Snowball (Animal Farm)
Snowball believes in a continued revolution: he argues that in order to defend Animal Farm and strengthen the reality of Old Major's dream of a life without humans, stir up rebellions in other farms throughout England. Napoleon always disagrees with any ideas that Snowball has because he doesn't want Snowball to lead Animal Farm.
Snowball also writes the first version of the Seven Commandments. These are later altered by Squealer under the orders of Napoleon to accommodate the actions of the pigs. For example, the commandment stating "No animal shall drink alcohol" is changed to "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess", and is later removed entirely. The rule that states "No animal should sleep in a bed" is changed to "No animal should sleep in a bed with sheets".
Snowball is eventually forced out of the farm when Napoleon uses his guard dogs to attack Snowball. After that he is blamed for problems on the farm, and it is claimed he was in support of Jones from the start. Though he fought bravely at the Battle of the Cowshed, the facts are altered to say he openly fought for Jones and the shot wounds are changed to wounds Napoleon inflicted on him. Those accused of supporting him are executed after being forced to confess, and a reward is offered for his capture.
Snowball is portrayed in a generally positive light, no doubt due to Orwell's personal experiences, though he has definite character flaws, typically in moral context. He quickly accepts the superiority of pigs over other animals (even while the rebellion was staged to drive the ruling, superior humans off) and has a single-minded steadfast determination with projects like the Windmill that could grow into a tyrannical power streak. As it was, he was exiled quite early in the story — as Trotsky was exiled soon after the Russian Revolution — and thusly it's hard to think of him badly, as he never truly had an opportunity to make mistakes. He does seem to care for the animals more than Napoleon (as in his justification of the Windmill as a means of less work) though, once again, he places himself on an unrealistic pedestal in how he simply drew up plans that needed parts that he did not have. In the end, he makes the mistake of relying on intellect, rhetoric and logic - all very well but quickly to crumble under brute force.
Snowball is a very inventive and quick-thinking pig that influenced others to his side. It is never revealed what happened to him after his escape, although in the 1950s film adaptation it is implied that the dogs killed him. However, in the 1999 live action film adaption, he is shown escaping the dogs and surviving. He is even seen reuniting with the animals at the end of the film.
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