In 2006, it was announced that Russia will construct two new bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton tracks. The first track was located near Moscow while the second one would be located in Krasnaya Polyana. Sochi was chosen to host the 2014 Winter Olympics over Pyongchang, South Korea and Salzburg, Austria on 4 July 2007. By 2009, the location was changed to Rzhanaya Polyana, located not far from Krasnaya Polyana.
The track length is 1365 meters for bobsleigh, skeleton, and men's singles luge and 1325 meters for luge – women's singles and men's doubles, with the finish height being at 1215 meters above sea level. It will have 19 curves for bobsleigh and skeleton, 20 turns for men's singles luge, and 17 turns for luge – women's singles/men's doubles. The maximum height difference (in the 1365m configuration) is 131.9 meters. The track will have permanent seating of 500, a temporary seating of 500, and a standing room crowd of 10,000 during the 2014 games.
Post-Olympic usage will involve international bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton competitions and training for Russian athletes involved in those sports.
In their Olympic bid package, Sochi's track would cost RUB 135.7 million. During the weekend of 4–5 April 2009, a report on the track status was given at the International Luge Federation (FIL) Commissions meeting in St. Leonhard, Austria (near Salzburg) by the artificial track technical commission in the presence of FIL President Josef Fendt though no details were disclosed.
Seven different locations have been submitted to both the FIBT and FIL, but have all been rejected due to high downhill grades on the track. The joint track commission of the FIBT-FIL has expressed concerns over this issue. The head of the Königssee bobsleigh, luge, and skeleton track in Germany stated that "the FIL is not to blame for the problems occurring in connection with the track location."
The site where the track will be located has been under fire from Greenpeace Russia over its location near the World Heritage Site of the Western Caucasus. Following Greenpeace Russia's official examination of the facility near the Sochi National Park, it was determined that about ten other places could be used outside of the park for track construction. Controversy about the track also included the Northern Caucasus Brown Bear's location near the track for which the bear is an endangered species.