Soccer-specific stadium (or football-specific stadium) is a term, coined by Lamar Hunt,[this quote needs a citation] used mainly in the United States and Canada[according to whom?] to refer to a sports stadium either purpose built or fundamentally redesigned for soccer (association football) and whose primary function is to host soccer matches, as opposed to a multipurpose stadium which is for a variety of sports including soccer. A soccer-specific stadium may host other events such as other sporting events (mostly lacrosse, American football and rugby football), and concerts, but the design and purpose of an soccer-specific stadium is primarily for soccer.[not specific enough to verify] Some facilities (most notably Toyota Park, FC Dallas Stadium and Columbus Crew Stadium) have a permanent stage at one end of the stadium used for the express purpose of staging concerts. The term "football-specific stadium" is sometimes used[by whom?] in countries where the sport is known as football rather than soccer, although the term is not common in countries where football is the dominant sport and thus football-specific stadiums are quite common, and a stadium not designed for the sport would be unthinkable.[according to whom?] The term tends to have a slightly different meaning in these countries, usually referring to a stadium without an athletics track surrounding the pitch.
Soccer-specific stadiums first came into use in the 1990s,[according to whom?] during the decline of the multi-purpose stadium era. Prior to this, professional soccer in the United States primarily used American football fields, many of which were oversized in terms of seating capacity, undersized in terms of width of the soccer pitch, and often used artificial turf (none of which, at the time, were approved for international soccer under FIFA rules). Although most of the newer baseball parks were a better fit for soccer,[according to whom?] having smaller capacities and a wider field in which to place the pitch, these parks were generally in-use during the summer season in which the United States plays most of its soccer. Thus, the professional soccer leagues in the United States began pressing for and constructing their own stadiums, much as the professional football and baseball teams had done in the years prior.
^"Laws of the Game 2010/2011" (PDF). FIFA. p. 7. Retrieved 2010-10-09. Although the official Laws of the Game allow for pitches in adult matches to be 100–130 yards (91–120 m) long by 50–100 yards (46–91 m) wide, the more restrictive range is specified for international matches.