Slovene literature

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Slovene literature is the literature written in the Slovene language. It spans across all literary genres with historically the Slovene historical fiction as the most widespread Slovene fiction genre. The Romantic 19th century epic poetry written by the leading name of the Slovene literary canon, France Prešeren, inspired virtually all subsequent Slovene literature.

First written texts in Slovene language[edit]

The Freising Manuscripts, dating from the 10th century, most probably written in upper Carinthia, are the oldest surviving documents in Slovene.
Protestant preacher Primož Trubar, author of the first printed book in Slovene
The Sower (1907) by the Impressionist painter Ivan Grohar is a metaphore for the Slovenes as a vigorous nation in front of an uncertain future[1] and a nation that sows in order that it could harvest.[2]

First written text[edit]

The earliest documents written in a Slovene dialect are the Freising manuscripts (Brižinski spomeniki), dated between 972 and 1022, found in 1803 in Freising, Germany.

First printed books[edit]

The first printed books in Slovene were Catechismus and Abecedarium, written by the Protestant reformer Primož Trubar in 1550 and printed in Tübingen, Germany. Jurij Dalmatin translated the Bible into Slovene in 1584. In the second half of the 16th century Slovene became known to other European languages with the multilingual dictionary, compiled by Hieronymus Megiser. Since then each new generation of Slovene writers contributed to the growing corpus in Slovene language.

Historical periods[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

Folk poetry[edit]

Protestant reformation[edit]

Counter-reformation[edit]

Main article: Tomaž Hren

Baroque[edit]

Age of Enlightenment[edit]

1830–1849[edit]

1849–1899[edit]

Fin-de-siecle[edit]

This period encompasses 1899–1918.

Late realism[edit]

1918–1941[edit]

1918–1926[edit]

1918–1930[edit]

1930–1941[edit]

1941–1945[edit]

1945–1990[edit]

Neo-realism[edit]

Intimism[edit]

Intimism (Slovene: intimizem) was a poetic movement, the main themes of which were love, disappointment and suffering and the projection of poet's inner feelings onto nature.[3] Its beginner is Ivan Minatti, who was followed by Lojze Krakar. The climax of Intimism was achieved in 1953 with a collection of poetry titled Poems of the Four (Pesmi štirih), written by Janez Menart, Ciril Zlobec, Kajetan Kovič and Tone Pavček.[4] An often neglected female counterpart to the four was Ada Škerl, whose subjective and pessimistic poetic sentiment was contrary to the post-war revolutionary demands in the People's Republic of Slovenia.[5]

Modernism[edit]

Postmodernism[edit]

Post 1990[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smrekar, Andrej. "Slovenska moderna" [Slovene Early Modernism] (in Slovene). National Gallery of Slovenia. 
  2. ^ Naglič, Miha (6 June 2008). "Je človek še Sejalec" [Is a Man Still a Sower]. Gorenjski glas (in Slovene). 
  3. ^ Pavlič, Darja (May 2008). "Contextualizing contemporary Slovenian lyric poetry within literary history" (DOC). Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  4. ^ (Slovene) http://gradivo.e-univerza.net/slo/Obdobja/sodobna_slovenska.htm
  5. ^ "Umrla Ada Škerl" [Ada Škerl Deceased]. Delo.si (in Slovene). 1 June 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2011.