Smith's Fort Plantation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Warren House
Smith's Fort Plantation.jpg
Front Elevation of 1751 Main House (photo by United States Department of the Interior)
Location Surry County, Virginia, United States of America
Coordinates 37°9′50″N 76°49′12″W / 37.16389°N 76.82000°W / 37.16389; -76.82000Coordinates: 37°9′50″N 76°49′12″W / 37.16389°N 76.82000°W / 37.16389; -76.82000
Built 1751
Architect unknown
Governing body Preservation Virginia
NRHP Reference # 69000341[1]
VLR # 090-0022
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 14, 1973
Designated VLR October 16, 1973[2]
Smith's Fort
Nearest city Surry, Virginia
Area 5 acres (2.0 ha)
Built 1609 (1609)
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 70000827[1]
VLR # 090-0022
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 15, 1970
Designated VLR December 2, 1969[2]

Smith's Fort Plantation is a house and parcel of land located in Surry County, Virginia, United States. The current main house on the property, also known as the Faulcon House, dates from 1751. The house has been an example for numerous twentieth century reproductions.[3] It is also known as Warren House and Rolfe-Warren House.[4]

History[edit]

The plantation received its name because it was the location of Captain John Smith's "New Fort," built in 1609, located directly across the James River from the Jamestown colony. The fort was quickly abandoned due to dry rot and a rat infestation.[3] The same land was later given by Chief Powhatan to John Rolfe as a dowry for the hand of Pocahontas when Rolfe and Pocahontas married. Archaeological surveys of the property have revealed that a number of structures have existed on the property and the present, restored main house was built by Jacob Faulcon in 1751.[5]

Smith's Fort Plantation house, 2014

Preservation[edit]

The property and current house was acquired by Preservation Virginia (formerly known as the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities) in 1933 after undergoing restoration funded by John D. Rockefeller, Jr..[3] It is currently open as a museum with furnishings from the late 16th through the early 18th centuries. The property serves as a host to the annual Old Virginia Christmas-Festival of Crafts.

Archaeological Investigations[edit]

Smith wrote of this fort that it was "neere a convenient River upon high commanding hill, very hard to be assaulted an easie to be defended." The Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquites maintains the site now, whose location matches Smith's description. Hume suggests that it makes sense that Smith's description of the fort as a "retreat," makes this site a likely spot for trading parties to seek refuge.

Archaeological investigations over the site have been limited to the excavations of a ditch and a highly eroded rampart. Further archaeological work to determine if this site was indeed the site of Smith's fort would be necessary. Hume notes that this site does seem to be the site of Smith's fort because the construction type is very similar in nature to the types of earthworks built on Ronoake Island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2006-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Preserving Virginia 1889-1989: Centennial Pictorial. Virginia: The Art Band. 1989. p. 11. 
  4. ^ Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff (July 1974). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Warren House". Virginia Department of Historic Resources.  and Accompanying photo
  5. ^ Hume, Ivor. The Virginia Adventure'.' Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1994.

External links[edit]