Smithville, Atlantic County, New Jersey
|Smithville, New Jersey|
Oliphant Grist Mill at Smithville Village Greene
|Nickname(s): Historic Smithville|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||5.055 sq mi (13.091 km2)|
|• Land||5.001 sq mi (12.952 km2)|
|• Water||0.054 sq mi (0.139 km2) 1.06%|
|Elevation||13 ft (4 m)|
|• Density||1,448.2/sq mi (559.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||08201, 08205|
|GNIS feature ID||02584030|
|Website||Historic Smithville & Village Greene|
Smithville is a census-designated place (CDP) and unincorporated community located within Galloway Township, in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, that was established as part of the 2010 United States Census. Smithville is located 15 miles (24 km) north of and inland from Atlantic City. As of the 2010 Census, the CDP's population was 7,242.
Although Smithville has existed as a community since the American Revolutionary War, most of the community remained very rural until the 1960s when the Smithville Towne Center, a tourist attraction containing over 80 shops, opened. The Towne Center was expanded to include numerous rides and other shops named "The Village Greene", which was the centerpiece of a large planned community developed since the 1980s.
Smithville is located at United States Census Bureau, Smithville had a total area of 5.055 square miles (13.091 km2), of which, 5.001 square miles (12.952 km2) of it is land and 0.054 square miles (0.139 km2) of it (1.06%) is water.(39.494939,-74.478633). According to the
Smithville is located in the New Jersey Pine Barrens.
Smithville has existed as a community since the American Revolutionary War. As a 37-acre mill owned by Jacob Parker in 1776, he went on to build a dam, saw mill, grist, and a home. In 1802, the property was sold to John Mullen. Then in 1816, the property was sold again, this time to Charles French. Throughout the next several years, the mill and grist continued in operation. By 1831, the property was again sold to two brothers, Samuel and Jonathan E Shreve. They took the original 37 acres and then bought an additional seven to developing a cotton cloth, manufacturing business, naming the town Shreveville. On December 6, 1865, Hezekiah Bradley Smith purchased Shreveville. Working closely with a woman by the name of Agnes Gilkerson who had worked in a mill in Lowell, they worked hard to convert the town into an industrial center. The H.B. Smith Machine Company was incorporated in 1878. This company soon became the patent holder for 150 different types of machinery and more than 30 inventions. Agnes, “Madam Smith”, founded the New Jersey Mechanic, which is a trade journal published Shreveville was renamed Smithville. All through the 1880s, Smith continued moving forward in the area of transportation. Bicycles and tricycles were produced, one even being steam-powered. Then in 1887, a tricycle was built to run on kerosene. Always looking for new things to invent, Smith built the “Star” bicycle in 1881, which was invented by a man named George W. Pressey. The trails of progress continued to be blazed by Smith, pushing him to run for Congress in 1878 for the Democratic Party,he won. However, Smith ran for reelection two years later but this time he did not win. Instead, he joined the New Jersey State Senate where he held office from 1883 to 1885. Agnes died in 1881, Smith died in 1887. The mansion was occupied until 1962 at which time Mr. and Mrs. Louis Thomas purchased it and converted it into apartments. You can take a tour of the mansion from May through October, being able to walk the very grounds worked so hard and long by Smith. Additionally, in December, there are wonderful tours called Victorian Christmas where the mansion is beautifully decorated for the holiday.
James Baremore built what is now the Smithville Inn in 1787, a single room along a well-traveled stagecoach route. However, historians debate whether it was originally planned as an inn. By 1874 the inn had grown to six times its original size. Its success was well established, but it was eventually abandoned at the turn of the 1900s. In 1952, a local couple purchased the inn and restored the building, opening it as a restaurant with 42 seats. The inn was declared a historic landmark in 1964 by the U.S. Department of the Interior.
Around the 1960s, the owners of the Smithville Inn decided to expand the site into a historical attraction, similar to Colonial Williamsburg. Several historic buildings from around South Jersey were brought to the site, restored, and converted into shops and attractions.
In 1990, the newly formed Smithville Development Company began construction on the second part of the Smithville Towne Center, named "The Village Greene", which includes more stores and other activities, such as paddleboats, miniature golf, a carousel, an old-fashioned steam train, and several other attractions. In addition to The Village Greene, the company embarked on a Planned Unit Development containing 6,800 condominium units. Due to legal disagreements, the number of units was reduced to 4,000. Soon after, a recession forced the construction to stop in 1991, leaving around 1,600 completed units. In 1995, the remaining land was sold to KHovnanian of Red Bank. KHovnanian reduced the number of planned residences from 2,500 condominium units to a 2,000-unit retirement community. The project was later renamed "Four Seasons at Historic Smithville", which was built in several phases.
|Population sources: 2010|
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 7,242 people, 3,282 households, and 2,084 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,448.2 per square mile (559.2/km2). There were 3,548 housing units at an average density of 709.5 per square mile (273.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.53% (5,615) White, 10.37% (751) Black or African American, 0.07% (5) Native American, 7.71% (558) Asian, 0.04% (3) Pacific Islander, 2.13% (154) from other races, and 2.15% (156) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.95% (576) of the population.
There were 3,282 households, of which 19.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the CDP, 16.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 29.7% from 45 to 64, and 25.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.6 years. For every 100 females there were 85.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.3 males.
Smithville is accessible via exit 48 of the Garden State Parkway (southbound only) by way of U.S. Route 9 (New York Road) and via the Atlantic City Service Area off the Parkway (mile 41), by following Jimmie Leeds Road (County Route 561) east to Route 9 north.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Smithville include:
- Mushond Lee (born 1967), actor who appeared on The Cosby Show and in the film Lean on Me
- Enoch Johnson or "Nucky" Johnson was born in Smithville, although he was most associated with Atlantic City.
- Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 13, 2013.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Smithville Census Designated Place, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Smithville CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for Smithville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 16, 2013.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2013.
- 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2013.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, p. III-3, August 2012. Accessed June 16, 2013.
- Garbarine, Rachelle (May 4, 1997). "Huge 16-Year Smithville Project Under Way Again". The New York Times.
- Atlantic County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed September 19, 2012.
- Toner, Noreen. "SMITHVILLE'S OWN LEE BROTHERS FIND HOLLYWOOD SUCCESS", The Press of Atlantic City, October 7, 1992. Accessed January 31, 2011. "When you reach for your TV book this evening, check the 8 p.m. listing for today's episode of 'Beverly Hills, 90210.' You may recognize the name of someone you know. Namely, that of Mushond Lee, a 1989 Absegami High School graduate who grew up in Smithville."
- Historic Smithville & Village Green website
- Smithville History and Information
- Shoobees Guide to Smithville