Slovenian National Party

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Slovenian National Party
Leader Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti
Founded 17 March 1991
Headquarters Tivolska 13, 1001 Ljubljana
Ideology Slovenian nationalism,
Populism,
Euroscepticism,
Xenophobia[1]
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
European Parliament group None
Colours Blue, Yellow
National Assembly
0 / 90
Municipality mayors
2 / 212
Website
www.sns.si
Politics of Slovenia
Political parties
Elections

The Slovenian National Party (Slovene: Slovenska Nacionalna Stranka, SNS) is an extreme nationalist[1] political party in Slovenia, led by Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti. The party is renowned for its euroscepticism and opposes Slovenia's membership in NATO.[2][3] It also opposes what it considers historical revisionism of events in Slovenia during World War II and, to an extent, is sympathetic towards the former Yugoslav Communist regime of Josip Broz Tito.[4]

Ideology[edit]

Although the party usually refuses to position itself within a left-right political spectrum, its president Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti defined himself as left wing in a 2000 interview for the magazine Mladina.[5] However, the descriptions others have given the party range from left wing[1] to far right.[6][7] According to researchers at the University of Ljubljana, the SNS combines elements of right-wing and left-wing ideology, and is not strictly a left-wing, nor a right-wing party, but nevertheless leans closer to the left.[8]

The party's ideology has been strongly anti-clerical and has advocated a firm laicist position.[9] The party is also generally opposed to gay rights.[10] The party is opposed the privatization of state owned enterprises.[11] The party opposes the introduction of a property tax[11] and supports an increase in the minimum wage.[12] The party has called for a change of the national flag and the coat of arms, feeling that they utilize symbols used by certain WW II paramilitary groups and lack a distinctly Slovenian historical character.[13] The party supports replacing judges' lifetime mandate with an 8 year term.[14] The party is opposed to Slovenia's membership the European Union and NATO.[2][3]

Its leaders have been accused of chauvinist and even racist attitudes towards certain minorities, particularly Slovenia's Romani population.[1][9] In the early 1990s, the party campaigned against allowing refugees from former Yugoslav republics into the country.[15] The party has since moderated its rhetoric,[9] although its leaders continue to voice strongly anti-Croatian positions.[4] Among other things, Jelinčič has proposed that four disputed villages; Bužini, Mlini, Škodelini and Škrile, be placed within the municipality of Piran for the purpose of participating in Slovenian elections.[16] He also advocates improving relationships with Serbia and has opposed the independence of Kosovo.[17] The SNS frequently demands better treatment of Slovene minorities in neighboring countries.[18]

Party foundations and leadership[edit]

The party was founded on 17 March 1991 by Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti, who remains the party's leader.[19][9] The traditional 19th century Kozler map of United Slovenia is one of the official party symbols.[9]

In 1993, dissenting factions broke from the party and formed the Slovenian National Right and the National Party of Labor. Many of the dissenting members were supporters of Slovene Home Guard and objected to Jelinčič's support of the Slovene Partisans.[9] Another split occurred in 2008, when several Slovenian National Party MPs left the party and formed the party "Lipa".[20] These splits did not seriously affect the party's structure, even though the ideologies of both SNS MPs and the party's membership tend to sometimes differ from Jelinčič's stands.

Electoral history[edit]

In the second democratic elections in Slovenia on 6 and 10 December 1992, the SNS received 10.2% of the vote and 12 of the 90 seats in parliament.[21] On 10 November 1996, their share of the vote declined to 3.22% and the party won 4 seats.[22] On 15 October 2000, the party's share of the vote increased to 4.38% and its seats in parliament remained steady at 4.[23] On 3 October 2004, the party's share of the vote increased to 6.27% and the party won 6 seats in parliament.[24] In Slovenian legislative elections on 21 September 2008, the party's share of the vote declined to 5.4% and its seats in parliament dropped to 5.[25] In the Slovenian parliamentary election on 4 December 2011, the party received 1.80% of votes and lost its representation in parliament, as it did not reach the parliamentary threshold of 4%.[26] In the Slovenian parliamentary election on 13 July 2014, the party received 2.21% of votes, but did not win any seats in parliament.[27]

Parliamentary representation:

In the 2002 presidential election, SNS leader Zmago Jelinčič Plemeniti received 8.49% of the vote, placing third.[28] In the 2007 presidential election, Jelinčič increased his share to 19.16% of the vote, but placed fourth.[29]

The SNS received 5.02% of the vote in the 2004 European parliamentary election.[30] The party's share of the vote dropped to 2.85% in the 2009 European parliamentary election.[31] The party's share of the vote increased to 4.04% in the 2014 European parliamentary election, but it did not win any seats.[32]

