J83 - J84 - J85
In geometry, the snub disphenoid is one of the Johnson solids (J84). It is a three-dimensional solid that has only equilateral triangles as faces, and is therefore a deltahedron. It is not a regular polyhedron because some vertices have four faces and others have five. It is one of the elementary Johnson solids that do not arise from "cut and paste" manipulations of the Platonic and Archimedean solids.
A Johnson solid is one of 92 strictly convex regular-faced polyhedra, but which is not uniform, i.e., not a Platonic solid, Archimedean solid, prism or antiprism. They are named by Norman Johnson who first enumerated the set in 1966.
It can be seen as the 8 triangular faces of the square antiprism with the two squares replaced by pairs of triangles.
It was called a Siamese dodecahedron in the paper by Freudenthal and van der Waerden which first described it in 1947 in the set of eight convex deltahedra.
The snub disphenoid is 4-connected, meaning that it takes the removal of four vertices to disconnect the remaining vertices. It is one of only four 4-connected simplicial well-covered polyhedra, meaning that all of the maximal independent sets of its vertices have the same size. The other three polyhedra with this property are the regular octahedron, the pentagonal dipyramid, and an irregular polyhedron with 12 vertices and 20 triangular faces (Finbow et al. 2010).
- Freudenthal, H.; van d. Waerden, B. L. (1947), "On an assertion of Euclid", Simon Stevin 25: 115–121, MR 0021687
- Finbow, Arthur S.; Hartnell, Bert L.; Nowakowski, Richard J.; Plummer, Michael D. (2010), "On well-covered triangulations. III", Discrete Applied Mathematics 158 (8): 894–912, doi:10.1016/j.dam.2009.08.002, MR 2602814.
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