Slow Food

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Slow Food
The Slow Food logo
Motto Good, clean, and fair.
Formation 1986
Headquarters Bra, Italy
Membership 100,000
President Carlo Petrini
Website slowfood.com

Slow Food is an international movement founded by Carlo Petrini in 1986. Promoted as an alternative to fast food, it strives to preserve traditional and regional cuisine and encourages farming of plants, seeds and livestock characteristic of the local ecosystem. It was the first established part of the broader Slow Movement. The movement has since expanded globally to over 100,000 members in 150 countries.[1] Its goals of sustainable foods and promotion of local small businesses are paralleled by a political agenda directed against globalization of agricultural products.

Slow Food organization[edit]

A restaurant placard, Santorini, Greece

Slow Food began in Italy with the founding of its forerunner organization, Arcigola, in 1986[2] to resist the opening of a McDonald's near the Spanish Steps in Rome.[3] In 1989, the founding manifesto of the international Slow Food movement was signed in Paris, France by delegates from 15 countries.[4]

At its heart is the aim to promote local foods and centuries-old traditions of gastronomy and food production. Conversely this means an opposition to fast food, industrial food production and globalization.[5]

The Slow Food organization has expanded to include over 100,000 members with branches in over 150 countries.[1] Over 1,300 local convivia chapters exist. 360 convivia in Italy — to which the name condotta (singular) / condotte (plural) applies — are composed of 35,000 members, along with 450 other regional chapters around the world. The organizational structure is decentralized: each convivium has a leader who is responsible for promoting local artisans, local farmers, and local flavors through regional events such as Taste Workshops, wine tastings, and farmers' markets.

Offices have been opened in Switzerland (1995), Germany (1998), New York City (2000), France (2003), Japan (2005), the United Kingdom and Chile. Global headquarters are located in Bra, near Turin, Italy. Numerous publications are put out by the organization, in several languages around the world. Recent efforts at publicity include the world's largest food and wine fair, the Salone del Gusto in Turin, a biennial cheese fair in Bra called Cheese, the Genoan fish festival called SlowFish, and Turin's Terra Madre ("Mother Earth") world meeting of food communities.

In 2004, Slow Food opened a University of Gastronomic Sciences[6] at Pollenzo, in Piedmont, and Colorno, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Carlo Petrini and Massimo Montanari are the leading figures in the creation of the University, whose goal is to promote awareness of good food and nutrition.

Objectives[edit]

Slow Food Germany is among the organizers of the yearly demonstrations under the banner We are fed up! in Berlin.[7]

The Slow Food movement incorporates a series of objectives within its mission, including:

  • developing an "Ark of Taste"[5] for each ecoregion, where local culinary traditions and foods are celebrated
  • creating "Praesidia" grassroots organizations to promote slow foods to the public[5]
  • forming and sustaining seed banks to preserve heirloom varieties in cooperation with local food systems
  • preserving and promoting local and traditional food products, along with their lore and preparation
  • organizing small-scale processing (including facilities for slaughtering and short run products)
  • organizing celebrations of local cuisine within regions (for example, the Feast of Fields held in some cities in Canada)
  • promoting "taste education"
  • educating consumers about the risks of fast food
  • educating citizens about the drawbacks of commercial agribusiness and factory farms
  • educating citizens about the risks of monoculture and reliance on too few genomes or varieties
  • developing various political programs to preserve family farms
  • lobbying for the inclusion of organic farming concerns within agricultural policy
  • lobbying against government funding of genetic engineering
  • lobbying against the use of pesticides
  • teaching gardening skills to students and prisoners
  • encouraging ethical buying in local marketplaces

Founder and President Carlo Petrini, believes "everyone has the right to good, clean and fair food." [8] Good, meaning a high quality product with a flavorful taste, clean meaning the naturalness in the way the product was produced and transported and fair, meaning adequate pricing and treatment for both the consumers and producers.

