Slovak alphabet

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The Slovak alphabet uses a modification of the Latin alphabet. The modifications include the four diacritics (ˇ, ´, ¨, ˆ) placed above certain letters. Therefore the Slovak alphabet has 46 graphemes.

Vowels[edit]

Letter Letter name IPA English approximation (General American)
A a á /a/ mom
Á á dlhé á /aː/ spa
Ä ä prehlasované á;
a s dvoma bodkami;
široké e
/æ/ bag
E e é /ɛ/ egg
É é dlhé é /ɛː/ leg
I i í /i/ feet
Í í dlhé í /iː/ free
O o o /o/ go
Ó ó ó /oː/ door
Ô ô ô /uo/ u and o together
U u u /u/ moot
Ú ú dlhé ú /uː/ mood
Y y ypsilon /i/ (same as i)
Ý ý dlhý ypsilon /iː/ (same as í)

Consonants[edit]

Letter Letter name IPA English approximation
B b /b/ boss
C c /t͡s/ hits
Č č čé /t͡ʃ/ cheetah
D d /d/ dark
Ď ď ďé /ɟ/ did you
DZ dz dzé /d͡z/ fads
džé /d͡ʒ/ jail
F f ef /f/ fit
G g /ɡ/ girl
H h /ɦ/ hat
CH ch chá /x/ loch
J j /j/ yawn
K k /k/ crown
L l el /l/ lose
Ĺ ĺ1 dlhé el /lː/ bottle
Ľ ľ mäkké el /ʎ/ tortilla
M m em /m/ met
N n en /n/ neck
Ň ň /ɲ/ minion
P p /p/ peck
Q q2 kvé /kv/
R r er /r/ rear
Ŕ ŕ1 dlhé er /rː/
S s es /s/ sick
Š š /ʃ/ shrimp
T t /t/ time
Ť ť mäkké té /c/ bet you
V v /v/ voice
W w2 dvojité vé /v/ (same as the letter v)
X x2 iks /ks/ kicks
Z z zet /z/ zoom
Ž ž žet /ʒ/ pleasure

Notes

  1. The letters Ĺ, ĺ and Ŕ, ŕ indicate long, syllabic consonants. They are similar to Sanskrit syllabic consonants.
  2. The letters Q, W and X are only used in loanwords.

Diphthongs[edit]

Diphthongs are ia, ie, iu, ô.

Computer encoding[edit]

The Slovak alphabet is available within the ISO/IEC 8859-2 “Latin-2” encoding, which generally supports Eastern European languages. All vowels, but none of the specific consonants (that is, no č, ď, ľ, ĺ, ň, ŕ, š, ť, ž) are available within the “Latin-1” encoding, which generally supports only Western European languages.