Sloley

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Sloley
St Bartholomew, Sloley, Norfolk.jpg
Saint Bartholomew parish church, Sloley, Norfolk
Sloley is located in Norfolk
Sloley
Sloley
 Sloley shown within Norfolk
Area  3.04 km2 (1.17 sq mi)
Population 255 (parish, 2001 census)
   – density  84 /km2 (220 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TG292247
   – London  128 miles (206 km) 
Civil parish Sloley CP
District North Norfolk
Shire county Norfolk
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NORWICH
Postcode district NR12
Dialling code 01692
Police Norfolk
Fire Norfolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk

Coordinates: 52°46′13″N 1°23′46″E / 52.77027°N 1.39608°E / 52.77027; 1.39608

Sloley is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.[1] The village is 11.9 miles (19.2 km) north-northeast of Norwich, 13.6 miles (21.9 km) south- southeast of Cromer and 128 miles (206 km) north-east of London. The village lies 4.7 miles (7.6 km) south of the town of North Walsham.The nearest railway station is at Worstead for the Bittern Line which runs between Cromer and Norwich. The station is about 1 km (0.62 mi) from the centre of the village. The nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. The Village and parish of Sloley had in the 2001 census, a population of 255.[2] The civil parish of Sloley has an area of 3.04 km2 (1.17 sq mi). For the purposes of local government, the village falls within the district of North Norfolk.

Description[edit]

The parish of Sloley is situated in the northwest of the county of Norfolk. The parish is bounded on the south east with the parish of Tunstead, whilst to the west lies the parish of Scottow. The northern boundary is with the parishes of Westwick and Worstead. The north east corner is crossed north to south by the Bittern railway line which runs between Cromer and Norwich. Dissecting the parish east to west is New Barn lane which follows the route of an old Roman road[3] which was an extension to the Fen Causeway[4] and was thought to be a major East-West route which ran on to Smallburgh and possibly continued to Caister or an important port since eroded by the sea. The name Sloley[5] comes from the 7th-century Old English for "sla" meaning "sloe", plus "leah", a wood or clearing; hence, "leah where sloes grew".

The Domesday Book[edit]

Sloley has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085 where it, its population, land ownership and productive resources were extensively detailed[6] In the survey Sloley is recorded by the name of Slaleia. The abbot of Holme, Ralph de Beaufour and Reynald Fitzlvo are recorded as the main tenants. The survey also lists that there is a church.

Notable buildings and structures[edit]

The parish church of Saint Bartholomew[edit]

The parish church of Saint Bartholomew is located to the south-east of the village. The church tower is offset to the north of the main body of the church, the result of rebuilding and extensions built on to this church in the 14th and 15th centuries.[7] The north aisle has been constructed on what was the site of the original Norman church in the 15th century.[8] The arcades and clerestory were built in the 15th century,[8] along with a south aisle and new south porch and the top of the tower added. Also during this time the chancel arch was moved south and it to is now off-centre. The south aisle is larger than the north in order to accommodate an altar tomb to Oliver le Gros[8] who was Lord of the Manor who lived at Sloley Old Hall, and who died in 1448.[8] Other internal features are some 15th-century carved bench ends, 17th- and 18th-century[8] floor tombs, 19th-century box pews and a two-decker pulpit and 18th- and 19th-century monuments,[8] some in Gothic Revival style. The font is a fine example and is octagonal carved stone showing the seven sacraments and the Baptism of Christ with four small lions on the corners of the foot.[7]

Sloley Old Hall[edit]

Sloley Old Hall belonged to the Le Gros family, who were at one time Lords of the manor of Sloley with family records which run back to the reign of King Steven. At one time the Le Gros family were major holders of land within the county of Norfolk and Sloley Old Hall was numbered among their manorial establishments. The existing house, which was known as Frankfort Manor, was built by Oliver Le Gros in the 16th century. Harman, who married the last of the Le Gros family, sold to Robert Walpole. The house then passed into the ownership of the Neville family, whose descendants still own the surrounding estate. The house as part of the Sloley Estate. The hall was once lived in by Sylvia Townsend Warner, a well-known author, who lived there with her lover Valentine Ackland also a poet. Alarmed by the growing threat of fascism, both women were active in the Communist Party of Great Britain, and visited Spain during the Civil War. They lived together from 1930 until Ackland's death in 1969.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map OL40 - The Broads. ISBN 0-319-23769-9.
  2. ^ Office for National Statistics & Norfolk County Council, 2001. Census population and household counts for unparished urban areas and all parishes. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
  3. ^ Through Bawdeswell runs an important Roman road. [1]. Retrieved April 10, 2009.
  4. ^ Roads and Tracks: Vol 2, Norfolk Origins: by Bruce Robinson: Publisher Poppyland Publishing ( 1998): ISBN 978-0-946148-04-2
  5. ^ A Popular Guide to Norfolk Place-names: by James Rye: Published by Larks press, Dereham, Norfolk, 2000 ; ISBN 0-948400-15-3
  6. ^ The Domesday Book, England's Heritage, Then and Now, (Editor: Thomas Hinde), Norfolk, page 194, Sloley, ISBN 1-85833-440-3
  7. ^ a b Norfolk 1: Norwich and North-East, By Nikolaus Pevsner and Bill Wilson, Sloley entry, page 316. ISBN 0-300-09607-0
  8. ^ a b c d e f The Popular Guide to Norfolk Churches,1:North-East Norfolk, By D.P. Mortlock & C.V. Roberts, 1981, Pub:Acorn Editions, Page 84 Sloley St Batholomew, ISBN 0-906554-04-7

External links[edit]