The party receives support from various strands of society, and has traditionally done well among young voters and residents of the regions near the Italian and Austrian borders.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rizman, Rudolf M. (1999), "Radical Right Politics in Slovenia", The radical right in Central and Eastern Europe since 1989 (Penn State Press): 152, retrieved 14 November 
  2. ^ a b Krupnick, Charles (2003), "Almost NATO: Partners and Players in Central and Eastern European Security" Rowman & Littlefield, p. 98, retrieved 2 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b Aarebrot, Berglund, Sten; Ekman, Joakim; Frank H. (2004), The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe Edward Elgar, p. 342, retrieved 2 June 2014.
  4. ^ a b All Politicians In Croatia Are Animals dalje.com. 20 January 2008. Accessed 2 June 2014
  5. ^ Stranke na robu Mladina. 2 October 2000. Accessed 3 June 2014.
  6. ^ Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010), Origin, ideology and transformation of political parties, Ashgate Publishing, p. 199, retrieved 14 November 2011 
  7. ^ Deloy, Corinne (2011), "The Rightwing Opposition Forces forecast to win in the Slovenian General Elections on 4th December next", European Elections monitor (Fondation Robert Schuman): 2, retrieved 14 November 2011 
  8. ^ Matej Kovačič, Valentina Hlebec, and Samo Kropivnik Perception of Slovenian Political Parties: A Network Approach In: Metodološki zvezki, 17, Ljubljana: FDV, 2002. p. 227-228. Available at: http://mrvar.fdv.uni-lj.si/pub/mz/mz17/kovacic.pdf
  9. ^ a b c d e f Mudde, Cas (2005), "Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe" Psychology Press, p. 227. Accessed 2 June 2014.
  10. ^ Roškarič, Tomi. Istospolne »poroke« v luči novega parlamenta (Same-sex "marriage" in light of the new parliament) Družina. 2 January 2005. Accessed 2 June 2014
  11. ^ a b Finance Aktualizirana Programska Izhodišča Slovenske Nacionalne Stranke Pred Volitvami V Državni Zbor Republike Slovenije 2014. (p. 2) Accessed 3 July 2014
  12. ^ Sociala Aktualizirana Programska Izhodišča Slovenske Nacionalne Stranke Pred Volitvami V Državni Zbor Republike Slovenije 2014. (p. 4) Accessed 3 July 2014
  13. ^ Intervju sa Zmagom Jelincicem, predsjednikom Slovenske nacionalne stranke: Slovenci so Okupirani v Lastni Drzavi Alternativna Infomativna Mreža. 23 January 1994. 2 June 2014.
  14. ^ Pravosodje Aktualizirana Programska Izhodišča Slovenske Nacionalne Stranke Pred Volitvami V Državni Zbor Republike Slovenije 2014. (p. 13) Accessed 3 July 2014
  15. ^ a b Bugajski, Janusz (1994), "Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations, and Parties" M.E. Sharpe, p. 86, retrieved 2 June 2014
  16. ^ Early works of young Jelincic: Political Fishermen and Fishing Politicians Alternativna Infomativna Mreža. 17 October 1994. 2 June 2014.
  17. ^ Slovenian party opposes Kosovo independence b92.net. 7 February 2008. Accessed 2 June 2014.
  18. ^ Slowenische Partei ruft Menschenrechtsgericht zu Verbot der BZÖ DerStandard.at. 28 February 2006. Accessed 12 June 2014.
  19. ^ Columbus, Frank H. (1998), "Central and Eastern Europe in Transition, Volume 1" Nova Publishers, p. 61. retrieved 3 June 2014.
  20. ^ Slovenska tiskovna agencijavsi članki avtorja (01-03- 2008). "Danes ustanovitev stranke Lipa". Finance.si. Retrieved 02-06-2014. 
  21. ^ Slovenia Parliamentary Chamber: Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije - Elections Held in 1992 Inter-Parliamentary Union. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  22. ^ Slovenia Parliamentary Chamber: Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije - Elections Held in 1996 Inter-Parliamentary Union. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  23. ^ Slovenia Parliamentary Chamber: Drzavni Zbor Republike Slovenije - Elections Held in 2000 Inter-Parliamentary Union. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  24. ^ Elections in 2004 Inter-Parliamentary Union. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  25. ^ Drzavni Zbor (National Assembly) - Elections in 2008 Inter-Parliamentary Union. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  26. ^ "Republic of Slovenia Early Elections for Deputies to the National Assembly 2011: Election results". National Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  27. ^ Predčasne Volitve V Državni Zbor 2014 Republika Slovenija - Državna volilna komisija. Accessed 13 July 2014
  28. ^ Dataset: Slovenia: Presidential Election 2002 - round 1 European Election Database. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  29. ^ Slovenia: Presidential Election 2007 - round 1 European Election Database. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  30. ^ Dataset: Slovenia: European Parliament Election 2004 European Election Database. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  31. ^ Dataset: Slovenia: European Parliament Election 2009 European Election Database. Accessed 5 June 2014.
  32. ^ Volitve V Evropski Parlament 2014 Republika Slovenija. Accessed 2 June 2014.

External links[edit]