Snow Mountains quail

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Snow Mountains quail
Snow Mountains Quail.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Subfamily: Perdicinae
Genus: Anurophasis
van Oort, 1910
Species: A. monorthonyx
Binomial name
Anurophasis monorthonyx
van Oort, 1910

The Snow Mountains quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx), also known as the Snow Mountain quail, is a large, approximately 28 cm (11 in) long, dark brown quail of Alpine grasslands. It is the only member of the genus Anurophasis. It has a brown plumage, a horn-coloured bill, yellow legs and a brown iris. The underparts of the female are whitish and more heavily black barred than in the male. This picture at right shows the female above.

Snow mountain quail chick

An Indonesian endemic, the Snow Mountains quail is confined to New Guineas highest elevations, the Snow Mountains of Irian Jaya. This little known bird is protected only by the remoteness of its habitat, an inaccessible area at an altitude over 3,000 m (9,850 feet).

The female usually lays up to three pale brown, dark-spotted eggs in a hollow nest under the edge of a grass tussock. The diet consists mainly of seeds, flowers, leaves and other vegetable matter.

Due to its limited range and it being unprotected by Indonesian government, the Snow Mountains quail is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

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