Slovak lands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Slovak lands as part of Poland in 1003

Slovak lands[1] or Slovakian lands[2] (Slovak: Slovenská zem or shortly Slovensko; Hungarian: Tótország;[3] Polish: Ziemia Słowacka[4] or shortly Słowaczyzna[5]) is the historical denomination for the whole of the Slovak-inhabited territories in Central Europe. It more or less corresponds to modern Slovakia and the adjacent territories in which autochthonous Slovak minorities live.[6]


The term Slovak lands describes Slovak ethnic territory[7] from the 5th century when Slavs inhabited these lands[8] until the time of Czechoslovakia.[9] The term of "Slovak" is problematic in relation of the medieval period, because it is essentially the product of the modern nationalism as it emerged after the 18th century.[10] The Slovaks called their country 'Slovensko' (Slovakia) – the term appears in written documents from as early as the fifteenth century but it was not precisely defined.[11][12]


The key event that decided the fate of the Slovak lands for 1000 years was the tenth-century invasion of Hungarian tribes that occupied the Pannonian Plain and incorporated present-day Slovakia into the Kingdom of Hungary. During the 17th century many[quantify] Germans settled into the Slovak lands [13]

Autonomy of Slovak lands[edit]

Slovak lands acquired autonomous status within Hungarian Democratic Republic at March 11, 1919 by LEX No. XXX. after dissolution of the Kingdom of Hungary. Autonomy was signed by Hungarian president Mihály Károlyi and prime minister Dénes Berinkey.[14]