A smash cut is a technique in film and other moving visual media where one scene abruptly cuts to another without transition, usually meant to startle the audience. To this end, the smash cut usually occurs at a crucial moment in a scene where a cut would not be expected. To heighten the impact of the cut, a disparity in the type of scene on either side of the cut is often present, going from a fast-paced frenzied scene to a tranquil one, or going from a pleasant scene to a tense one, for example.
An example of a clichéd smash cut is in a murder scene; a knife is raised, and thrust down, with a smash cut to a more peaceful locale (a birthday party, for example) right when impact is expected. Smash cuts are often used when a character wakes up from a nightmare, to simulate the jarring nature of that event. Smash cutting can also be used to comedic effect; for example, directly after a prediction is made, cutting to the future showing the prediction to have been humorously, and often outlandishly wrong.
A Gilligan cut, so named for the TV show Gilligan's Island, is when a character resolutely declares something before a smash cut to a scene of the character doing the exact opposite of what was declared. For example, in The Lion King, Timon says, "What do you want us to do, dress in drag and do the hula?" before the scene cuts to him doing exactly that.
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|