Smith–Ninth Streets (IND Culver Line)

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Smith–Ninth Streets
NYCS F NYCS G
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Smith9thReopening.jpg
Reopening day
Station statistics
Address Smith Street & Ninth Street
Brooklyn, NY 11231
Borough Brooklyn
Locale Gowanus
Coordinates 40°40′27.30″N 73°59′48.63″W / 40.6742500°N 73.9968417°W / 40.6742500; -73.9968417Coordinates: 40°40′27.30″N 73°59′48.63″W / 40.6742500°N 73.9968417°W / 40.6742500; -73.9968417
Division B (IND)
Line IND Culver Line
Services       F all times (all times)
      G all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Elevated
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 4 (2 in regular service)
Other information
Opened October 7, 1933; 80 years ago (October 7, 1933)
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 926,087[1] Increase 100%
Rank 369 out of 421
Station succession
Next north Carroll Street: F all times G all times
Next south Fourth Avenue: F all times G all times

Smith–Ninth Streets is a local station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway. It is located over the Gowanus Canal between Smith and Ninth Streets in Gowanus, Brooklyn and is served by the F and G trains at all times.

This elevated station, opened on October 7, 1933, has four tracks and two side platforms. The center express tracks are not used in revenue service.

Description and history[edit]

With an elevation of 87.5 feet (26.7 m), this station is the highest subway station above ground level in the world.[2][3] It is not, however, the highest subway station above sea level. This elevation was required by now-defunct navigation regulations for tall-mast shipping on the Gowanus Canal. The bridge rises straight up on four towers by cables. West (railroad north) of this station, the IND Culver Line curves north and enters a tunnel into Carroll Street station. This station and the next station south, Fourth Avenue, were the only original elevated stations built by the IND. All other IND stations were either built underground or taken over from their original owners.[4]

This station and elevated structure are made entirely of concrete. There were green mosaics along the concrete platform walls reading “Smith–9th St” in white sans-serif lettering, which were replaced with laminated replicas during renovations.[5] A close examination of the canopied area suggests windows existed in the past. These were covered for many years and are now open air with safety grates. The station house is on ground level on the west side of Smith Street between Ninth and Tenth Streets. Inside, there is a turnstile bank, token booth, and three long escalators and one staircase going up to a landing, where three more long escalators and one staircase perpendicular for the first set go up to a crossunder. A single staircase then goes up to the western end of either platform.

In 2007, the MTA announced a three-year renovation project of the elevated Culver Viaduct and for twenty-seven months, this station would be fully or partially closed.[6][7] On January 18, 2011, the second phase of the Culver Viaduct rehabilitation project began, resulting in the closure of the Manhattan-bound platform. This required northbound trains to use the express track and stop at a temporary platform placed over the local track. This shorter platform could only accommodate G trains; F trains bypassed this station on the same track. On June 20, 2011, the station was closed entirely and did not reopen until April 26, 2013.[8][9] The MTA says some work will continue after the station reopens but it will not affect service. Residents lobbied for an elevator in the station during the renovation, but installation of an elevator was too costly and prohibitive, according to the MTA.[10]

The station was the southern terminus of G service until 2009. On July 5, 2009, the G was extended south at all times to Church Avenue. This was required for overhaul of the Culver Viaduct. On July 19, 2012, the MTA announced that this extension would be permanent.[11] G trains would switch to the southbound express track west of Fourth Avenue. They would then reverse direction and re-enter Smith–Ninth Streets on the northbound local track, using switches west of Fourth Avenue.

Station layout[edit]

4F Side platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound local NYCS F toward Jamaica – 179th Street (Carroll Street)
NYCS G toward Court Square (Carroll Street)
Northbound express No regular service
Southbound express No regular service
Southbound local NYCS F toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue (Fourth Avenue)
NYCS G toward Church Avenue (Fourth Avenue)
Side platform, doors will open on the right
3F - Crossunder between platforms
2F - Escalator mezzanine
1F Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
G Street Level Exit/Entrance

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-27. 
  2. ^ Rebuilding the Culver Viaduct
  3. ^ BROOKLYN!!, Summer 2013 issue, p.7, caption on photo from station reopening celebration, www.brooklyn-usa.org
  4. ^ Crazy Train: NYC's Weirdest Subway Stations
  5. ^ SMITH-9th STREET STATION – RED HOOK Part 1
  6. ^ Maldonado, Charles (November 16, 2007). "MTA Gives Brooklyn Board Bad News About Smith–9th St. Closure, F-Train Express". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  7. ^ McLaughlin, Mike (November 24, 2007). "Fix for Fourth Avenue station looks F’ing great". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  8. ^ Smith-9th Sts F/G Station Returns to Service
  9. ^ http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/26/citys-highest-subway-station-reopens
  10. ^ Photos: Smith-9th Street Station Finally Reopens But Isn't Handicap Accessible
  11. ^ O'Neill, Natalie (July 19, 2012). "G wiz! MTA plans to save the G train extension!". The Brooklyn Paper. Retrieved 2012-07-21. 

External links[edit]