Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
|Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore|
Aerial view of Sleeping Bear Dunes
|Location||Leelanau County & Benzie County, Michigan, USA|
|Nearest city||Traverse City, Michigan|
|Area||71,187 acres (288.08 km2)|
|Established||October 21, 1970|
|Visitors||1,280,932 (in 2010)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is a United States National Lakeshore located along the northwest coast of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan in Leelanau County and Benzie County. The park covers a 35-mile (60-km) stretch of Lake Michigan's eastern coastline, as well as North and South Manitou Islands. This northern Michigan park was established primarily because of its outstanding natural features, including forests, beaches, dune formations, and ancient glacial phenomena. The Lakeshore also contains many cultural features including the 1871 South Manitou Island Lighthouse, three former Life-Saving Service/Coast Guard Stations and an extensive rural historic farm district.
- 1 History
- 2 Historic sites
- 3 Climate
- 4 Flora and fauna
- 5 Camping
- 6 See also
- 7 Footnotes
- 8 External links
The park was authorized on October 21, 1973. The park's creation was highly controversial because it involved the transfer of private property to public. The Federal government's stance at the time was that the Great Lakes were the "third coast" and had to be preserved much like Cape Hatteras or Big Sur, which are National Seashores. The residents living in what is now Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore believed they were stewards of the land and did not want it to be overrun by tourists. The Government eventually won out in part by supporting the local schools to offset the lost property tax revenue and by adding North Manitou Island to be included in the park.
The park is named after a Chippewa legend of the sleeping bear. According to the legend, an enormous forest fire on the western shore of Lake Michigan drove a mother bear and her two cubs into the lake for shelter, determined to reach the opposite shore. After many miles of swimming, the two cubs lagged behind. When the mother bear reached the shore, she waited on the top of a high bluff. The exhausted cubs drowned in the lake, but the mother bear stayed and waited in hopes that her cubs would finally appear. Impressed by the mother bear's determination and faith, the Great Spirit created two islands (North and South Manitou Island) to commemorate the cubs, and the winds buried the sleeping bear under the sands of the dunes where she waits to this day. The "bear" was a small tree-covered knoll at the top edge of the bluff that, from the water, had the appearance of a sleeping bear. Wind and erosion have caused the "bear" to be greatly reduced in size over the years.
Sleeping Bear Point Coast Guard Station Maritime Museum
Glen Haven Village
Glen Haven existed as a company town from 1865 to 1931. Originally, a dock for Glen Arbor (1855-date), the site soon became a fuel supply point for ships traveling up and down the lake. Here Charles McCarty decided to open his own business and built a dock to supply the ships with wood. In 1863, McCarty built the Sleeping Bear House. It was expanded a few years later to accommodate travelers. In 1928, it was remodeled into the Inn for summer vacationers. The General Store was established to supply the workers. Like most company towns, the workers were paid in company coupons, redeemable only at the company store. The Blacksmith Shop is where tools were repaired. In 1878, David Henry Day arrived in the community. By this time, coal from the Appalachian coal fields was replacing wood on the steamships. Day was looking for another future to this small community.
Port Oneida Historic Farm District
In 1860, Port Oneida had a population of 87 people. Thomas Kelderhouse had built a dock to sell wood to the passing steamships. He was also able to sell fresh produce and maple sugar in season. A local story says that the name comes from the first ship to stop, the S.S. Oneida of New York State. The area covers 3,000 acres (12 km2) and includes 16 historic farms. The farming community was gradually abandoned due to hard farming conditions and declining timber sales. 
|Climate data for Traverse City, Michigan|
|Average high °F||29||29||38||52||64||75||81||78||71||60||44||33||55|
|Average low °F||15||13||21||32||41||52||59||58||51||41||31||21||36|
|Average high °C||−2||−2||3||11||18||24||27||26||22||16||7||1||13|
|Average low °C||−9||−11||−6||0||5||11||15||14||11||5||−1||−6||2|
Flora and fauna
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore is one Michigan's most popular destinations for camping vacations, possibly the most popular. This popularity may be due to the fact it was named the "Most Beautiful Place in America" by Good Morning America in 2012. There are a few campgrounds in the national lakeshore and they are grouped into D.H. Day Campground, Platte River Campground, a few camping areas on the Manitou Islands within, and some other sites for backcountry or group camping.
D.H. Day Campground
D.H. Day Campground is part of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore and offers a moderate level of privacy and a beach on Lake Michigan. Campgrounds are rustic, wooded, and more far apart than campsites at most campgrounds. Nearby points of interest include Empire Bluffs, the "dune climb", and North Bar Lake. It is extremely popular and accepts reservations for most sites with the remainder of sites set aside as "first come first serve." Campers generally must reserve well before their trip or arrive early to obtain a first-come first-serve campsite during summer months.
Platte River Campground
Platte River Campground is part of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore and offers a variety of campsites, some of which are reservable and some of which are set aside as first-come first-serve. Some campsites are modern (with electrical hookups), some are "hike-in," and others are more rustic. Nearby points of interest include Platte River Point, the Platte River, and Big Platte Lake. The north section of Sleeping Bear Dunes National Park is a short drive from Platte River Campground. Kayaking is a popular activity at the campground, especially the kayak trail leading from the campground to Platte River Point
Manitou Island Campgrounds
Sleeping Bear Dunes also has three main campgrounds on South Manitou Island, including the Weather Station Campground located on the south side of the island, the Bay Campground on the west shore of the island and the Popple Campground on the north shore.
- Sand Dune
- National Park Service
- Pierce Stocking Scenic Drive
- Port Oneida Rural Historic District
- List of areas in the National Park System of the United States
- Glen Haven, Michigan
- Glen Arbor Township, Michigan
- Butch Street (March 2011). "Statistical Abstract 2010". Natural Resource Data Series NPS/NRPC/SSD/NRDS—2011/147. National Park Service. p. 15. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
- Brian kalt, Sixties Sandstorm: The Fight Over Establishment of a Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore, 1961-1970 (East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press, 2001)
- Glen Haven Village Tour, The Cordwood Era pamphlet, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
- Port Oneida Historic Farm District pamphlet, Sleeping Dear Dunes National Lakeshore
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Traverse City, Michigan". Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- Cougar Safety, Sleeping Bear, National Park Service
- 5 Most Popular Camping Spots in Michigan (based on Google Traffic) Campthat
- Sleeping Bear Dunes Voted Most Beautiful Place in America ABC News
- D.H. Day Campground Campthat
- Platte River Campground Campthat
- Weather Station Campground Campthat
- The Bay Campground Campthat
- The Popple Campground Campthat
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore.|
- National Park Service: Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore
- Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore: Final General Management Plan, Wilderness Study Environmental Impact Statement
- Traverse City Convention and Visitors Bureau
- North Manitou Island
- Sleeping Bear Dunes Visitors Bureau
- The Sleeping Bear Organization
- Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore travel guide from Wikivoyage