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|First appearance||October 4, 1950 (comic strip)|
|Last appearance||February 13, 2000 (comic strip)|
|Voiced by||Bill Melendez (1963–2008; vocal effects only)
Robert Towers (1985)
Cameron Clarke (1988-1989)
Daniel Davies (2008-2009)
Andy Beall (2011-present)
Brothers: Spike, Andy, Olaf, Marbles, Ruffles
Sisters: Belle, Molly
Owner: Charlie Brown
Lillian "Lila" Emmons Allcroft (previously)
Clara ("the annoying girl")
Poochie (possibly before Lila)
Snoopy is a perpetually innocent and mindlessly happy dog who either fantasizes or dances around in joy.
Snoopy cannot talk, so his thoughts are shown in thought balloons. In the animated Peanuts films and television specials, Snoopy's thoughts are not verbalized; his moods are instead conveyed through growls, sobs, laughter, and monosyllabic utterances such as "bleah," "hey," etc. as well as through pantomime. The only exceptions are in the animated adaptions of the musicals "You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown (TV special)" and "Snoopy!!! The Musical (TV special)" in which Snoopy's thoughts are verbalized by Robert Towers and Cameron Clarke respectively.
Schulz said of Snoopy's character in a 1997 interview: "He has to retreat into his fanciful world in order to survive. Otherwise, he leads kind of a dull, miserable life. I don't envy dogs the lives they have to live."
Snoopy has imagined himself as different things such as a pelican, a vulture, an author, and a World War One flying Ace. All of these have exactly the same formula: he pretends to be something, and fails: his extremely short "novels" are never published, he is consistently shot down by his imaginary enemy, and he can never be a convincing vulture, bear, or penguin, even to himself.
Snoopy's doghouse defies physics, bigger on the inside than the outside.
Snoopy appeared on the October 4, 1950 strip, two days after the first strip. On March 16, 1952, his thoughts were first shown in a thought balloon. On June 28, 1957, Snoopy walked on his two hind legs like a human for the first time.
Snoopy's doghouse, originally depicted in a standard 3/4 view, was soon almost entirely depicted from the side later on.
He remained as a minor character until the late 1950s.
He was depicted in the last strip that Charles Schulz ever wrote, on February 13, 2000.
Relationship with other Peanuts characters
Snoopy first appeared upright on his hind legs on January 9, 1956. He was shown ice-skating across a frozen lake.
Despite his history of conflicted loyalties and his occasionally disdainful attitude toward Charlie Brown (he can never remember Charlie Brown's name and thinks of him as "that round-headed kid"), Snoopy has shown himself steadfastly loyal to his current owner. He joined Charlie Brown in walking out of a game of Ha-Ha Herman when Peppermint Patty crudely insulted Charlie Brown (though she was unaware that Charlie Brown was within earshot). He also helped Charlie Brown recover his autographed baseball when a bully had taken it and was challenging Charlie Brown to fight him for it. When Charlie Brown has to stop dedicating himself to making Snoopy happy, Snoopy replies, "Don't worry about it. I was already happy."
Snoopy frequently tries to kiss Lucy on the cheek, which Lucy, who is afraid of dog germs, thoroughly hates, and this has occasionally resulted in Lucy threatening to beat Snoopy up.
Snoopy often tries to steal Linus' blanket, resulting in them fighting in slapstick fights, and Snoopy always loses.
Lila was Snoopy's owner before Charlie Brown. On one occasion, he visited her.
Snoopy is usually depicted as having seven siblings, five of whom appear at some point in the strip: Andy, Belle, Marbles, Olaf, and Spike. Most often seen is Spike, who lives in the desert (near the real-life locale of Needles, California).
TV Guide's reception
Snoopy, and Charlie Brown were ranked by TV Guide as the 8th greatest cartoon characters of all time.
Some critics alleged that, after the strip's 1960s Golden Age, it suffered a decline in quality in the later years of its run; for example, in an essay published in the New York Press at the time of the final daily strip in January 2000, "Against Snoopy," Christopher Caldwell argued that the character of Snoopy, and the strip's increased focus on him in the 1970s, "went from being the strip's besetting artistic weakness to ruining it altogether". He criticized Snoopy's inability to talk:
|“||Snoopy was never a full participant in the tangle of relationships that drove "Peanuts" in its Golden Age. He couldn't be: he doesn't talk (all his words appear in "thought bubbles"), and therefore he doesn't interact. He's there to be looked at.||”|
He went on to say that Snoopy "was way too shallow for the strip as it developed in the 1960s, and the strips he featured in were anomalies. "
After giving some other explanations, he concludes his essay that "You can say of Schulz's genius what Sally, Peppermint Patty, Marcie and Franklin said of their homework on countless occasions through the decades: His Dog Ate It."
In aviation and space
- Following the Apollo I fire, Snoopy became the official mascot of aerospace safety, testing and the rebuilding of the Apollo Program.
- The Apollo 10 lunar module was named Snoopy and the command module Charlie Brown. While not included in the official mission logo, Charlie Brown and Snoopy became semi-official mascots for the mission, as seen here  and here. Schulz also drew some special mission-related artwork for NASA , and several regular strips related to the mission; one showing Snoopy en route to the moon atop his doghouse with a fishbowl on his head for a helmet. The strip that ran on July 21, 1969 – one day after the Apollo 11 lunar module Eagle landed on the moon – included a full moon in the background, with a black mark on it representing the module.
- The Silver Snoopy award is a special NASA honor, in the form of a sterling silver pin with an engraving of Snoopy in a spacesuit helmet. It is given by an astronaut to someone who works in the space program that has gone above and beyond in pursuit of quality and safety.
- Snoopy is the name of a United States Air Force B-58 Hustler bomber, serial number 55-0665, which was modified to test a radar system.
- American insurance company MetLife has used Snoopy as their corporate mascot since the 1980s. Snoopy One, Snoopy Two and Snoopy J are three airships owned and operated by MetLife that provide aerial coverage of sporting events, and feature Snoopy as the World War I flying ace on their fuselage.
- Schulz, Charles M. (1994). Around the world in 50 years: Charlie Brown's anniversary celebration. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-8362-1766-7.
- Snoopy, Charlie Brown et les autres. L'album de famille de Schulz. ISBN 978-2-7324-2681-5.
- Groth, Gary (December 1997). "Charles Schulz at 3 o'clock in the morning". The Comics Journal: 27 (flip).
- [source:http://www.gocomics.com/peanuts/1952/03/16 "March 16, 1952"].
- Celebrating Peanuts:60 Years. Andrew McMeel Publishing. 2009. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-7407-8548-1.
- "TV Guide's 50 Greatest Cartoon Characters". 30 July 2002. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- Caldwell, Christopher (January 4, 2000). "Against Snoopy". New York Press.
- "Picture of Charlie Brown and Snoopy on Apollo 10". Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- Peanuts Comic Strip, July 21, 1969 on GoComics.com
- "Space Flight Awareness Awards: SFA Silver Snoopy". Space Flight Awareness, NASA website. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-21.[dead link]
- B-52s in the Desert
- Airship Operations information for MetLife blimp[dead link]
- Media related to Snoopy at Wikimedia Commons
- Quotations related to Snoopy at Wikiquote
- The complete text of Snoopy's It Was a Dark and Stormy Night