|This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
|"Under Mi Sleng Teng"|
|Single by Wayne Smith|
|from the album Sleng Teng|
|Wayne Smith singles chronology|
Sleng Teng is the name given to the first fully computerized riddim in Jamaican music. The riddim, which was created by the collaboration between King Jammy and Wayne Smith, was titled "Under Mi Sleng Teng". Wayne Smith found the computerized sound in Noel Davey's keyboard, and together he and Davey arranged the riddim, slowed it down, matched it to Smith's key, and rehearsed on it with lyrics inspired by Barrington Levy's "Under Mi Sensi" and Yellowman's "Under me fat ting", before taking it to Jammy's studio in late 1984. The riddim itself is apparently an attempt to recreate Eddie Cochran's 1959 rockabilly song "Somethin' Else." It is a pattern found in the Casio MT-40 home keyboard.
After the riddim was brought to the studio and Jammy heard it, he then slowed it further and placed piano and a clap on it. Jammy recorded a number of other artists on the original backing track including Tenor Saw (with "Pumpkin Belly"), and Johnny Osbourne (with "Buddy Bye"). The tunes were first unleashed at a now legendary soundclash between Jammy's own sound system and Black Scorpio at Waltham Park Road on February 23, 1985.
Some of Jammy's productions based on the rhythm were released on the albums Sleng Teng Extravaganza and Sleng Teng Extravaganza 95.
Scholars Peter Manuel and Wayne Marshall argue that Sleng Teng "was seminal in various ways ... [it] further consolidated the trend toward the new production of riddims based on short ostinatos, rather than reliance on vintage B-side tracks, with their occasionally problematic chord progressions". Secondly, its sounded thoroughly novel and different from the "overused Studio One classics". Third, its success promoted the wide use of digital production methods, where "a keyboard synthesizer, sequencer, and drum machine, or access to these, could generate a new riddim, without having to spend money on studio time or studio musicians".
King Tubby, who had originally taught Jammy how to produce music, was inspired by the track to create his own "Tempo" riddim.
Sleng Teng is among the most versioned (rerecorded) of Jamaican riddims, listing around 380 versions. The riddim was updated by Jammy in 2005 (slightly speeded up, with added horn riff) and this variation is known as "Sleng Teng Resurrection." Several new cuts on the original Sleng Teng were also released by Jammys in 2005 in celebration of the riddim's 20th anniversary.
The electronic duo Discovery uses a similar musical style in "Slang Tang" from their album LP in a nod to Sleng Teng. British musician M.I.A. references Sleng Teng in the track "Pull Up the People" on her album Arular. The song is also used in the promotional trailer on Channel 4 for This Is England '86.
311 also quote the lyrics in their song "Who's Got the Herb".
- Manuel, P. & Marshal, W. "The Riddim Method: Aesthetics, Practice, and Ownership in Jamaican Dancehall." Popular Music (2006) 25:3. Cambridge University Press, pp. 447–470 http://wayneandwax.com/academic/manuel-marshall_riddim-method.pdf
- Katz, David (2014) "Wayne Smith's Under Mi Sleng Teng – the song that revolutionised reggae", The Guardian, 20 February 2014. Retrieved 23 February 2014
- Cooke, Mel (2015) "30 Years Of Sleng Teng - King Jammy Recalls Impact Of Digital Breakthrough", Jamaica Gleaner, 12 April 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2015
- Frenkieh Riddim Database 2011, Sleng Teng Riddim (1985), page 10 (361 - 380) http://riddims.frenkieh.com/show/riddims/18/page_10/
- Colin Larkin: The Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Volume 7. Oxford University Press, USA, Nov 20, 2006, p. 515 ("The b-side 'Way In My Brain' employed the reggae bass line of 'Under Me[sic] Sleng Teng'...")
- Yodice, Kristopher (May 31, 2012). "An Interview With Discovery We Never Printed". Death and Taxes. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
- Sleng Teng Riddim at Frenkieh.com Riddim Database
- Sleng Teng Riddim at riddimguide.com
- Wayne Smith's Under Mi Sleng Teng – the song that revolutionised reggae