Sleeping Beauty (1959 film)

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Sleeping Beauty
Sleeping beauty disney.jpg
Original theatrical poster
Directed by Clyde Geronimi
Les Clark
Eric Larson
Wolfgang Reitherman
Produced by Walt Disney
Written by Erdman Penner (adaptation)
Joe Rinaldi
Winston Hibler
Bill Peet
Ted Sears
Ralph Wright
Milt Banta
Based on La Belle au bois dormant by Charles Perrault
The Sleeping Beauty by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Little Briar Rose by The Brothers Grimm
Starring Mary Costa
Eleanor Audley
Verna Felton
Barbara Luddy
Barbara Jo Allen
Bill Shirley
Taylor Holmes
Bill Thompson
Narrated by Marvin Miller
Music by George Bruns
Production
company
Distributed by Buena Vista Distribution
Release dates
  • January 29, 1959 (1959-01-29)
Running time 75 minutes
Language English
Budget $6 million[1]
Box office $51.6 million[2]

Sleeping Beauty is a 1959 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney based on The Sleeping Beauty by Charles Perrault and Little Briar Rose by The Brothers Grimm. The 16th film in the Walt Disney Animated Classics series, it was released to theaters on January 29, 1959, by Buena Vista Distribution. This was the last Disney adaptation of a fairy tale for some years because of its initial disappointing box office gross and mixed critical reception; the studio did not return to the genre until 30 years later, after Walt Disney died, with the release of The Little Mermaid (1989).

The film was directed by Les Clark, Eric Larson, and Wolfgang Reitherman, under the supervision of Clyde Geronimi, with additional story work by Joe Rinaldi, Winston Hibler, Bill Peet, Ted Sears, Ralph Wright, and Milt Banta. The film's musical score and songs, featuring the work of the Graunke Symphony Orchestra under the direction of George Bruns, are arrangements or adaptations of numbers from the 1890 Sleeping Beauty ballet by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Sleeping Beauty was the first animated film to be photographed in the Super Technirama 70 widescreen process, as well as the second full-length animated feature film to be filmed in anamorphic widescreen, following Disney's own Lady and the Tramp four years earlier. The film was presented in Super Technirama 70 and 6-channel stereophonic sound in first-run engagements.

Plot[edit]

After many childless years, King Stefan and Queen Leah happily welcome the birth of their daughter, the Princess Aurora. They proclaim a holiday for their subjects to pay homage to the princess and celebrate her birth. At the gathering for her christening she is betrothed to Prince Phillip, the young son of Stefan's friend King Hubert, so that their kingdoms will always be united.

Among the guests are three good fairies called Flora, Fauna, and Merryweather, who have come to bless the child with gifts, beauty and song. Before Merryweather is able to give her blessing, the evil fairy Maleficent appears, only to be told she was not invited and unwanted. Maleficent turns to leave, but when Queen Leah asks if she's offended, the evil fairy curses the princess, proclaiming that Aurora will grow in grace and beauty, but before the sun sets on her sixteenth birthday, she will prick her finger on the spindle of a spinning wheel and die. Merryweather uses her blessing to alter the curse so that instead of dying, Aurora will fall into a deathlike sleep from which she can only be awakened by true love's kiss. King Stefan, still fearful for his daughter's life, orders all spinning wheels in the kingdom to be burned. The fairies don't believe that will be enough to keep Aurora safe, and so they spirit baby Aurora away to a woodcutter's cottage in the forest until the day of her sixteenth birthday.

Years later, Aurora, renamed Briar Rose, has grown into a beautiful teenage girl. On the day of her sixteenth birthday, the three fairies ask Rose to gather berries in the forest so they can prepare a surprise party for her. While singing in the forest, Rose attracts the attention of Prince Phillip, now a handsome young man. They instantly fall in love, unaware of being betrothed years ago. Rose asks Phillip to come to her cottage that evening.

While she is out, Flora and Merryweather argue about the color of Aurora's ball gown. They fight, attracting the attention of Maleficent's raven and revealing the location of Aurora. Back at home, the fairies tell Aurora the truth about her heritage, and she can't meet him again. Heartbroken, she leaves the room. Meanwhile, Phillip tells his father of a peasant girl he met and wishes to marry in spite of his prearranged marriage to Princess Aurora. King Hubert fails to convince him otherwise, leaving Hubert in equal disappointment.

