Snohomish County, Washington

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Snohomish County, Washington
Everett - County Campus.jpg
Snohomish County Government Campus in Everett
Flag of Snohomish County, Washington
Flag
Seal of Snohomish County, Washington
Seal
Map of Washington highlighting Snohomish County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of the United States highlighting Washington
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded January 14, 1861
Named for Snohomish Indian Tribe
Seat Everett
Largest city Everett
Area
 • Total 2,196 sq mi (5,688 km2)
 • Land 2,087 sq mi (5,405 km2)
 • Water 109 sq mi (282 km2), 5.0%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 745,913
 • Density 341/sq mi (131.8/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd, 7th
Time zone Pacific: UTC-8/-7
Website snohomishcountywa.gov

Snohomish County /snɵˈhmɨʃ/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. As of the 2010 census, the population was 713,335,[1] making it the third-most populous county in Washington. The county seat and largest city is Everett.[2] The county was created out of Island County on January 14, 1861[3] and is named for the Snohomish tribe.

Snohomish County is included in the Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology[edit]

Snohomish is the name of a Native American tribe in the area. Some associate the word as meaning "land of the low people".

History[edit]

Death certificate of Salem Woods

Snohomish County was created out of Island County on January 14, 1861.[3]

The county seat of Snohomish when established was the city of Snohomish, Washington starting in 1861.[4] The city of Everett took the seat in a disputed move in 1895. It was in a vote.[5]

One of the first county censuses was taken in 1862 by Sheriff Salem A. Woods.

Early important pioneers in the Snohomish County region included E. F. Cady of Snohomish, E. C. Ferguson of Snohomish and Isaac Cathcart.

Geography[edit]

Map of Snohomish County, showing settlements and major highways

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 2,196 square miles (5,690 km2), of which 2,087 square miles (5,410 km2) is land and 109 square miles (280 km2) (5.0%) is water.[6]

Snohomish County is located in the western part of Washington, about halfway between the state's north and south borders. Possession Sound and Puget Sound define the county's western border, while the eastern border is defined by the summits of the Cascade Range. Four counties are adjacent to Snohomish County: Skagit County to the north, Chelan County to the east, King County to the south, and Island County to the west.

The county's surface is covered by plains in the west and mountainous terrain in the east. The Cascade Range passes through the eastern part of the county and includes the highest point in Snohomish County, Glacier Peak at 10,541 feet (3,212.90 m) above sea level. Most of the eastern part of the county is preserved by the Mount Baker National Forest and Snoqualmie National Forest, which are consolidated into the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest. The mountains provide a source for several major rivers in the east, including the Snohomish, Snoqualmie, and Stillaguamish, that in turn form major bodies of water to the west.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Snohomish County has five major routes that connect the county to the other counties and other areas. There are four north-south routes, which are Interstate 5, Interstate 405, State Route 9, and State Route 99. The only complete east-west route is U.S. Route 2.

Buses and trains[edit]

Snohomish County is linked by many bus routes from three systems, which are Community Transit, Everett Transit (Everett only), and Sound Transit. The county also has train access from Everett Station for Amtrak's Empire Builder line (to Chicago), and Cascades line (to Vancouver, BC, Edmonds, and Seattle), and Sound Transit's Sounder service to and from Seattle, which links to the South Line that goes to Tacoma.[7]

Community Transit is operates a bus rapid transit service called Swift from Everett Station to the Aurora Village in Shoreline along the SR 99 corridor. Sound Transit is also planning to extend Link Light Rail service to Lynnwood and eventually Everett.[8] The line will be known as the North Link.

Airplanes and ferries[edit]

Snohomish County has one official airport and several municipal airports. The county also is connected by two ferry lines operated by Washington State Ferries.

The one official airport is Paine Field, otherwise known as Snohomish County Airport. There are smaller outlying airports, such as Harvey Field in Snohomish. There are two municipal airports, Arlington Municipal and Darrington Municipal. There are also two private airports, one in Lake Stevens and another in Granite Falls. The Martha Lake Airport in Martha Lake was a former private airport that was closed in 2000.[9]

As said in the introduction above, there are two ferry routes operated by Washington State Ferries in Snohomish County waters that go to and from different counties from the county.[10] The first line is the Edmonds-Kingston route, which carries SR 104. SR 104 terminates in the west at US 101 west of the Kitsap Peninsula, after crossing the Hood Canal over the Hood Canal Bridge. SR 104 terminates in the east at SR 522 in Lake Forest Park.[11] The second line is the Mukilteo-Clinton line, which carries SR 525. SR 525 terminates in the west at SR 20 on Whidbey Island, near where SR 20 goes across on another ferry line to US 101. SR 525 terminates in the east at an interchange with Interstate 5, where it continues as Interstate 405.[12]

Education[edit]

Snoqualmie Hall, a building shared by Edmonds Community College and Central Washington University, 2007

Snohomish County is one of the most-populous counties in the United States without a four-year, baccalaureate degree-granting institution.[13]

Columbia College offers AA all the way up to a Master's in Business along with other Associate and Bachelor degrees. Everett Community College and Edmonds Community College provide academic transfer degrees, career training and basic education in Snohomish County. Together, the two serve more than 40,000 people annually. About 40 percent of all high school graduates in Snohomish County begin their college education at Edmonds or Everett community college.

