Small-toothed palm civet

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Small-toothed Palm Civet[1]
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Viverridae
Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
Genus: Arctogalidia
Merriam, 1897
Species: A. trivirgata
Binomial name
Arctogalidia trivirgata
(Gray, 1832)
Subspecies

A. t. bancana
A. t. fusca
A. t. inornata
A. t. leucotis
A. t. macra
A. t. major
A. t. millsi
A. t. minor
A. t. simplex
A. t. stigmaticus
A. t. sumatrana
A. t. tingia
A. t. trilineata
A. t. trivirgata

Small-toothed Palm Cive area.png
Small-toothed palm civet range

The small-toothed palm civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata), also known as the three-striped palm civet, is a civet. It lives in dense forests of southeast Asia, from the Assam district of India to Indochina and the Malay Peninsula and on Sumatra, Bangka, Java, Borneo, and numerous small nearby islands of Indonesia.

A monotypic genus, Arctogalidia means ‘bear-weasel’ (from ancient Greek arkto- ‘bear’ + galidia ‘little weasel’). The specific epithet trivirgata means ‘three-striped’ in Latin.

The small-toothed palm civet is mid-sized by the standards of its family, weighing 2.4 kg (5.3 lbs) and measuring 53 cm (21 in) long along the body, plus a tail of 58 cm (23 in). It has short fur that is generally a tawny or buff color while the head is a darker greyish tawny. Its muzzle is brown with a white streak that extends from the nose to the forehead. The back has three distinct black or dark brown stripes running along the length of the body. Only the females have the perineal scent gland, located near the vulva.

The diet is varied and omnivorous, and usually consists of insects, small mammals, nesting birds, fruits, frogs and lizards. Matching the habits of other palm civets, this species is solitary, arboreal and nocturnal. Its gestation period is 45 days, and the average litter size is 3, which are born in dens made in the trees. Young open their eyes at 11 days and are weaned at two months. It can have two litters a year and there is no set mating season. It can live for 11 years. It is threatened primarily by deforestation, as are many Southeast Asian forest animals.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 549–550. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Duckworth, J.W., Timmins, R.J., Roberton, S., Long, B. & Azlan, A. (2008). Arctogalidia trivirgata. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 23 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern