Smart & Final
|Founded||1871, as Hellman, Haas Grocery Co.|
|Headquarters||Commerce, California, United States|
|Area served||California, Oregon, Washington, Arizona, Nevada, Idaho and northern Mexico|
Smart & Final is a chain of warehouse-style food and supply stores based in Commerce, California, which developed through a series of mergers and expansions. The oldest of the combined companies, Hellman-Haas Grocery, was founded in 1871 in Los Angeles. The company has expanded to over 250 stores in the Western United States and northern Mexico. While Smart & Final stores target both the food-service and household markets, the company also operates Cash & Carry Smart Foodservice stores, which markets to foodservice professionals.
Purchased by Abraham Haas (the original owner of the Haas Building in Downtown Los Angeles) and Jacob Baruch, and renamed Haas, Baruch & Co in 1889. By 1895, following introduction of one of the first private label store brands, Iris, the grocer's sales reached $2 million. The business continued to expand with Southern California's growing population for the next two decades.
Founded in 1912, the Santa Ana Grocery Company mainly supplied feed and grain to local farmers. In 1914, J.S. "Jim" Smart, a banker from Saginaw, Michigan, and H.D. "Hildane" Final bought the company and changed the name to Smart & Final Wholesale Grocers. From 1876 to 1913, Jim Smart had been involved with several wholesale grocers in the greater Saginaw area, including Lee, Cady & Smart and Smart & Symons with his brother-in-law, J.W. Symons of Symons Brothers. By 1919, annual sales for Smart & Final had reached $10 million. During the fierce competition among expanding grocers in the 1920s, the company introduced a self-serve concept to replace reliance on clerks to fetch goods. This was called "cash and carry."
In 1953, Smart & Final merged with Haas, Baruch & Co. The current organization is the result of several further mergers, one acquisition (by Thriftimart in 1984), and one spin-off and public offering (1991). The stores in Mexico are operated under a joint venture with Calimax, a major grocery store chain in northwest Mexico.
In 1998, it acquired Portland, Oregon-based United Grocers Cash & Carry, which was renamed Cash & Carry Smart Foodservice. These stores are concentrated in the Pacific Northwest. In 2007, Smart & Final acquired 35 Henry's Farmers Markets in California and Sun Harvest Markets in Texas for about $166 million. In 2007, the company was acquired by Apollo Management.
In March 2010, Smart & Final announced it would expand into the Colorado market under the SmartCo Foods brand, taking over five former Albertsons locations in the Denver metro area with plans for dozens more stores in the coming years. SmartCo stores differed from typical Smart & Final locations in that they were significantly larger and included produce, meat, and bakery departments, as well as a large selection of natural and organic foods. In June 2010, the first SmartCo Foods store opened on Parker Road in Denver, and was said to be tailored for the Colorado market.
In November 2010, only five months after the chain's grand opening, SmartCo Foods announced that it was exiting the Denver market and closing all five of its stores. SmartCo Foods attributed its hasty exit from Denver to poor performance chain-wide without any hope for improvement. However, the withdrawal may have also been partially due to negotiations resulting in the February 2011 acquisition of the Sprouts Farmers Market which had 9 locations in Colorado. The Sprouts chain absorbed the Henry's and Sun Harvest chains to form a new group of over 100 markets in Arizona, California, Colorado, and Texas.
- www.smartandfinal.com/history.html Smart & Final corporate history page
- "Smart & Final Corporate / History; 140 YEARS OF SUPERIOR SERVICE, GROWTH AND SUCCESS". Retrieved December 4, 2011.
- More Takeover Targets By Jack Hough, Smartmoney.com. December 14, 2004
- www.smartandfinal.com/facts.html Smart & Final corporate facts page
- name = "Supermarket News"  Supermarket News
- Smart & Final learns from mistake By MARK ALBRIGHT, St. Petersburg Times, published April 21, 2001
- Smart & Final Inc. to Be Acquired by Apollo Management LOS ANGELES, Feb. 20 /PRNewswire-FirstCall
- Forbes profile Forbes Online
- SmartCo Foods to move in By TONY KINDELSPIRE, Longmont Times-Call, published March 6, 2010
- Grocer SmartCo bails after 5-month run in Denver area by STEVE RAABE, Denver Post, published November 16, 2010
- Smart & Final Reportedly Hires Morgan Stanley For Sale Bloomberg Business Week on-line version, published June 15, 2012
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