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|First appearance||October 4, 1950 (comic strip)|
|Last appearance||February 13, 2000 (comic strip)|
|Voiced by||Bill Melendez (1963–2008; vocal effects only)
Robert Towers (1985)
Cameron Clarke (1988-1989)
Daniel Davies (2008-2009)
Andy Beall (2011-present)
Brothers: Spike, Andy, Olaf, Marbles, Ruffles
Sisters: Belle, Molly
Owner: Charlie Brown
Lillian "Lila" Emmons Allcroft (previously)
Clara ("the annoying girl")
Poochie (possibly before Lila)
Snoopy is a cartoon dog in the long-running comic strip Peanuts, by Charles M. Schulz. He is Charlie Brown's pet dog. The original drawings of Snoopy were inspired by Spike, one of Schulz's childhood dogs.
Snoopy cannot talk, but his thoughts are shown in thought balloons. In the animated Peanuts films and television specials, Snoopy's thoughts are not verbalized; his moods are instead conveyed through growls, sobs, laughter, and monosyllabic utterances such as "bleah," "hey," etc. as well as through pantomime.
Schulz summed up Snoopy's character in a 1997 interview: "He has to retreat into his fanciful world in order to survive. Otherwise, he leads kind of a dull, miserable life. I don't envy dogs the lives they have to live."
Snoopy has imagined himself as various different animals, such as a pelican or a vulture, as well as having various professions, such as being an author, a professional skater, or a World War One flying ace. Snoopy's fantasy roles are essentially the same, with Snoopy performing the respective role for each one, and almost always failing at what he does (his extremely short "novels" are never published, he is consistently shot down by the Red Baron (an imaginary enemy), and he can never be a convincing vulture, bear, or penguin, even to himself).
Snoopy' doghouse defies physics, bigger on the inside than the outside.
Snoopy appeared on the October 4 1950 strip, two years after the first strip. On March 16, 1952, his thoughts were first shown in a thought balloon. On June 28, 1957, Snoopy walked on his two hind legs like a human for the first time.
Snoopy's doghouse, originally depicted in a standard 3/4 view, was soon almost entirely depicted from the side. This allowed Snoopy to use the top of the doghouse to pursue his pretend "careers" - he typed his novels, chased the Red Baron, and talked with the neighborhood birds atop the doghouse.
He was depicted prominently in the last strip that Charles Schulz ever wrote, on February 13, 2000.
Relationship with other Peanuts characters
Interactions with Charlie Brown
Despite his history of conflicted loyalties and his occasionally disdainful attitude toward Charlie Brown (he can never remember Charlie Brown's name and thinks of him as "that round-headed kid"), Snoopy has shown himself steadfastly loyal to his current owner. He joined Charlie Brown in walking out of a game of Ha-Ha Herman when Peppermint Patty crudely insulted Charlie Brown (though she was unaware that Charlie Brown was within earshot). He also helped Charlie Brown recover his autographed baseball when a bully had taken it and was challenging Charlie Brown to fight him for it. When Charlie Brown has to stop dedicating himself to making Snoopy happy, Snoopy replies, "Don't worry about it. I was already happy."
Snoopy is usually depicted as having seven siblings, five of whom appear at some point in the strip: Andy, Belle, Marbles, Olaf, and Spike. Most often seen is Spike, who lives in the desert (near the real-life locale of Needles, California). Sharing Snoopy's penchant for a fantasy life, he is friends with saguaro cacti. Spike is very thin, wears a fedora and has long whiskers. (Spike was the name of one of Schulz's childhood pet dogs.)
In aviation and space
- Following the Apollo I fire, Snoopy became the official mascot of aerospace safety, testing and the rebuilding of the Apollo Program, due to his refusal to accept defeat and his "'outside the doghouse' way of looking at things." A series of Snoopy-in-Space ("Astrobeagle") products arrived with this campaign, and originals are still prized.
- The Apollo 10 lunar module was named Snoopy and the command module Charlie Brown. While not included in the official mission logo, Charlie Brown and Snoopy became semi-official mascots for the mission, as seen here and here. Schulz also drew some special mission-related artwork for NASA , and several regular strips related to the mission; one showing Snoopy en route to the moon atop his doghouse with a fishbowl on his head for a space helmet; one where Snoopy is on the moon beating everyone else there, including "that stupid cat that lives next door"; one where Snoopy is returning to Earth, and explains to the audience, "You can tell I'm headed back because I'm pointed the other way"; and one where Charlie Brown consoles Snoopy about how the spacecraft named after him was left in lunar orbit. The strip that ran on July 21, 1969 – one day after the Apollo 11 lunar module Eagle landed on the moon – included a full moon in the background, with a black mark on it representing the module.