The fairies take Aurora back to the castle. Maleficent then appears and magically lures Aurora away from the fairies and tricks the princess into touching an enchanted spinning wheel. Aurora pricks her finger, completing the curse. The good fairies place Aurora on a bed in the highest tower and place a powerful spell on all the people in the kingdom, causing them to fall in a deep sleep until the spell on their princess is broken. From King Hubert's conversation with King Stefan, the fairies realize that Prince Phillip is the man with whom Aurora has fallen in love. However, he is kidnapped by Maleficent. She shows Phillip the peasant girl he fell in love with is the now-sleeping princess. She tells him she plans to keep him locked away until he's an old man on the verge of death, then release him to meet his love, who won't have aged a single day.

The fairies find and release the prince, arming him with the magical Sword of Truth and the Shield of Virtue. Maleficent tries to stop Phillip with thorns but fails. She then transforms into a gigantic dragon to battle the prince herself. Ultimately, Phillip throws the sword, blessed by the fairies' magic, directly into Maleficent's heart, causing her to fall to her death.

Phillip awakens Aurora with a kiss, breaking the spell and wakes everyone in the palace. The royal couple descends to the ballroom, where Aurora is happily reunited with her parents. Flora and Merryweather resume their argument over the color of Aurora's Dress, even changing its color as Aurora wears it while dancing with Phillip. Princess Aurora and Prince Phillip live happily ever after.

Cast[edit]

Directing animators[edit]

Eric Larson did not animate any of the characters for the film; instead, he directed the entire "Forest" sequence which stretches from Briar Rose (a.k.a Aurora) wandering through the forest with her animal friends all the way to Briar Rose running back home, promising Phillip they'll meet again later in the evening. This was the only time he directed a sequence or a film during his tenure at Walt Disney Feature Animation.

Production[edit]

Overview and art direction[edit]

Sleeping Beauty spent nearly the entire decade of the 1950s in production: the story work began in 1951, voices were recorded in 1952, animation production took from 1953 until 1958, and the stereophonic musical score, mostly based on Tchaikovsky's ballet of the same name, was recorded in 1957. The film was the last Disney animated film to use hand-inked cels. Beginning with the next feature, 101 Dalmatians (1961), Disney would move to the use of xerography to transfer animators' drawings from paper to the cels. Its art, which Walt Disney wanted to look like a living illustration and which was inspired by medieval art, was not in the typical Disney style. Because the Disney studio had already made two features based on fairy tales, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) and Cinderella (1950), Walt Disney wanted this film to stand out from its predecessors by choosing a different visual style. The movie eschewed the soft, rounded look of earlier Disney features for a more stylized one that corresponds to the time period in which the film is set. As Super Technirama 70 was used, the backgrounds could contain more detailed and complex artwork than ever used in an animated film before.

While Disney's regular production designer, Ken Anderson, was in charge of the film's overall look, Disney artist Eyvind Earle was made the film's color stylist and chief background designer; Disney gave him a significant amount of freedom in designing the settings and selecting colors for the film. Earle also painted the majority of the backgrounds himself. The elaborate paintings usually took seven to ten days to paint; in contrast, a typical animation background took only one workday to complete. Disney's decision to give Earle so much artistic freedom was not popular among the Disney animators, who had until Sleeping Beauty exercised some influence over the style of their characters and settings.

It was also the first time the studio experimented with the Xerox process. Woolie Reitherman used it on the dragon as a way to enlarge and reduce its size, but due to the primitive equipment available in this early test, the Xerox lines were then replaced with traditional ink and paint.[3]

Chuck Jones, known for his work as an animation director with Warner Bros. Cartoons, was employed on the film during the brief period when Warner Bros. Animation department was closed. It was anticipated that 3-D film would replace animation as a box office draw. Following the failure of 3-D, and the reversal of Warner's decision, Jones returned to the other studio. His work on Sleeping Beauty, which he spent four months on, remained uncredited. Ironically, during his early years at WB, Jones was a heavy user of Disney-style animation.

