Smila, Ukraine

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Smila
Сміла
City
Flag of Smila
Flag
Coat of arms of Smila
Coat of arms
Smila is located in Ukraine
Smila
Smila
Location of Smila
Coordinates: 49°12′42″N 31°52′23″E / 49.21167°N 31.87306°E / 49.21167; 31.87306Coordinates: 49°12′42″N 31°52′23″E / 49.21167°N 31.87306°E / 49.21167; 31.87306
Country  Ukraine
Oblast  Cherkasy Oblast
Municipality Smila
Founded 1542
City status 1926
Government
 • Mayor Kolesnyk Andriy Valeriyovych
Area
 • Land 39.85 km2 (15.39 sq mi)
Elevation 101 m (331 ft)
Population
 • Total 68,514
 • Density 1,741.5/km2 (4,510/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 20700
Area code(s) +380 4733
Sister cities Rzhev, Newton, Iowa, Vatutine, Irpin
Website www.smila.ck.ua

Smila (Ukrainian: Смiла, Russian: Смела) is a city located on the Tyasmyn River in the Cherkasy Oblast (province) of central Ukraine. The city is itself a raion (district) within the oblast as well as serving as the administrative centre of the wider Smila Raion. It is located 23 km (14 mi) from the oblast's capital, Cherkasy.

Smila had an estimated population in 2006 of 69,400.

History[edit]

According to legend, during one of the numerous Golden Horde raids, a local girl guided the Kievan Rus' army to the rear of the invaders. The enemies were defeated but the girl was killed by one of their arrows. Nobody knew her name, so that when a colony was later established at the place, the settlers named it simply Smila (from the Ukrainian smila, meaning "brave girl") in her honour.

The settlement was first mentioned in the 16th century when it was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. In 1648–54 Smila was a squadron town of the Chyhyryn regiment of Cossacks. In 1773 the city obtained Magdeburg rights and in 1795 it became a part of the Russian Empire.

Smila saw rapid development following the opening of a railway line through the city in 1876, but in the 20th century it suffered repeated devastations: in World War I, in the Ukrainian famine of 1932–33 (the Holodomor), and in World War II. During World War II, Smila was occupied by the German Army from August 4, 1941 to January 29, 1944. Economic depression also followed the fall of the Soviet Union: in the 1990s, industrial production fell by over 70% and Smila lost more than 10% of its population. Each time, however, the city recovered, and Smila is now once again experiencing growth.

Economy[edit]

The economic emphasis is on mechanical engineering, and the food industry is also of importance.

Smila, where the KievDnipropetrovsk and OdessaRussia rail routes cross, is one of the most important railway junctions in Ukraine. The large station at the junction is named after Ukraine's national poet, Taras Shevchenko.

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Ukrainian) (1972) Icтopia мicт i ciл Укpaїнcькoї CCP - Черкаськa область (History of Towns and Villages of the Ukrainian SSR - Cherkasy Oblast), Kiev.

External links[edit]