Small nucleolar RNA SNORD19

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Small nucleolar RNA SNORD19
RF00569.jpg
Predicted secondary structure and sequence conservation of SNORD19
Identifiers
Symbol SNORD19
Alt. Symbols snoHBII-108
Rfam RF00569
Other data
RNA type Gene; snRNA; snoRNA; C/D-box
Domain(s) Eukaryota
GO 0006396 0005730
SO 0000593

SNORD19 (also known as HBII-108) is a non-coding RNA (ncRNA) molecule which functions in the biogenesis (modification) of other small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs). This type of modifiying RNA is located in the nucleolus of the eukaryotic cell which is a major site of snRNA biogenesis. It is known as a small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) and also often referred to as a guide RNA.

SNORD19 belongs to the C/D box class of snoRNAs which contain the conserved sequence motifs known as the C box (UGAUGA) and the D box (CUGA). Most of the members of the box C/D family function in directing site-specific 2'-O-methylation of substrate RNAs.[1]

HBII-108 is the human orthologue of the mouse MBII-108[2] and is predicted to guide 2'O-ribose methylation of the small subunit (SSU) ribosomal RNA (rRNA), 18S, on position G683.[3] In the human genome snoRNA HBII-108 is located in the introns of the gene nucleostemin (NS), along with another snoRNA HBII-210.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Galardi, S.; Fatica, A.; Bachi, A.; Scaloni, A.; Presutti, C.; Bozzoni, I. (October 2002). "Purified Box C/D snoRNPs Are Able to Reproduce Site-Specific 2'-O-Methylation of Target RNA in Vitro". Molecular and Cellular Biology 22 (19): 6663–6668. doi:10.1128/MCB.22.19.6663-6668.2002. PMC 134041. PMID 12215523.  edit
  2. ^ Huttenhofer, Alexander; Kiefmann, Martin; Meier-Ewert, Sebastian; O'Brien, John; Lehrach, Hans; Bachellerie, Jean-Pierre; Brosius, Jürgen (1 June 2001). "RNomics: an experimental approach that identifies 201 candidates for novel, small, non-messenger RNAs in mouse". The EMBO Journal 20 (11): 2943–2953. doi:10.1093/emboj/20.11.2943. PMC 125495. PMID 11387227.  edit
  3. ^ Lestrade, Laurent; Weber, Michel J. (2006). "snoRNA-LBME-db, a comprehensive database of human H/ACA and C/D box snoRNAs". Nucleic Acids Research 34 (Supplement 1: Database Issue): D158–D162. doi:10.1093/nar/gkj002. PMC 1347365. PMID 16381836. CiteSeerX: 10.1.1.105.7552.  edit

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