Smithfield Street Bridge

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Smithfield Street Bridge
Smithfield Street Bridge.jpg
Smithfield Street Bridge
Carries 4 lanes of roadway
2 pedestrian walkways
Crosses Monongahela River
Locale Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Design Lenticular truss bridge
Total length 1,184 feet (361 m)
Longest span 2 spans, 360 feet (110 m) each
Clearance below 42.5 feet (13.0 m)
Opened March 19, 1883
Smithfield Street Bridge
Smithfield Street Bridge is located in Pennsylvania
Smithfield Street Bridge
Location Smithfield St. at the Monongahela River, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Coordinates 40°26′5″N 80°0′8″W / 40.43472°N 80.00222°W / 40.43472; -80.00222Coordinates: 40°26′5″N 80°0′8″W / 40.43472°N 80.00222°W / 40.43472; -80.00222
Area 1 acre (0.40 ha)
Built 1883
Architect Gustav Lindenthal
Architectural style Other, Romanesque, Pauli truss
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 74001745[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP March 21, 1974
Designated CPHS February 22, 1977[2]

The Smithfield Street Bridge is a lenticular truss bridge crossing the Monongahela River in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

The bridge was designed by Gustav Lindenthal, the engineer who later designed the Hell Gate Bridge. The bridge was built between 1881–83, opening for traffic on March 19, 1883.[3] It was widened in 1889 and widened again in 1911. The bridge has been designated a National Historic Civic Engineering Landmark, a National Historic Landmark, and has a Historic Landmark Plaque from the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation.

History[edit]

The present bridge is the third bridge at the site and remains the second oldest steel bridge in the United States.[citation needed] In 1818, a wooden bridge was built across the Monongahela by Louis Wernwag at a cost of $102,000. This bridge was destroyed in Pittsburgh's Great Fire of 1845. The second bridge on the site was a wire rope suspension bridge built by John A. Roebling. Increases in both bridge traffic and river traffic eventually made the lightly built bridge with eight short spans inadequate. The present Lindenthal bridge was built in its place, using the Roebling bridge's stone masonry piers.

The Smithfield Street Bridge is the second-to-last of the many bridges which span the Monongahela before the river joins with the Allegheny River to form the Ohio River at Downtown Pittsburgh. The Fort Pitt Bridge is further downstream of it.

The bridge also served the Pittsburgh Railways streetcar system with lines coming from the Mt. Washington Transit Tunnel and from Carson Street crossing the bridge and continuing into downtown along Grant Street and Smithfield Street, returning to the bridge via Wood Street or Grant Street. The tracks occupied the eastern half of the bridge. The streetcar line was abandoned in July 1985, when the streetcars were diverted to the Panhandle Bridge and the new light rail subway, on July 7. The last day of streetcar service on downtown Pittsburgh streets and over the Smithfield Street Bridge was July 6, 1985, although the final crossing of the bridge by a streetcar did not take place until 1:40 a.m. on July 7.[4] The former streetcar right-of-way was then converted into a paved roadway for northbound traffic.

The bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 21, 1974. Two years later, on May 11, 1976, it was designated a National Historic Landmark.[5]

The bridge's short clearance from the river as well as its deteriorated condition convinced PennDOT officials to demolish the bridge and to replace it with a modern bridge. Lobbying by Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation on the merits of preserving the bridge were considered by officials. In 1994–1995 the bridge was rehabilitated with a new deck, a colorful paint scheme, and architectural lighting. The abandoned rail lines became an extra traffic lane and there was an addition of a light-controlled bus lane which is activated during peak traffic hours.[6] The bridge also has the distinction of being the most heavily walked pedestrian bridge, mostly commuters that park at Station Square.

The bridge connects Smithfield Street in Downtown Pittsburgh with Station Square.

Image gallery[edit]

Popular culture[edit]

The bridge is featured in the 1993 Bruce Willis film Striking Distance, the opening scene of the 1983 film "Flashdance" and the 2010 rap video Black and yellow.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Local Historic Designations". Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation. Retrieved 2011-08-09. 
  3. ^ "Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County - Historic American Engineering Record Smithfield Street Bridge, Pittsburgh (PA-2)". 1974. Retrieved November 7, 2009. 
  4. ^ Sellin, M.V. and Morgan, S.J. (May 1986). "Pittsburgh light rail progess". Modern Tramway and Light Rail Transit, p. 164. UK: Ian Allan Publishing.
  5. ^ "Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State: Pennsylvania" (PDF). National Park Service. June 2013. p. 5. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  6. ^ Carquinez Associates, U.S. Urban Rail Transit Lines Opened From 1980

External links[edit]