Sniatyn

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For the eponymous town in Russia, see Ksnyatin
Town hall

Sniatyn (Ukrainian: Снятин, Polish: Śniatyn, Armenian: Սնիատին, Hebrew: שניאטין‎) is a city located in the Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in western Ukraine along the Prut river. It is the administrative center of the Sniatynsky Raion (district), and is located at around 48°27′0″N 25°34′0″E / 48.45000°N 25.56667°E / 48.45000; 25.56667Coordinates: 48°27′0″N 25°34′0″E / 48.45000°N 25.56667°E / 48.45000; 25.56667. The current estimated population is around 10,500 (as of 2001). In the interbellum period, it was a rail border crossing between Poland and Romania.

History[edit]

The first mention of the town is in 1158. Ksniatyn was named after Kostiantyn Stroslavich, a boyar and general of Yaroslav Osmomysl. The town was given the Magdeburg Rights in 1448. As a result of the first of Partitions of Poland (Treaty of St-Petersburg dated 5 July 1772, Sniatyn (and Galicia) was attributed to the Habsburg Monarchy.[1]

For more details, see the article Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria.

Austrian postal card sent in 1875 from Sniatyn, Polish version

In 1939 Sniatyn was the temporary seat of American embassy in Poland, as the diplomatic personnel abandoned Warsaw after the first Nazi bombings.

Nearly all of Sniatyn's Jewish population was murdered during the Holocaust. Many were shot and buried in the local forest. Some died from disease and starvation in the ghetto. Approximately 1500 people were sent, via railway, to the Nazi Belzec Concentration Camp in German occupied Poland.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Atlas des peuples d'Europe centrale, André et Jean Sellier, 1991, p.88