- During the Vietnam War Snoopy was a prominant and popular mascot of a great many Armed Forces Aviation Flying Units, appearing both on the various aircraft themselves as well as being featured on unit cloth insignia.
- The Silver Snoopy award is a special NASA honor, in the form of a sterling silver pin with an engraving of Snoopy in a spacesuit helmet. It is given by an astronaut to someone who works in the space program that has gone above and beyond in pursuit of quality and safety.
- A series of postage stamps featuring Snoopy as a World War I flying ace was released on May 17, 2001 in Santa Rosa, California.
- Snoopy, piloting his "Sopwith Camel" (i.e., his doghouse), is featured in the logo of Charles M. Schulz–Sonoma County Airport.
- Snoopy is the United States Air Force Communications - Computer Systems Control mascot. He can be seen on the Tech Control emblem holding an old analog patch cord above his head as he walks on water.
- During the Gulf War Snoopy appeared as nose art on several aircraft. He remains a popular image in air forces that still allow crews to customize the appearance of their planes.
- Snoopy is the name of a United States Air Force B-58 Hustler bomber, serial number 55-0665, which was modified to test a radar system.
- The black-and-white communications caps (formally called a Communications Carrier Assembly) worn as part of NASA spacesuits, carrying radio earphones and microphones, are universally known as "Snoopy caps", due to the resemblance of the white center and black outer sections to the top of Snoopy's head.
- American insurance company MetLife has used Snoopy as their corporate mascot since the 1980s. Snoopy One, Snoopy Two and Snoopy J are three airships owned and operated by MetLife that provide aerial coverage of sporting events, and feature Snoopy as the World War I flying ace on their fuselage.
- Snoopy was the name of the Hercules W.2 used by the RAF's Meteorogical Research Flight.
- Snoopy Rock is a red rock geological formation near Sedona, Arizona
- Snoopy is a remotely operated underwater vehicle in Clive Cussler's Dirk Pitt novel Black Wind
- Snoopy's Nose is a 280-degree tributary loop in Vietnam's Mekong River
- Operation Snoopy was a combined airborne-ground assault military operation carried out in Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia) against insurgent forces following the downing of Air Rhodesia Flight 825 in 1978.
- Schulz, Charles M. (1994). Around the world in 50 years: Charlie Brown's anniversary celebration. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-8362-1766-7.
- Snoopy, Charlie Brown et les autres. L'album de famille de Schulz. ISBN 978-2-7324-2681-5.
- Groth, Gary (December 1997). "Charles Schulz at 3 o'clock in the morning". The Comics Journal: 27 (flip).
- [source:http://www.gocomics.com/peanuts/1952/03/16 "March 16, 1952"].
- "Picture of Charlie Brown and Snoopy on Apollo 10". Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- "Space Flight Awareness Awards: SFA Silver Snoopy". Space Flight Awareness, NASA website. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-21.
- B-52s in the Desert
- Airship Operations information for MetLife blimp
- Frommer's Arizona and the Grand Canyon 2012 by Karl Samson, John Wiley & Sons, 2011, page 249, "...between uptown Sedona and the "Y". Although there's a bit of traffic noise here, the view of Snoopy Rock is hard to beat."
- Black Wind by Clive Cussler, Penguin, 2006 edition, page 259, "Like its beagle namesake, Snoopy sniffed along..."
- "Chapter 1: Into Snoopy's Nose", Prodigals: A Vietnam Story by Richard Taylor, Casemate Publishers, 2003, page 11, "He spat out the words, "Snoopy's Nose!" The reference was to a bend in a tributary that made a 280-degree loop resembling the comic-strip character Snoopy's nose. Everyone, Vietnamese and Americans, knew this hostile place by its lovable namesake."
- Media related to Snoopy at Wikimedia Commons
- Quotations related to Snoopy at Wikiquote
- The complete text of Snoopy's It Was a Dark and Stormy Night