Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party
|Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party|
|Split from||Slovak Democratic Coalition|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Colours||Blue and white|
|Politics of Slovakia
The Slovak Democratic and Christian Union – Democratic Party (Slovak: Slovenská demokratická a kresťanská únia – Demokratická strana, SDKÚ-DS) is a liberal-conservative and Christian democratic political party in Slovakia. The SDKÚ-DS is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and Centrist Democrat International.
Management of the party
- Pavol Frešo – chairman
- Viliam Novotný – vice-chairman
- Martin Fedor – vice-chairman
- Ivan Štefanec – vice-chairman
- Jozef Mikuš – vice-chairman
- Štefan Kužma – general secretary
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (November 2011)|
SDKÚ-DS is a centre-right party, presenting it self as an alternative to the social-democratic ideology of the Direction – Social Democracy (Smer-SD) party. After the general elections, SDKÚ-DS reached an agreement with other centre-right parties and formed the government of Slovakia. The party has criticised the policies of Robert Fico's Smer-SD party, calling them irresponsible, unsustainable and populist. SDKÚ-DS is the fifth largest party in the National Council. Its policy includes continuing in reforms that took place before 2006, including tax reform, welfare benefits cuts, pensions reform, healthcare reform etc. SDKÚ-DS is currently organised into four sections:
- Team for recovery and modernisation, led by Ivan Mikloš,
- Team for a dignified life, led by Iveta Radičová,
- Anti-crisis team, led by newcomer Eugen Jurzyca,
- Team for law and justice, led by Lucia Žitňanská.
The main partners of SDKÚ-DS are politically similar parties: Christian Democratic Movement, Freedom and Solidarity, and Most-Híd. Until 2012, these parties were in a coalition government with SDKU-DS.
In 1998, SDK was created as coalition of five small centre-right and centre-left parties intending to contest the Slovak parliamentary elections that year. The initial agreement was to form a party with 150 members and dissolve it after elections in 1998. After successful 1998 elections, SDK formed government with KDH, SDĽ and SMK-MKP. This initial agreement was not successful, and Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda (KDH) announced formation of new party - Slovak Democratic and Christian Union (SDKÚ). Some SDK members joined the new party while others returned to their original parties. The new party was registered on 18 February 2000. On 17 November Constitution congress elected Mikuláš Dzurinda as chairman, vice chairmen being Edvard Kukan, Zuzana Martináková, Milan Kňažko and Ľubomír Harach. Gabriel Palacka became responsible for finances.
After its creation, majority of ministers of Slovak government were members of SDKÚ. SDKÚ was considered to be most reform oriented party. Its coalition partners were Party of the Hungarian Coalition, Party of Civic Understanding and Party of the Democratic Left.
In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 18.4% of the popular vote and 31 out of 150 seats in the National Council. Despite losing a large number of votes, party was still able to form coalition government with former partners such as the Christian Democratic Movement, Party of the Hungarian Coalition and new party Alliance of the New Citizen.
For the 2010 parliamentary election, Dzurinda yielded the number-one slot on the party's list to Iveta Radičová, though he remained party chairman. In this election, the party won 15.42% of popular vote corresponding to 28 seats in the National Council. Iveta Radičová become the first female prime minister in history of Slovakia, by forming a new centre-right government consisted of SDKÚ-DS, SaS, MOST-HÍD and KDH. By custom, president Ivan Gašparovič first gave charge to form a new government to winning party SMER-SD and its leader Robert Fico, who was unable to do so. Government collapsed on 11 October 2011 after lost confidence in parliament. Radičová subsequently decided not take candidacy in next elections and served as prime minister until socialist government took office on 4 April 2012.
Mikuláš Dzurinda led party to 2012 parliamentary election. The party was defeated badly, receiving just 6.09% of the votes and losing more than half of its seats. Dzurinda chose to resign from his position as the chairman of SKDU, and a party congress was held on 19 May 2012 so that a new leader could be chosen. Pavol Frešo, Lucia Žitňanská and Viliam Novotný were the candidates, Frešo finally won with 242 out of 404 votes. Lucia Žitňanská received 142 votes and announced she will not be a candidate for the position of vice-chairperson.
|Candidate||first round||% in first round||second round||% in second round|
- Haughton, Tim; Rybář, Marek (2006), All Right Now? Explaining the Successes and Failures of the Slovak Centre-Right, Centre-Right Parties in Post-Communist East-Central Europe (Routledge): 115
- Elisabeth Bakke (2010). Central and East European party systems since 1989. Central and Southeast European Politics since 1989 (Cambridge University Press). pp. 78, 80. ISBN 978-1-139-48750-4.
- Vít Hloušek; Lubomír Kopeček (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. 125–. ISBN 978-0-7546-7840-3.
- http://www.volbysr.sk/nrsr2010/sr/tab3_sk.html (Slovak)
- http://www.volbysr.sk/nrsr2010/sr/tab4_sk.html (Slovak)
- http://www.sme.sk/c/5422317/prezident-dal-ficovi-desat-dni.html (Slovak)