# Slice knot

A slice knot is a type of mathematical knot. It helps to remember that in knot theory, a "knot" means an embedded circle in the 3-sphere

$S^3 = \{\mathbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^4 \mid |\mathbf{x}|=1 \}$

and that the 3-sphere can be thought of as the boundary of the four-dimensional ball

$B^4 = \{\mathbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^4 \mid |\mathbf{x}|\leq 1 \}.$

A knot $K\subset S^3$ is slice if it bounds a nicely embedded disk D in the 4-ball.[1]

What is meant by "nicely embedded" depends on the context, and there are different terms for different kinds of slice knots. If D is smoothly embedded in B4, then K is said to be smoothly slice. If K is only locally flat (which is weaker), then K is said to be topologically slice.

Every ribbon knot is smoothly slice. An old question of Fox asks whether every slice knot is actually a ribbon knot.[2]

The signature of a slice knot is zero.[3]

The Alexander polynomial of a slice knot factors as a product $f(t)f(t^{-1})$ where $f(t)$ is some integral Laurent polynomial.[3] This is known as the Fox–Milnor condition.[4]

The following is a list of all slice knots with 10 or fewer crossings; it was compiled using the Knot Atlas[full citation needed]: 61, $8_8$, $8_9$, $8_{20}$, $9_{27}$, $9_{41}$, $9_{46}$, $10_3$, $10_{22}$, $10_{35}$, $10_{42}$, $10_{48}$, $10_{75}$, $10_{87}$, $10_{99}$, $10_{123}$, $10_{129}$, $10_{137}$, $10_{140}$, $10_{153}$ and $10_{155}$.

## References

1. ^ Lickorish, W. B. Raymond (1997), An Introduction to Knot Theory, Graduate Texts in Mathematics 175, Springer, p. 86, ISBN 9780387982540.
2. ^ Gompf, Robert E.; Scharlemann, Martin; Thompson, Abigail (2010), Fibered knots and potential counterexamples to the property 2R and slice-ribbon conjectures, Geometry & Topology 14 (4): 2305–2347, doi:10.2140/gt.2010.14.2305, MR 2740649.
3. ^ a b
4. ^ Banagl, Markus; Vogel, Denis (2010), The Mathematics of Knots: Theory and Application, Contributions in Mathematical and Computational Sciences 1, Springer, p. 61, ISBN 9783642156373.