Smalininkai

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Smalininkai
City
Piers on the neman River in Smalininkai
Piers on the neman River in Smalininkai
Nickname(s): Smolnis
Smalininkai is located in Lithuania
Smalininkai
Smalininkai
Location of Smalininkai
Coordinates: 55°5′0″N 22°34′0″E / 55.08333°N 22.56667°E / 55.08333; 22.56667Coordinates: 55°5′0″N 22°34′0″E / 55.08333°N 22.56667°E / 55.08333; 22.56667
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Samogitia
County Tauragė County
Municipality Jurbarkas district municipality
Eldership Smalininkai eldership
Capital of Smalininkai eldership
First mentioned 15th century
Granted city rights 1945
Population (2007)
 • Total 621
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Smalininkai (About this sound pronunciation ) is a small city in Lithuania. It is situated in the former samogitian part of Memelland on the right-hand shore of the Neman River, 12 km (7.5 mi) west from Jurbarkas. It was part of German East Prussia and was called Schmalleningken. Between 1923 - 1939 and since the World War II it is part of Lithuania.

Name[edit]

The name describes a place of tar and pitch burners ("smala": tar, pitch; -ingken: village).

History[edit]

Since 1422 (Treaty of Melno) Schmalleningken was a border-village at the Lithuanian-German customs frontier. 1792 it was appointed to a market town. 1845 the village became a parish and 1878 a church was built. 1902 a light railway was built from Pogegen to Schmalleningken. The village had in 1925 1,741 inhabitants and was incorporated into the Landkreis Tilsit-Ragnit in 1939.

Literature[edit]

  • Kurschat, Heinrich A.: Das Buch vom Memelland, Siebert Oldenburg 1968