Slovaks in Serbia
|Regions with significant populations|
|Protestantism, Roman Catholicism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Croats, Serbs, other South Slavs|
Most Slovak live in Kovačica (8,497 Slovaks) and Bački Petrovac (5,773 Slovaks).There are two municipalities in Vojvodina with absolute or relative Slovak majority: Bački Petrovac (66.4% of population) and Kovačica (41%). The towns of Kovačica and Bački Petrovac are the cultural centres of the Slovaks in Vojvodina. Slovak is one of the six official languages of the provincial administration in Vojvodina.
In the 9th century, the northern parts of present-day Vojvodina were part of Great Moravia. During that time, the ethnic border between Slovak and Serb settlements was also somewhere in the northern part of present-day Vojvodina.
The modern Slovaks in Vojvodina are descendants of 18th- and 19th-century settlers, who migrated from the territory of present-day Slovakia. First Slovak settlers from area around Tatra migrated to Bačka during the time of Karlo I; in 1720 Slovaks settled in Bajša, in 1740 in Petrovac and Futog, and in 1742 (during the time of Maria Theresa) in Bezdan. Some of them also later moved to Srem. In 1760, 120 Slovak families were settled in Selenča, but they later moved to Stara Pazova in Srem.
In 1783, Slovaks settled in Kisač, Veprovac, Gložan, and Topola. Part of them also settled in Bajša. In 1790-1791, Slovaks settled in Pivnice, in 1792 in Stara Palanka, and in 1793 in Novi Slankamen. In 1784-1787, Slovaks settled in Slovanski Bardan. Some of them moved in 1788 to Aradac and Ečka, and some of them later also moved to Lalić.
In 1800, Slovaks settled in Kovačica, and in 1806 and 1809 in Padina. In 1806, one group of Slovaks settled in Čoka, and in 1809 in Šupljaja. In 1825, Slovaks settled in Dušanovac, and in 1830 in Stari Lec. In 1850, 20 Slovak families were settled in Grk. In 1868, Slovaks settled in Marienfeld, from where they later moved to Vojlovica. In the same time, some Slovaks also settled in Ivanovo. In 1887, Slovaks were settled in Elizenhajm, and in 1899 in Silađi colony near Apatin.
According to the 1880 census, Slovaks were the sixth largest ethnic group within present-day Vojvodina, and their number was 43,318. Until the end of the First World War, many of the Slovaks were Hungarized. According to the 2011 census, numbering 52,570, Slovaks are the sixth largest ethnic group in Serbia.
- Borislav Jankulov, Pregled kolonizacije Vojvodine u XVIII i XIX veku, Novi Sad - Pančevo, 2003.