Characters and story development[edit]

The name given to the princess by her royal birth parents is "Aurora" (Latin for "dawn"), as it was in the original Tchaikovsky ballet. This name occurred in Perrault's version as well, not as the princess's name, but as her daughter's.[4] In hiding, she is called Briar Rose, the name of the princess in the Brothers Grimm variant.[5] Ironically, Princess Aurora, the film's titular character, appears for fewer than eighteen minutes in the film (excluding the time she appears as an infant at the beginning). The prince was given the princely name most familiar to Americans in the 1950s: Prince Phillip. Named after Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the character has the distinction of being the first Disney prince to have a name as the princes in Snow White and the Seven Dwarves and Cinderella are never named. The evil fairy was aptly named Maleficent, from the Latin maleficentia, "evil doing" (malus, "bad, wicked, evil" + ficens, past participle of facere, "to make, do").[6] Sleeping Beauty's mother is never named in the film itself or the character reference sheets but according to Disney legend around the studio she was meant to be called Queen Leah, but is otherwise always referred to as "the queen," whereas both her father and that of the prince are given names that are used several times, both in dialogue and narration.[citation needed]

Walt Disney had suggested that all three good fairies should look alike, but veteran animators Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston objected, saying that three identical fairies would not be exciting. They chose to have the fairies in different personalities, looks, and colors just like the famed Disney duck trio Huey, Dewey and Louie. Additionally, the idea originally included seven good fairies instead of three, as there are seven good fairies in the story's main reference, Perrault's version. In determining Maleficent's design, standard depictions of witches and hags were dismissed (as it would too closely resembled Snow White's evil stepmother, the Wicked Queen's guise in Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs and Cinderella evil's stepmother Lady Tremaine's guise in Cinderella), so animator Marc Davis opted for a more elegant look. In his research of the period and artwork of the Medieval times he came across a picture of a woman of a religious nature who was dressed elegantly devilishly with flowing capes and clothes resembling flames. With this image in his head he centered around the appearance of flames, ultimately crowning the villain with "the horns of the devil." He even went as far as to give Maleficent bat-looking wings for her collar. In the final production the individual character of the three good fairies and the elegant villain proved to be among the film's strongest points.

Several story points for this film came from discarded ideas for Disney's previous fairy tale involving a sleeping heroine: Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. They include Maleficent's capture of the Prince, as well as her mocking him and the Prince's daring escape from her castle. Disney discarded these ideas from Snow White because his artists were not able to draw a human male believably enough at the time,[citation needed] although they were incorporated into the comic strip adaptation. Also discarded from Snow White but used in this film were the ideas of the dance with the makeshift prince (also used as "Prince Buckethead" in the Snow White comic book), and the fantasy sequence of the prince and princess dancing in the clouds, which was also considered but dropped from Cinderella.

Live-action reference footage[edit]

Before animation production began, every shot in the film was done in a live-action reference version, with live actors in costume serving as models for the animators. Helene Stanley was the live action reference for Princess Aurora.[7] The only known surviving footage of Stanley as Aurora's live-action reference is a clip from the television program Disneyland, which consists of the artists sketching her dancing with the woodland animals. It was not the first or last time Stanley worked for Disney; she also provided live-action references for Cinderella[8][9] and Anita from 101 Dalmatians,[8] and portrayed Polly Crockett for the TV series Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier.

The role of Prince Phillip was modeled by Ed Kemmer,[9] who had played Commander Buzz Corry on television's Space Patrol[10][11] five years before Sleeping Beauty was released. For the final battle sequence, Kemmer was photographed on a wooden buck.

The live-action model for Maleficent became Eleanor Audley, who also voiced the villain.[12] Dancer Jane Fowler also was a live-action reference for Maleficent.[9][13][14]

Among the actresses who performed in reference footage for this film were Spring Byington, Frances Bavier, and Helene Stanley.

All the live actors' performances were screened for the animators' reference as Walt Disney insisted that much of Sleeping Beauty's character animation be as close to live action as possible.[15]

Release and later history[edit]

Theatrical release[edit]

Disney's distribution arm, Buena Vista Distribution, originally released Sleeping Beauty to theaters in both standard 35mm prints and large-format 70mm prints. The Super Technirama 70 prints were equipped with six-track stereophonic sound; some CinemaScope-compatible 35mm Technirama prints were released in four-track stereo, and others had monaural soundtracks. On the initial run, Sleeping Beauty was paired with the short musical/documentary film Grand Canyon which won an Academy Award.

