Snapshot hyperspectral imaging

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Snapshot (or "non-scanning") hyperspectral imaging[1] is a method of capturing hyperspectral images during a single integration time of a detector array, so that no scanning is involved. The lack of moving parts allows snapshot techniques to avoid motion artifacts, but all such instruments require detector arrays with a large number of pixels. Although the first known reference to a snapshot hyperspectral imaging device—the Bowen "image slicer" dates from 1938,[2] the concept did not provide an advantage for most users, due to the limited number of pixels available. With the arrival of large-format detector arrays in the late 1980s and early 1990s, a series of new snapshot hyperspectral imaging techniques were developed to take advantage of the new technology: a method which uses a fiber bundle at the image plane and reformatting the fibers in the opposite end of the bundle to a long line,[3] viewing a scene through a 2D grating and reconstructing the multiplexed data with computed tomography mathematics,[4] the (lenslet-based) integral field spectrograph,[5] a modernized version of Bowen's image slicer.[6] More recently, a number of research groups have attempted to advance the technology in order to create devices capable of commercial use. These newer devices include a multiaperture spectral filter approach,[7] a compressive-sensing based approach using a coded aperture,[8] a microfaceted-mirror-based approach,[9] a generalization of the Lyot filter,[10] and a generalization of the Bayer filter approach to multispectral filtering [11]

While snapshot instruments are featured prominently in the research literature, none of these instruments have seen wide adoption in commercial use (i.e. outside the professional astronomical community) due to manufacturing limitations. Thus, their primary venue continues to be astronomical telescopes. One of the main reasons for the popularity of snapshot devices in the astronomical community is that they offer large increases in the light collection capacity of a telescope when performing hyperspectral imaging.[12][13]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ N. Hagen and M. W. Kudenov, "Review of snapshot spectral imaging technologies", Optical Engineering 52: 090901 (2013).
  2. ^ I. S. Bowen, "The image slicer, a device for reducing loss of light at slit of stellar spectrograph", Astrophysical Journal 88: 113-124 (1938).
  3. ^ S. C. Barden and R. A. Wade, "DensePak and spectral imaging with fiber optics", in Fiber Optics in Astronomy, Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series 3: 113-124 (1988).
  4. ^ Takayuki Okamoto and Ichirou Yamaguchi, "Simultaneous acquisition of spectral image information", Optics Letters 16: 1277-1279 (1991).
  5. ^ R. Bacon, G. Adam, A. Baranne, G. Courtes, D. Dubet, J. P. Dubois, "3D spectrography at high spatial resolution. I. Concept and realization of the integral field spectrograph TIGER," Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 113: 347-357 (1995).
  6. ^ L. Weitzel, A. Krabbe, H. Kroker, N. Thatte, L.E. Tacconi-Garman, M. Cameron and R. Genzel, "3D: The next generation near-infrared imaging spectrometer," Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement 119: 531-546 (1995).
  7. ^ S. A. Mathews, "Design and fabrication of a low-cost, multispectral imaging system," Applied Optics 47: F71-F76 (2008).
  8. ^ A. Wagadarikar, R. John, R. Willett, and D. Brady, "Single disperser design for coded aperture snapshot spectral imaging," Applied Optics 47: B44-B51 (2008).
  9. ^ L. Gao, R. T. Kester, T. S. Tkaczyk, "Compact Image Slicing Spectrometer (ISS) hyperspectral fluorescence microscopy", Optics Express 17: 12293-12308 (2009).
  10. ^ A. Gorman, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, and A. R. Harvey, "Generalization of the Lyot filter and its application to snapshot spectral imaging," Optics Express 18: 5602-5608 (2010)
  11. ^ N. Gupta, P. R. Ashe, and S. Tan, "Miniature snapshot multispectral imager", Optical Engineering 50: 033203 (2011).
  12. ^ M. A. Bershady, "3D spectroscopic instrumentation", to appear in 3D Spectroscopy in Astronomy, XVII Canary Island Winter School of Astrophysics, eds. E. Mediavilla, S. Arribas, M. Roth, J. Cepa-Nogue, and F. Sanchez, Cambridge University Press (2009).
  13. ^ N. Hagen, R. T. Kester, L. Gao, and T. S. Tkaczyk, "Snapshot advantage: a review of the light collection improvement for parallel high-dimensional measurement systems", Optical Engineering 51: 111702 (2012).

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