From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Socata TBM)
Jump to: navigation, search
TBM700 / TBM850 / TBM900
Socata TBM700 of the French Army Light Aviation
Role Executive transport and civil utility
National origin France
Manufacturer SOCATA
First flight 14 July 1988
Introduction 1990
Status In production Active service
Primary users French Army
French Air Force
Produced 1988-present
Number built 662 (as of January 2014)[1]
(324 TBM 700 / 338 TBM 850)
Unit cost
$3.25 Million USD (2013)[2]
$3.46 Million USD (2013 Elite)[2]
$3.711 Million USD (2014 TBM 900)

The SOCATA TBM700 (also marketed as the TBM850 and TBM900) is a high performance single-engine turboprop light business and utility aircraft manufactured by SOCATA. An aerodynamically refined version of the 700 N is marketed as the TBM900 from March 2014.[3]

Design and development[edit]

In the early 1980s, the Mooney Airplane Company of Kerrville, Texas designed a six-seat pressurised light aircraft powered by a single 360 hp (268 kW) piston engine, the Mooney 301, which made its maiden flight on 7 April 1983.[4] Mooney was purchased by French owners in 1985,[5] which resulted in talks between Mooney and the French company Socata to build a turboprop derivative of the 301. The result of these discussions was the TBM 700, which was much heavier than the 301 with more than twice the power, with a joint venture, TBM International, being set up in June 1987 between Mooney and Socata's parent company Aérospatiale to design and build the new aircraft.[4][6] In the designation TBM, "TB" stands for Tarbes, the city in France in which Socata is located, the "M" stands for Mooney.[4]

The TBM 700 is a single-engined turboprop, six to seven-seat low-wing monoplane of mainly aluminium and steel construction, but with the tail surfaces built of Nomex honeycomb. It has a retractable tricycle landing gear and is powered by a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-64 engine delivering 700 shp (522 kW).[7][8] The first prototype TBM 700 made its maiden flight on 14 July 1988,[6] with French certification following on 31 January 1990 and US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) certification achieved on 28 August 1990.[4]

It was planned that two production lines be set up, one at Kerrville to cater for the American market and the other at Socata's factory at Tarbes to build aircraft for the rest of the world. A shortage of money resulted in Mooney withdrawing from the project in May 1991.[4] The TBM 700 also comes in a cargo variant.

EADS Socata TBM 850 at the Paris Air Show 2007

The TBM 850 is the production name for the TBM 700N, an improved version with the more powerful Pratt & Whitney PT6A-66D engine flat rated at 850 shp (634 kW). The TBM 850 is limited to 700 shp (522 kW) for takeoff and landing, but in cruise flight the engine power can be increased to 850 shp (634 kW). This extra power gives it a higher cruising speed than the TBM 700 models, especially at high altitudes (due to the flat-rating). The outside appearance of the TBM 850 has remained the same as that of the TBM 700. The TBM 850 has a typical range of 1,520 nautical miles (2,820 km).

Beginning with the 2008 model, the TBM 850 is equipped with the Garmin G1000 integrated flight deck as standard equipment.[9]

Introduced in 2014, the TBM 900 is an improved version with 26 modifications including winglets, a redesigned air intake and a 5-blade propeller, for better aerodynamic and performance.[10]


Number of TBM 700 and TBM 850 delivered, including received orders for the 2014 TBM 900:

Year Number built
324(TBM 700)
338(TBM 850)
40(TBM 900 Ordered)


TBM 700 landing
TBM700 A
Initial production version with one Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-64 turboprop engine.
TBM700 B
Variant with wide entrance door, increased maximum zero fuel weight and other improvements.
TBM700 C1
Improved version with rear unpressurised cargo compartment, reinforced structure, new air conditioning system and other improvements.
TBM 700C2
C1 with increased maximum takeoff weight.
TBM700 N
Variant with increased maximum cruise/climb power, one Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66D turboprop engine, marketed as the TBM850 and with modifications as the TBM850 G1000 and TBM900.
Marketing name for the TBM700 N.
TBM850 G1000
Marketing name for the 700 N with a G1000 Intergated Flight Deck and a fuel tank extension modification.
TBM 850 Elite
An updated version of the TBM 850, priced at $3.46 million USD. This model includes a 4-place cabin forward-facing seating configuration, allowing for an increased cargo area aft of the cabin. [11]
TBM 900
TBM 900
Marketing name for the TBM700 N with improved version with aerodynamic inlet and performance optimization, priced at US$3.711M.[12] Max cruise speed is increased to 330 kts at 64 gph. A range of 1,730 nm (with 45-minute standard IFR reserves) using long-range cruise speed is capable at 250 kts while burning 30 gph or 1,585 nm at 290 kts while burning 35 gph.[3] Improvements to the prop have been made as well. A five-bladed carbon fiber Hartzell prop adds performance to the airplane.


This list does not include most operators.


Specifications (TBM 850)[edit]

Data from manufacturer specification sheet

General characteristics


See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


  1. ^ DAHER-SOCATA delivers 40 TBM 850s in 2013
  2. ^ a b Manufacturer press release, page 3
  3. ^ a b Durden, Rick (12 March 2014). "DAHER-SOCATA Reveals New TBM 900". AVweb. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Simpson 2006, p. 28.
  5. ^ Taylor 1988, p. 443.
  6. ^ a b Taylor 1988, p. 135.
  7. ^ Simpson 2006, p. 29.
  8. ^ Jackson 2003, p. 150.
  9. ^ News Release
  10. ^ DAHER-SOCATA reveals the TBM 900 very fast turboprop aircraft
  11. ^ "AERO 2012: Daher-Socata makes TBM 850 an Elite". Flightglobal. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  12. ^ J. Mac McClellan (June 2014). "TBM900". Sport Aviation: 76. 
  13. ^ a b Hoyle Flight International 13–19 December 2011, p. 39.
  • Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011. pp. 26–52.
  • Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
  • Simpson, Rob. "TBM 850: EADS Socata challenges the Very Light Jets". Air International, February 2006, Vol 70 No 2, pp. 28–31. ISSN 0306-5634/
  • Taylor, John W. R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5.

External links[edit]