During its original release in January 1959, Sleeping Beauty earned approximately $5.3 million in box office rentals.[16][17] Sleeping Beauty's production costs, which totaled $6 million,[1] made it the most expensive Disney film up to that point, and over twice as expensive as each of the preceding three Disney animated features: Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, and Lady and the Tramp.[18] The high production costs of Sleeping Beauty, coupled with the underperformance of much of the rest of Disney's 1959–1960 release slate, resulted in the company posting its first annual loss in a decade for fiscal year 1960,[1] and there were massive lay-offs throughout the animation department.[19]

The film was met with mixed reviews from critics, often citing the film being slowly paced and having little character development.[15] Nevertheless, the film has sustained a strong following and is today hailed as one of the best animated films ever made, thanks to its stylized designs by painter Eyvind Earle who also was the art director for the film, its lush music score and its large-format 70mm widescreen and stereophonic sound presentation. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a "Certified Fresh" 91% from 34 reviews with an average rating of 7.7/10. Its consensus states that "This Disney dreamscape contains moments of grandeur, with its lush colors, magical air, one of the most menacing villains in the Disney canon."[20] Carrie R. Wheadon of Common Sense Media gave the film five out of five stars, writing, "Disney classic is delightful but sometimes scary".[21]

Like Alice in Wonderland (1951), which was not initially successful either, Sleeping Beauty was never re-released theatrically in Walt Disney's lifetime. However, it had many re-releases in theaters over the decades. The film was re-released theatrically in 1970, 1979 (in 70mm 6 channel stereo, as well as in 35 mm stereo and mono) 1986 and 1995. It was going to re-release in 1993, but it was canceled. Sleeping Beauty '​s successful reissues have made it the second most successful film released in 1959, second to Ben-Hur,[22] with a lifetime gross of $51.6 million.[2] When adjusted for ticket price inflation, the domestic total gross comes out to $606.8 million, placing it in the top 40 of films.[23]

From July 9 to August 13, 2012, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences organized "The Last 70MM Film Festival" at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater, where the Academy, its members, and the Hollywood industry acknowledged the importance, beauty, and majesty of the 70mm film format and how its image and quality is superior to that of digital film. The Academy selected the following films, which were shot on 70mm, to be screened to make a statement about it, as well as to gain a new appreciation for familiar films in a way it hadn't before: It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, Sleeping Beauty, Grand Prix, The Sound of Music, 2001: A Space Odyssey, and Spartacus, along with other short subject films on the 70mm format.[24]

Home video release[edit]

Sleeping Beauty was released on VHS, Betamax and Laserdisc in 1986 in the Classics collection, becoming the first Disney Classics video to be digitally processed in Hi-Fi stereo. The film underwent a digital restoration in 1997, and that version was released to both VHS and Laserdisc again as part of the Masterpiece Collection. The 1997 VHS edition also came with a special commemorative booklet included, with brief facts on the making of the movie. In 2003, the restored Sleeping Beauty was released to DVD in a 2-disc "Special Edition" which included both a widescreen version (formatted at 2.35:1) and a pan and scan version as well. A Platinum Edition release of Sleeping Beauty, as a 2-disc DVD and Blu-ray, was released on October 7, 2008 in the US, making Sleeping Beauty the first entry in the Platinum Edition line to be released in high definition video. This release is based upon the 2007 restoration of Sleeping Beauty from the original Technicolor negatives (interpositives several generations removed from the original negative were used for other home video releases). The new restoration features the film in its full negative aspect ratio of 2.55:1, wider than both the prints shown at the film's original limited Technirama engagements in 2.20:1 and the CinemaScope-compatible reduction prints for general release at 2.35:1. The Blu-ray set features BD-Live, an online feature, and the extras include a virtual castle and multi-player games.[25] The Blu-ray release also includes disc 1 of the DVD version of the film in addition to the two Blu-rays. The DVD includes a music video with a remake of the Disney Classic "Once Upon A Dream" sung by Emily Osment; and featuring Daniel Romer as Prince Charming. The DVD was released on October 27, 2008 in the UK. The Blu-ray release is the first ever released on the Blu-ray format of any Disney feature produced by Walt Disney himself. The film was released on a Diamond Edition Blu-ray on October 7, 2014, after six years since its first time on Blu-ray.

