Dutch Topographic map of Sluis, July 2013
Sluis ( pronunciation (help·info)) is the name of both a municipality and a town located in the west of Zeelandic Flanders, in the south-western part of the Netherlands.
The municipality was created on January 1, 2003, by the merger of the former municipalities of Oostburg and Sluis-Aardenburg.
In addition to the town of Sluis itself, the municipality is made up of the following population centres:
A ferry connection across the Westerschelde exists between Breskens and Vlissingen. After the opening of the Westerschelde tunnel near Terneuzen in 2003, the ferry now carries only pedestrian and bicycle traffic.
Sint Anna ter Muiden, with a population of only 50 (2001), is a small village about 1 km west of the town of Sluis, located on the westernmost point of the Netherlands.
Sint Anna ter Muiden and Sluis on the Ferraris map
The town received city rights in 1290. In 1340 the Battle of Sluys was fought nearby at sea.
The population of the city is 2,040 (as of 2001).
Since 2006, Oud Sluis has been one of only two Michelin three-starred restaurants in the entire country.
- Seventeenth-century painter Jacob van Loo was from Sluis.
- Johan Hendrik van Dale, the creator of the Dutch Van Dale dictionary, (Sluis, 15 February 1828 – 19 May 1872)