Smila

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This article is about a city in the central Ukraine. For small village in Greece, see Smila, Greece.
Smila
Сміла
City
Flag of Smila
Flag
Coat of arms of Smila
Coat of arms
Smila is located in Ukraine
Smila
Smila
Location of Smila
Coordinates: 49°12′42″N 31°52′23″E / 49.21167°N 31.87306°E / 49.21167; 31.87306Coordinates: 49°12′42″N 31°52′23″E / 49.21167°N 31.87306°E / 49.21167; 31.87306
Country Ukrain
Oblast Cherkasy
Municipality Smila
Founded 1542
City status 1926
Government
 • Mayor Reshetnyak Vadym Volodymyrovych (since 2010)
Area
 • Land 39.85 km2 (15.39 sq mi)
Elevation 101 m (331 ft)
Population
 • Total 68,514
 • Density 1,741.5/km2 (4,510/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 20700
Area code(s) +380 4733
Sister cities Rzhev, Newton, Iowa, Vatutine, Irpin
Website www.smila.ck.ua

Smila is a city located on Dnieper Upland near Tyasmyn River. It is a district center of Cherkasy region. Smila is the biggest transport center of region as huge railway station is located here. Settlements Ploske and Irdynivka are subordinated to Smila city council. During Russian Empire times Smila was township which subordinated to Cherkassy county of Kyiv hubernia.

According to latest statistic data updated at 2011 Smila had population 68,520 people.

Climate[edit]

Climate in the city is moderate continental. Winters are soft with frequent thaws. Summers are warm sometimes without rains. Period with temperatures higher than +10 endures to 170 days. Annual precipitation level is 450–520 mm. Dnieper tributary Tyasmyn River flows through the city. .[1]

History[edit]

Main article: History of Smila

Foundation of Smila[edit]

Smila with its neighbourhood were settled since ancient times. Archeologists discovered a lot of ruins of ancient settlements and numerous mounds located in different parts of Smila and near the city. Two biggest ancient settlements and 44 mounds were first researched during 1879–1883 years by O. O. Bobrynsky, grandson of Smila owner, earl Olexiy Olexiyovich Bobrynsky. These finds belong partly to Stone Age and partly to Bronze age.

Official foundation date of Smila is 1542. Grand Duchy of Lithuania documents tell us that settlement Yatzkove-Tyasmyno founded on hamlet base at 1542. Name Smila is known since first half of the 17th century.

City’s name is connected with local legend first recorded by earl L. O. Bobrynsky: "Unknown girl led warriors through heavy swamp showing route to the enemy. Battle was very bloody. They killed a lot of enemies there but they couldn’t save brave girl. They buried her near Tyasmyn and called her Smila. Then warriors honoured her in the city’s name."

Cossack Hetmanate[edit]

During 1648 — 1667  this squadron town belonged to Chygyryn Regiment. At 1654 Russian tsar ratified Pereyaslav colonel Pavlo Teteria as owner of the town. During 1658-1659 Danylo Vyhovsky changed Teterya on ruling position. Chudniv treatise of 1660 renewed Polish power on this land. Smila becomes ownership of Stanislav Koniecpolski as part of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Constant wars between Polish owners, Tatarians, Turkish, Russian patriots and with Sweden [2] led to demolition of Smila. (More The Ruin) Further owners of Smila, princes Lubomirski built wooden castle with arbor and palisade around the whole city at 1742. During 30 — 60 years of 18th century Smila population took part in Haidamaka movement. At 1787 prince Xaveriy Lubomirski sells land asround Smila to Russian prince Potyomkin. Six years later Smila becomes ownership of Potyonmkin’s nephew, earl Alexander Samoylov. Two years later population of Smila increases to 1747 people with 50 crafters, 9 shoemakers, 6 weavers, 8 tailors. Others were peasants.

Economy[edit]

The economic emphasis is on mechanical engineering, and the food industry is also of importance.

Smila, where the KievDnipropetrovsk and OdessaRussia rail routes cross, is one of the most important railway junctions in Ukraine. The large station at the junction is named after Ukraine's national poet, Taras Shevchenko.

Gallery[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Ukrainian) (1972) Icтopia мicт i ciл Укpaїнcькoї CCP - Черкаськa область (History of Towns and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR - Cherkasy Oblast), Kiev.

External links[edit]