Other appearances[edit]

Aurora is one of the seven Princesses of Heart in the popular Square Enix game Kingdom Hearts (although her appearances are brief), and Maleficent is a villain in all three Kingdom Hearts games, and as a brief ally at the third game's climax. The good fairies appear in Kingdom Hearts II, giving Sora new clothes. Diablo appears in Kingdom Hearts II to resurrect his defeated mistress. The PSP game Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep, features a world based on the movie, Enchanted Dominion, and characters who appear are Aurora/Briar Rose, Maleficent, Maleficent's goons, the three faires and Prince Phillip, the latter serving as temporary party member for Aqua during her battle against Maleficent and her henchmen.

She is also a playable character in the game Disney Princess.

Princess Aurora, Prince Phillip, Flora, Fauna and Merryweather were featured as guests in Disney's House of Mouse and Maleficent was one of the villains in Mickey's House of Villains.

Maleficent's goons appear in the Maroon Cartoon studio lot in the film Who Framed Roger Rabbit. The Bluebirds from the film also appear as "tweeting birds" that fly around Roger Rabbit's or Eddie Valiant's heads in two scenes, after a refrigerator fell on top of Roger's head and while Eddie Valiant is in Toontown, the birds are seen again flying around his head until he shoos them away.

The first all-new story featuring the characters from the movie (sans Maleficent) appeared in Disney Princess Enchanted Tales: Follow Your Dreams, the first volume of collection of the Disney Princesses. It was released on September 4, 2007. Mary Costa, the original voice of Aurora, was not fond of this story and felt that it did not work.[26]

Various characters from the film also appear in the board game of the same name.

Aurora is featured in a PSA for wildfire prevention with Smokey Bear.

In the American fantasy drama series Once Upon a Time, a live-action version of Maleficent appeared in the second episode and the Season 1 finale, as she is an adversary of the Evil Queen, and is also sinister. Her role was played by True Blood actress Kristin Bauer. In Season 2 and Season 3, live-action incarnations of Aurora and Phillip are portrayed by Sarah Bolger and Julian Morris respectively.

Aurora and Maleficent also appear in the manga, Kilala Princess.

Aurora also makes an appearance in the video game, Kinect Disneyland Adventures.

Flora, Fauna and Merryweather appear in Disney Channel/Disney Junior's series Sofia the First as the teaching faculty of Royal Prep, the school for the various kingdom's princes and princesses. Aurora also makes a guest appearance in the episode, "Holiday in Enchancia".

In Walt Disney Pictures' live action film Maleficent, released on May 2014, Angelina Jolie casts as Maleficent and Elle Fanning as Princess Aurora. The movie is directed by Robert Stromberg in his directorial debut, produced by Don Hahn and Joe Roth, and written by Paul Dini and Linda Woolverton.[27]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Academy Awards[28]

Grammy Awards[29]

Young Artist Award[30]

  • Best Musical Entertainment Featuring Youth – TV or Motion Picture
American Film Institute Lists

Media and merchandise[edit]

Board game[edit]

Walt Disney's Sleeping Beauty Game (1958) is a Parker Brothers children's board game for two to four players based upon Sleeping Beauty. The object of the game is to be the first player holding three different picture cards to reach the castle and the space marked "The End".[33]

The Disney film retains the basics of Charles Perrault's 17th century fairy tale about a princess cursed to sleep one hundred years, but adds three elderly fairies who protect the princess, a prince armed with a magic sword and shield, and other details. The Disney twists on the tale are incorporated into the game, and Disney's "stunning graphics"[33] illustrate the game board. In addition to the board game, the film generated books, toys, and other juvenile merchandise.

The equipment consists of a center-seamed game board, four tokens in various colors, four spinners, four magic wands, and a deck of picture cards.