National movements[edit]

Slow Food USA[edit]

Victory Garden at San Francisco Civic Center Plaza

In 2008, Slow Food USA hosted its largest gathering to date dubbed Slow Food Nation in San Francisco.[9]

As of 2013, Slow Food USA has a membership of roughly 12,000, down from over 30,000 in 2008.[citation needed] In 2011 the organization was forced to make a series of staff layoffs and reductions and had faced a significant reduction in their income from wealthy supporters. This was partly attributed to the economic recession, but also to disagreements within the movement and a loss of several key personalities.[10]

Slow Food USA currently has 200 chapters,[11] down from 225 chapters in 2011.[12] These are locally based organizations that hold events and education outreach programs that benefit their communities while carrying out the message of the slow food and advancing the local environmental movement. The movement also encourages the creation of urban gardens.[13]

Beyond the chapters established within the cities in the United States there are a number of Universities that are becoming recognized by Slow Food USA, including the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Slow Food-University of Wisconsin has five projects that are dedicated to the movement's efforts, including a Family Dinner Night, weekly cafe and a Farm to University scheme. From then there have been 46 Slow Food chapters established on campuses of higher education.[14]

Notable members include Alice Waters, Eric Schlosser, and Michael Pollan. The Executive Director is Richard McCarthy.[15]

In 2014, the organization announced a partnership with fast-food chain Chipotle.[16]

Slow Food UK[edit]

Slow Food UK works to raise strategic awareness about sustainability and social justice issues surrounding food & farming in Britain. In 2014 Slow Food UK devolved into Slow Food England, Slow Food Scotland, Slow Food Cymru and Slow Food Northern Ireland. Slow Food UK as an entity provides administrative support to those nations and local groups, and the Slow Food UK Board is now made up of directors from the nations (Shane Holland and Trine Hughes, Directors for England; John Cooke, Director for Scotland; Margaret Rees, Director for Wales; and Claire Marriage and Craig Sams (Chair)) The 27 local groups are led by Slow Food members, who take significant grassroots action in their local communities.

Some of these groups are very large, such as Slow Food London, and run programmes such as the Slow Food Global Schools Twinning Programme which are more akin to the work of a National Office. Slow Food London is also the major campaigning Slow Food body within the UK, responding to every local, national and European consultation on food, fisheries and agriculture; and has even been a co-signatory in Judicial Review against the UK Government in regards to food and farming, retaining a leading firm of solicitors pro-bono on an on-going basis.

Besides running national education programmes, such as Slow Food Kids, and Slow Food on Campus, Slow Food UK National Office co-ordinates fights to preserve British culinary heritage through the Chef Alliance and Forgotten Foods programmes (UK Ark of Taste).[17] The Chef Alliance is a network of chefs committed to protecting Britain's edible biodiversity by cooking with Forgotten Foods, or foods that are produced on a very small scale and are being lost due to commercial varieties overtaking the market.[18] The Forgotten Foods programme is part of the Slow Food International Ark of Taste. In 2014 the Chef Alliance had over 100 members, and over 80 Forgotten Foods.

Slow Food Australia[edit]

The Australian slow food movement aims to increase community awareness of the value from farm to market of good, clean, local food.[19] A campaign is being mounted to have included in Slow Food International's Ark of Taste (nationally nominated threatened produce and food products) the following Australian foods: Kangaroo Island's Ligurian bee honey, the Queensland-native bunya nut, bull-boar sausage from Victoria and Tasmanian Leatherwood honey.[20]

Slow Wine[edit]

In 2010, Slow Food International began its independent Slow Wine project with the release of a wine guide.[21] Prior to 2010, Slow Food worked with publisher Gambero Rosso to release a guide.[22] The first edition of Slow Food's first solo effort[23] was written only in Italian.[citation needed] The guide is an attempt to review not only at the wines but the wineries and the people behind the bottle.[24] There have been two new editions of the guide, now also available in English.[25]

Criticisms[edit]

