Small Cajal body specific RNA 21

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Small Cajal body specific RNA 21
Predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of SCARNA21
Symbol SCARNA21
Rfam RF00602
Other data
RNA type Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; scaRNA
Domain(s) Eukaryota
GO 0006396 0015030 0005730
SO 0000275

In molecular biology, Small Cajal body specific RNA 21 (also known as scaRNA21 or ACA68) is a small nucleolar RNA found in Cajal bodies and believed to be involved in the pseudouridylation of U12 minor spliceosomal RNA.

scaRNAs are a specific class of small nucleolar RNAs that localise to the Cajal bodies and guide the modification of RNA polymerase II transcribed spliceosomal RNAs U1, U2, U4, U5 and U12.[1]

ACA68 (SCARNA21) is a member of the H/ACA box class of snoRNAs that guide the sites of modification of uridines to pseudouridines. This snoRNA was identified by computational screening and its expression in mouse experimentally verified by Northern blot and primer extension analysis.[2] ACA68 is proposed to guide the pseudouridylation of residue U19 in U12 snRNA.[3]


  1. ^ Darzacq, Xavier; Jády, Beáta E.; Verheggen, Céline; Kiss, Arnold M.; Bertrand, Edouard; Kiss, Tamás (2002). "Cajal body-specific small nuclear RNAs: A novel class of 2'-O-methylation and pseudouridylation guide RNAs". The EMBO Journal 21 (11): 2746–2756. doi:10.1093/emboj/21.11.2746. PMC 126017. PMID 12032087.  edit
  2. ^ Schattner, P.; Barberan-Soler, S.; Lowe, T. M. (January 2006). "A computational screen for mammalian pseudouridylation guide H/ACA RNAs". RNA 12 (1): 15–25. doi:10.1261/rna.2210406. PMC 1370881. PMID 16373490.  edit
  3. ^ Lestrade, Laurent; Weber, Michel J. (2006). "snoRNA-LBME-db, a comprehensive database of human H/ACA and C/D box snoRNAs". Nucleic Acids Research 34 (Supplement 1: Database Issue): D158–D162. doi:10.1093/nar/gkj002. PMC 1347365. PMID 16381836. CiteSeerX:  edit

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