The first player moves the number of spaces along the track according to a dial spin. If the player lands on a pink star, his turn ends. If he lands on a yellow star, he draws a card and follows its instruction. If he draws a picture card, he retains it face down at his place. If a player spins a six, he is given the choice of moving six spaces or taking a magic wand. He may play the wand at any time during the game and in doing so draws two cards, following their instructions. A player must hold three different picture cards before entering the Path of Happiness. If he does not hold three picture cards, he continues around the Deep Sleep circle until he acquires the required three picture cards. Should a player land on a purple Maleficent space, that player returns one of his picture cards to the deck.

Theme parks[edit]

Sleeping Beauty was made while Walt Disney was building Disneyland (hence the four-year production time). To help promote the film, Imagineers named the park's icon "Sleeping Beauty Castle" (it was originally to be Snow White's).[citation needed] An indoor walk-through exhibit was added to the empty castle interior in 1957, where guests could walk through the castle, up and over the castle entrance, viewing "Story Moment" dioramas of scenes from the film, which were improved with animated figurines in 1977. It closed shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, supposedly because the dark, unmonitored corridors were a risk.[citation needed] After being closed for seven years, the exhibit space underwent extensive refurbishment to restore the original 1957 displays, and reopened to guests on November 27, 2008. Accommodations were also made on the ground floor with a "virtual" version for disabled guests unable to navigate stairs. Hong Kong Disneyland opened in 2005, also with a Sleeping Beauty Castle, nearly replicating Disneyland's original design.

Le Château de la Belle au Bois Dormant at Disneyland Paris is a variant of Sleeping Beauty Castle. The version found at Disneyland Paris is much more reminiscent of the film's artistic direction. The Château features an animatronic dragon, imagineered to look like Maleficent's dragon form, is found in the lower level dungeon – La Tanière du Dragon.[34] The building also contains la Galerie de la Belle au Bois Dormant, a gallery of displays which illustrate the story of Sleeping Beauty in tapestries, stained glass windows and figures.[35]

Princess Aurora (and, to a lesser extent, Prince Phillip, the three good fairies, and Maleficent) makes regular appearances in the parks and parades.

Maleficent is featured as one of the villains in the nighttime show Fantasmic! at Disneyland and Disney's Hollywood Studios.

Stage adaptation[edit]

A scaled-down one act stage musical version of the film with the title Disney's Sleeping Beauty KIDS is often performed by schools and children's theaters.[36] With book and additional lyrics by Marcy Heisler and Bryan Louiselle, the show is composed of twelve musical numbers, including the movie songs.[37]

Soundtrack listing[edit]

  1. "Main Title"/"Once Upon A Dream"/"Prologue"
  2. "Hail To The Princess Aurora"
  3. "The Gifts Of Happiness And Song"/"Maleficent Appears"/"True Love Conquers All"
  4. "The Burning Of The Spinning Wheels"/"The Fairies' Plan"
  5. "Maleficent's Frustration"
  6. "A Cottage In The Woods"
  7. "Do You Hear That?"/"I Wonder"
  8. "An Unusual Prince"/"Once Upon A Dream (Reprise)"
  9. "Magical House Cleaning"/"Blue Or Pink"
  10. "A Secret Revealed"
  11. "Wine (Drinking Song)"/"The Royal Argument"
  12. "Prince Phillip Arrives"/"How To Tell Stefan"
  13. "Aurora's Return"/"Maleficent's Evil Spell"
  14. "Poor Aurora"/"Sleeping Beauty"
  15. "Forbidden Mountain"
  16. "A Fairy Tale Come True"
  17. "Battle With The Forces Of Evil"
  18. "Awakening"
  19. "Finale (Once Upon A Dream (third-prise))"

The Classic Disney: 60 Years of Musical Magic album includes "Once Upon A Dream" on the green disc, and "I Wonder" on the purple disc. Additionally, Disney's Greatest Hits includes "Once Upon A Dream" on the blue disc. The 1973 LP compilation 50 Happy Years of Disney Favorites (Disneyland, STER-3513) includes "Once Upon A Dream" as the seventh track on Side IV, as well as a track titled "Blue Bird – I Wonder" labeled as being from this film with authorship by Hibler, Sears, and Bruns (same set, Side II, track 4).

No Secrets performed a cover version of "Once Upon A Dream" on the album Disneymania 2, which appears as a music video on the 2003 DVD. More recently, Emily Osment sang a remake of "Once Upon A Dream", released on the Disney Channel on September 12, 2008, and included on the Platinum Edition DVD and Blu-ray Disc.