Slow Food's aims have been compared to the Arts and Crafts movement's response to 19th-century industrialization,.[5] Some of the criticisms aimed at the movement are socioeconomic. For example, without significantly altering the working day of the masses, slow food preparation can be an additional burden to whoever prepares food (often women).[5] In contrast, the more affluent society can afford the time and expense of developing 'taste', 'knowledge' and 'discernment'. Slow Food's stated aim of preserving itself from the "contagion of the multitude" can be seen as elitist.[5]

See also[edit]

Slow movement:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Slow Food International – Good, Clean and Fair Food. Web. 16 Nov. 2011. http://www.slowfood.com.
  2. ^ "Slow Food History: 1986". Slow Food. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  3. ^ Carlo Petrini, Wiiliam McCuaig (trans.), Alice Waters (foreword). (2003) Slow Food: The Case for Taste. New York: Columbia University Press. p. ix.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  4. ^ "Slow Food History: 1989". Slow Food. Retrieved 2013-03-24. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Meneley, Anne (2004). "Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Slow Food". Anthropologica (Canadian Anthropology Society) 6 (2): 170–172. doi:10.2307/25606192. Retrieved 2013-05-07. 
  6. ^ "University of Gastronomic Science". Archived from the original on 2007-02-28. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  7. ^ Official Website of the organisation that organize the demonstrations
  8. ^ Andrews, Geoff. "The Slow Food Story." Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2008.
  9. ^ Severson, Kim (July 23, 2008). "Slow Food Savors Its Big Moment". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-07-23. 
  10. ^ John Birdsall (December 14, 2011). "Cheap Drama at Slow Food". Chow.com. Retrieved 2014-10-13. 
  11. ^ http://www.slowfoodusa.org/local-chapters
  12. ^ "Slow Food USA". Retrieved December 5, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Urban Gardens are Detroit's Hope". Slow Food Detroit. Retrieved 2012-11-20. 
  14. ^ "Slow Food on Campus". Slow Food USA. Retrieved 2011-12-12. 
  15. ^ Julia Moskin. "New Leader for Slow Food USA". New York Times. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  16. ^ http://ir.chipotle.com/mobile.view?c=194775&v=203&d=1&id=1975341
  17. ^ The Ecologist, June 1, 2013 http://www.theecologist.org/green_green_living/1946678/eat_it_or_lose_it_promoting_and_preserving_real_british_food.html
  18. ^ The Independent, May 31, 2013 http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/food-and-drink/features/goosnagh-cake-sea-lavender-honey-medlar-butter--forgotten-foods-making-a-comeback-8638530.html?origin=internalSearch
  19. ^ "Slow Food Australia". Retrieved 2011-01-15. 
  20. ^ "Letting a Golden Opportunity Slip By". Sydney Morning Herald. 3 August 2009. 
  21. ^ Rosen, Maggie (2010-10-20). "Slow Food launches new wine guide". Decanter.com. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  22. ^ "Slow Wine – A New Italian Wine Guide that Looks Beyond the Glass!". Charles Scicolone on Wine. 2012-02-20. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  23. ^ "Slow Food launches new wine guide". Decanter.com. 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  24. ^ Chen, Susannah (2010-10-21). "Slow Food's Wine Guide Highlights Sustainable Vintners". Pop Sugar. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  25. ^ Wilson, Jason (2012-12-24). "The 'Slow Wine' way". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 

Further reading[edit]

  • "Oxford Companion to Food, Slow Food an Excerpt". Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2007-03-04. 
  • Geoff Andrews, "The Slow Food Story: Politics and Pleasure" (2008: London, Pluto Press)
  • Carlo Petrini, "Slow Food Nation: Why Our Food Should Be Good, Clean, and Fair" (2007: Rizzoli International Publications)
  • Carlo Petrini, "Slow Food Revolution: A New Culture for Dining and Living" (2006: Rizzoli International Publications)

External links[edit]