Smithfield, Rhode Island
|Smithfield, Rhode Island|
Location of Smithfield in Providence County, Rhode Island
|• Total||27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)|
|• Land||26.6 sq mi (68.9 km2)|
|• Water||1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)|
|Elevation||400 ft (122 m)|
|• Density||805.6/sq mi (311.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||02828, 02917|
|GNIS feature ID||1219817|
Smithfield is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It includes the historic villages of Esmond, Georgiaville, Mountaindale, Hanton City, Stillwater and Greenville. The population was 21,430 at the 2010 census.
The area comprising modern-day Smithfield was first settled in 1636 by several British colonists, including John Steere as a farming community and named after Smithfield, London. The area was within the boundaries of Providence until 1731 when Smithfield was incorporated as a separate town. Chief Justice Peleg Arnold lived in early Smithfield, and his 1690 home stands today. There was an active Quaker community in early 18th century Smithfield that extended along the Great Road, from what is today Woonsocket, north into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts. This Quaker community, and its members, became influential in the abolition movement, with members such as Effingham Capron and Abby Kelley Foster, and also gave rise to other Quaker settlements including one at Adams, Massachusetts where Susan B. Anthony was born as an early member. Elizabeth Buffum Chace is a well-known person from Smithfield who was influential in both abolition of slavery, and the women's rights movement. In the 19th century several mills were built in the town. In the mid-19th century the towns of North Smithfield, Rhode Island, and Lincoln, Rhode Island, became separate towns. The colonial ghost town of Hanton City is located within the boundaries of present-day Smithfield, but was a completely separate community in the eighteenth century. A Revolutionary war soldier, from the Smithfield side of the Massachusetts border, Captain James Buxton, ended up as a Massachusetts militiaman and Continental Army veteran, who was deeded 300 acres in Worcester County by Governor John Hancock. For this reason Buxton was lost to the history of Rhode Island Revolutionary soldiers.(see South Uxbridge history). Buxton served at Valley Forge among other battles.
Smithfield contains several public elementary schools and a public high school, which was ranked 17th out of 52 high schools in Rhode Island in 2006. St. Phillip's School, a private Roman Catholic academy offering education in grades K-8, is situated in Greenville. Mater Ecclesiae College, a Catholic college, is also located in the town in a facility that was formerly the St. Aloysius Orphanage.
Bryant University, a private university with programs in business and the arts and sciences, is located in Smithfield.
In 1971, the University moved to its current campus in Smithfield when the founder of Tupperware, Earl Silas Tupper, a Bryant alumnus, donated the current 428 acres (1.73 km2) of land to be the new campus. The famous Bryant Archway was also relocated. The old Emin Homestead and Captain Joseph Mowry homestead occupied much of the land that makes up the present day Smithfield campus. The land was purchased and farmed for three generations between the late 19th century and the mid-20th century. Today, many descendants of the original Emin settlers still live near the Bryant campus. The school also claims a handful of family members as alumni and offers a scholarship for accounting students as a tribute to the Emin family. Historical pictures of the Emin Homestead can still be found in the Alumni house. 
- Cyrus Aldrich, (1808–1871), born in Smithfield, United States Congressman from Minnesota
- Peleg Arnold, (1751 - 1820), delegate to the Continental Congress
- Sullivan Ballou, (1829-1861) , Civil War Officer and author of the Sullivan Ballou Letter
- Adin B. Capron, (1841 - 1911), United States Congressman
- Elizabeth Buffum Chace, (1806–1899) activist in the Anti-Slavery, Women's Rights, and Prison Reform Movements of the mid to late 19th century
- Ronald K. Machtley, (born 1948), United States Congressman
- Daniel Mowry, Jr., (1729 - 1806), delegate to the Continental Congress
- James W. Nuttall, (born 1953), United States Army Major General who served as Deputy Director of the Army National Guard and Deputy Commander of First Army
- Arthur Steere, (1865-1943), politician, businessman
- Don Orsillo, (born 1968), play-by-play announcer for Boston Red Sox games on the New England Sports Network (NESN)
- David Wilkinson, (1771-1852), co-builder of Slater Mill
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- *The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution Volume, 15 page 7 Mrs. Ella S. Anderson Freeman. DAR ID Number: 149020 4 James Buxton (1745–1817) commanded a company in Col. Benjamin Tupper's regiment, Massachusetts troops. He was born and died in Smithfield, R. I. Also No. 127831. View full context
- Bryant’s push to grow | Rhode Island news | projo.com | The Providence Journal | Skiing
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
- "ARNOLD, Peleg, (1751 - 1820)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Sullivan Ballou Letter". PBS. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "CAPRON, Adin Ballou, (1841 - 1911)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "Elizabeth Buffum Chace and Lillie Chace Wyman". Quahog.org. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "MACHTLEY, Ronald K., (1948 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "MOWRY, Daniel, Jr., (1729 - 1806)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- J.H. Beers & Company (1908). Representative Men and Old Families of Rhode Island: Genealogical Records and Historical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens and of Many of the Old Families. J.H. Beers & Company. p. 1643.
- "Don Orsillo is right at home in the kitchen". Boston Globe. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
- "David Wilkinson". ASME. Retrieved March 28, 2014.
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