In the 2012 album Disney – Koe no Oujisama, which features various Japanese voice actors covering Disney songs, "Once Upon A Dream" was covered by Toshiyuki Morikawa.[citation needed]

In anticipation of the 2014 film Maleficent, a cover version sung by Lana Del Rey was released by Disney on January 26. The song is considerably darker and more dramatic than the 1959 version, given the new film's focus on the villain Maleficent. The song was debuted in a trailer for the film shown as a commercial break during the 2014 Grammy Awards, and was released for free on Google Play for a limited time.[38][39]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thomas, Bob (1976). Walt Disney: An American Original (1994 ed.). New York: Hyperion Press. pp. 294–295. ISBN 0-7868-6027-8. 
  2. ^ a b "Sleeping Beauty". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  3. ^ Disney animator Burny Mattinson talks Sleeping Beauty"
  4. ^ Heidi Anne Heiner, "The Annotated Sleeping Beauty"
  5. ^ Jacob and Wilheim Grimm, Grimm's Fairy Tales, "Briar Rose"
  6. ^ John C. Traupman, The New College Latin & English Dictionary (Bantam, 1995).
  7. ^ Disney Family Album: Marc Davis. YouTube. Retrieved 2013-08-04. 
  8. ^ a b "Cinderella Character History". Disney Archives. Archived from the original on 2012-06-24. 
  9. ^ a b c Leonard Maltin. The Disney Films: 3rd Edition. p. 156. ISBN 0-7868-8137-2. 
  10. ^ Sleeping Beauty at the Internet Movie Database
  11. ^ Animation (2012-11-13). "Sleeping Beauty". Tv Facts. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  12. ^ Andreas Deja (2011-08-31). "Deja View: Miss Audley". Andreasdeja.blogspot.ru. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  13. ^ Thomas S. Hischak. Disney Voice Actors: A Biographical Dictionary. p. 13. ISBN 9780786462711. 
  14. ^ Andreas Deja (2013-03-29). "Deja View: Moments with Marc". Andreasdeja.blogspot.ru. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  15. ^ a b Maltin, Leonard (1980, rev. 1987). Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New York: Plume. p. 74. ISBN 0-452-25993-2.
  16. ^ Schickel, Richard (1968). The Disney Version: The Life, Times, Art and Commerce of Walt Disney. Chicago: Simon & Schuster. p. 299. ISBN 1-5666-3158-0. 
  17. ^ Reid, John Howard (2005). Success in the Cinema: Money-Making Movies and Critics' Choices. Raleigh, North Carolina: Lulu. p. 43. ISBN 1-8472-8088-9. 
  18. ^ Barrier, Michael (1999). Hollywood Cartoons: American Animation in Its Golden Age. New York.: Oxford University Press. pp. 554–559. ISBN 0-19-516729-5. 
  19. ^ Norman, Floyd (August 18, 2008). "Toon Tuesday: Here's to the real survivors". Retrieved February 13, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Sleeping Beauty Movie Reviews, Pictures". Rotten Tomatoes. Flixster. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  21. ^ Carrie R. Wheadon. "Sleeping Beauty – Movie Review". Commonsensemedia.org. Retrieved May 27, 2012. 
  22. ^ "Movies: Top 5 Box Office Hits, 1939 to 1988". Ldsfilm.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  23. ^ "All Time Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". Boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  24. ^ "The Last 70MM Film Festival". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Sleeping Beauty Blu-ray Disc release". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  26. ^ Mary Costa Interview - Page 2. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  27. ^ Maleficent at the Internet Movie Database
  28. ^ Oscars.org http://awardsdatabase.oscars.org/ampas_awards/DisplayMain.jsp?curTime=1215145841468
  29. ^ Internet Movie Database http://www.imdb.com/event/ev0000301/1959
  30. ^ Young Artist Awards http://www.youngartistawards.org/pastnoms1.htm
  31. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes and Villains Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  32. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Ballot". Afi.com. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
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  34. ^ http://www.dlrpmagic.com/guidebook/disneyland-park/fantasyland/la-taniere-du-dragon/%7CLa Tanière du Dragon, Disneyland Paris
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