Everett Community College is the legislatively appointed leader of the University Center of North Puget Sound, [14] which offers 25 bachelor's and master's degrees through Western Washington University, Washington State University, Central Washington University, Eastern Washington University, The Evergreen State College, Hope International University, and the University of Washington Bothell.

Edmonds Community College and Central Washington University have worked together since 1975 to provide higher education in Snohomish County. After earning a two-year degree online or on campus from Edmonds Community College, students can continue their studies for a bachelor's degree from Central Washington University-Lynnwood in Snoqualmie Hall, a shared building on the Edmonds CC campus.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 599
1880 1,387 131.6%
1890 8,514 513.8%
1900 23,950 181.3%
1910 59,209 147.2%
1920 67,690 14.3%
1930 78,861 16.5%
1940 88,754 12.5%
1950 111,580 25.7%
1960 172,199 54.3%
1970 265,236 54.0%
1980 337,720 27.3%
1990 465,642 37.9%
2000 606,024 30.1%
2010 713,335 17.7%
Est. 2013 745,913 4.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1790-1960[16] 1900-1990[17]
1990-2000[18] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 606,024 people, 224,852 households, and 157,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 290 people per square mile (112/km²). There were 236,205 housing units at an average density of 113 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.63% White, 1.67% Black or African American, 1.36% Native American, 5.78% Asian, 0.28% Pacific Islander, 1.92% from other races, and 3.36% from two or more races. 4.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.2% were of German, 10.0% English, 8.8% Irish, 8.4% Norwegian and 6.6% United States or American ancestry.

There were 224,852 households out of which 37.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.00% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.80% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 33.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,060, and the median income for a family was $60,726. Males had a median income of $43,293 versus $31,386 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,417. About 4.90% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.60% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Law/government[edit]

County Executive[edit]

The county executive is John Lovick, a Democrat. Lovick is a former Sheriff of Snohomish County and took office as county executive on June 3, 2013.[20] He was appointed by the Snohomish County Council to succeed Aaron Reardon, who resigned amid allegations of misuse of county resources and an extramarital affair.[21]

The county executive seat was chartered in the 1979.[22] The first county executive was conservative Democrat[22] Willis Tucker of Snohomish from 1980 to 1991.[22] Following Tucker, the next county executive was Democrat[23] Bob Drewel from 1991 to 2002,[22][24] followed by Democrat Aaron Reardon from 2003 to 2013.[21]

County Council[edit]

The county council is made up of:[25]

Koster and Sullivan are both former state representatives. In the 2010 state elections, Koster narrowly lost to Rick Larsen in an election for U.S. Representative seat 2.[26]

Communities[edit]

Cities and towns[edit]

  1. 104,655 - Everett
  2. 62,402 - Marysville
  3. 40,400 - Edmonds
  4. 36,275 - Lynnwood
  5. 34,651 - Bothell (partial)
  6. 29,104 - Lake Stevens
  7. 20,605 - Mukilteo
  8. 20,198 - Mountlake Terrace
  9. 18,671 - Mill Creek
  10. 18,317 - Arlington
  11. 17,503 - Monroe
  12. 9,275 - Snohomish
  13. 6,422 - Stanwood
  14. 6,251 - Brier
  15. 4,715 - Sultan
  16. 3,421 - Granite Falls
  17. 2,089 - Gold Bar
  18. 1,359 - Darrington
  19. 1,322 - Woodway
  20. 184 - Index

2012 Estimate population[27]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Historical Development of Snohomish". Ci.snohomish.wa.us. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  4. ^ Smith, Debra (2011-01-02). "Divers may have found ship built in Everett in 1894 | HeraldNet.com - Local news". HeraldNet.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Sounder Commuter Rail
  7. ^ "Lynnwood Link Extension". Projects.soundtransit.org. 2013-04-08. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  8. ^ List of airports in Washington
  9. ^ Washington State Ferries#Routes
  10. ^ Washington State Route 104
  11. ^ Washington State Route 525
  12. ^ Stephanson, Ray (April 4, 2007). "UW branch a sound option". The Seattle Times. 
  13. ^ uceverett.org
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  19. ^ "Lovick Sworn In as New Snohomish County Executive". Snohomish County. Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  20. ^ a b Heffter, Emily (February 21, 2013). "Embattled Snohomish County executive stepping down". Seattle Times. Retrieved February 21, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c d Brooks, Diane (July 2, 2000). "Willis Tucker Obituary: He led his county into new age with a smile". Seattle Times. Retrieved 5 January 2011. 
  22. ^ "Building renamed for Bob Drewel". The Seattle Times. November 7, 2007. 
  23. ^ Stevick, Eric (2008). "Former County Executive Bob Drewel honored with building". The Everett Herald. 
  24. ^ "Snohomish County : Council Districts : Home". .co.snohomish.wa.us. 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  25. ^ Cornfield, Jerry (2010-11-23). "Larsen won the race, but Koster leads in candidates' hometown | HeraldNet.com - Local news". HeraldNet.com. Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  26. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: Washington". Population Census. United States Census Bureau. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-09-26. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Archives[edit]

Education links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°02′N 121°43′W / 48.04°N 121.71°W / 48.04; -121.71