Snuffy Jenkins

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Snuffy Jenkins
Birth name DeWitt Jenkins
Also known as "Snuffy" Jenkins
Born (1908-10-27)October 27, 1908
Harris, North Carolina, US
Died April 29, 1990(1990-04-29)
Genres Bluegrass music, old time
Occupation(s) Musician
Instruments fiddle, banjo, guitar
Years active 1927–1989
Labels Rounder Records
Associated acts Smith Hammett
Rex Brooks
J. E. Mainer's Mountaineers
Byron Parker's Hillbillies
Jim Eanes
Homer Sherrill

DeWitt "Snuffy" Jenkins (October 27, 1908 – April 29, 1990) was an American old time banjo player and an early proponent of the three-finger banjo style.

Biography[edit]

Jenkins was born in Harris, North Carolina,[1] as the last of ten children. He began playing the fiddle as a plucked instrument, switched to guitar and later to a home-made banjo he and his brother Verl had built.[2][3] He bought his first real banjo in 1927, and soon fell under the influence of Smith Hammett and Rex Brooks, two early banjo players who did much for the development of Jenkins' style. In 1934, he appeared on the radio show Crazy Water Barn Dance over WBT in Charlotte, North Carolina with his newly formed group, the Jenkins String Band.[3] The string band comprised Snuffy Jenkins on banjo, his brother Verl Jenkins on fiddle and a cousin on guitar.[4] During this time, Jenkins also played in the W.O.W. String Band.[5]

In 1936, he joined J. E. Mainer's Mountaineers as banjo player performing at local radio station WSPA in Spartanburg.[6][7] The next year, in 1937, the Mountaineers were hired to perform over WIS in Columbia. The announcer of radio station WIS was Byron "The Old Hired Hand" Parker and he almost immediately took over the Mountaineers renaming them Byron Parker's Hillbillies.[4][7] The Hillbillies, consisting of J. E. Mainer on fiddle, Jenkins on banjo, George Morris and Leonard Stokes on guitars, later recorded - without Byron Parker - under the name of J. E. Mainer's Mountaineers.[7] J. E. Mainer soon left, and was replaced by Verl Jenkins on fiddle and Clyde Robbins on guitar.[6]

1956 recording of Snuffy Jenkins playing the 5 string banjo in three-finger style.

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In 1939, Parker hired Homer Sherrill on fiddle; Mainer, Stokes and Morris had left earlier. Parker changed the group's name to The WIS Hillbillies and in 1947, Julian "Greasy" Medlin, a guitar player and a veteran of the medicine show circuit, along with the bass player Ira Dimmery were added to the Hillbillies.[2][4] The WIS Hillbillies mainly did minstrel shows with comedy skits as Jenkins dressed up in baggy pants while "Greasy" wore blackface.[7] It was around this time Byron Parker gave Jenkins his nickname "Snuffy" because he used to wipe his nose with his sleeve during one of the skits.[3] Byron Parker died in 1948, and Jenkins and Sherrill, who had taken over the band, changed its name to The Hired Hands in Parker's memory.[4][6]

In 1949, Sherrill and Jenkins recorded with Jim Eanes on two sides of a 78 rpm release for Capitol.[8] In 1953, The Hired Hands appeared on television at WIS-TV[4][9] and in 1955, they added guitarist Bill Rea. In 1956, folklorist Mike Seeger recorded Jenkins (accompanied by Ira Dimmery on guitar) for a Folkways sampler album of three-finger banjo styles. The Hired Hands first recorded as a group for Folk-Lyric in 1962. During the 1960s, they performed on several folk and bluegrass festivals.

When Jenkins was semi-retired in the 1960s he worked as a car salesman in South Carolina.[10]

In 1979, the surviving members of The Hired Hands were invited to stage an old time medicine show in the hamlet of Bailey, North Carolina. The success of the show led the North Carolina Public Television to produce the "Free Show Tonight" which aired over PBS. The Hired Hands also performed their medicine show at the Smithsonian Institution and in 1983, at the American Place Theater in New York City.[9]

Legacy[edit]

Despite persistent rumours, Jenkins did not teach Earl Scruggs how to play the banjo, according to an interview with Jenkins, conducted by Tony Trischka on October 17, 1984.[11] On the other hand, there is no doubt that Jenkins did indeed influence Don Reno with his picking[12] and Scruggs does name Jenkins as a major influence.[13]

A music festival, recently revived after a 20 year hiatus, in honor of Snuffy Jenkins is held annually in Rutherford County, NC (Snuffy's birthplace). The Snuffy Jenkins Festival features bluegrass and old-time music, and includes historical talks and discussions of Snuffy's life and music as well as related discussions about the contributions of other innovative banjo players from the region: Rex Brooks, Smith Hammett, and Earl Scruggs.

Discography[edit]

Year Title Label Number Notes
1957 American Banjo Tunes and Songs in the 'Scruggs' Style Folkways FA 2314 remastered as Smithsonian Folkways SF40037 (1990) with previously unissued cuts added
1962 Carolina Bluegrass Folk-Lyric FL 123 also issued as Arhoolie 5011
1971 33 Years of Pickin' and Pluckin Rounder 005 with Pappy Sherrill
1976 Crazy Water Barn Dance Rounder 0059
1985 Byron Parker and His Mountaineers Old Homestead 169
1989 Something Special Old Homestead 90193
1998 Pioneer of the Bluegrass Banjo Arhoolie 9027 reissue of Carolina Bluegrass

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Trischka, Tony, "Sonny Osborne", Banjo Song Book, Oak Publications, 1977
  2. ^ a b Bogdanov, Woodstra, Erlewine 2003, p. 375
  3. ^ a b c Erbsen 2003, p. 119
  4. ^ a b c d e Carlin 2003, p. 204
  5. ^ Russell 2007, p. 194
  6. ^ a b c Jones 2008, p. 203
  7. ^ a b c d Erbsen 2003, p. 120
  8. ^ "Jim Eanes". Praguefrank's Country Music Discographies. November 2009. Retrieved August 14, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Jones 2008, p. 205
  10. ^ Scully 2008, p. 96
  11. ^ Trischka, Wernick 1988, p. 5
  12. ^ Russell 2007, p. 195
  13. ^ Garner, Steve (2007). Mel Bay's American Banjo: Three-Finger and Scruggs Style, p.4. ISBN 0-7866-5127-X.

References[edit]

  • Bogdanov, Vladimir - Woodstra, Chris - Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2003) All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music
  • Carlin, Richard (2003) Country Music: A Biographical Dictionary
  • Erbsen, Wayne (2003) Laura Boosinger, Rural Roots of Bluegrass: Songs, Stories & History
  • Jones, Loyal (2008) Country Music Humorists and Comedians
  • Russell, Tony (2007) Country Music Originals: The Legends and the Lost
  • Scully, Michael F. (2008) The Never-Ending Revival: Rounder Records and the Folk Alliance
  • Trischka, Tony - Wernick, Pete (1988) Masters of the 5-String Banjo, 1988

External links[edit]