Breguet Aviation

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Bréguet
Industry Aerospace
Fate Merged with Dassault
Successors Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation
Founded 1911
Founders Louis Charles Breguet
Defunct 1971
Headquarters France
Products Aircraft, Helicopter

The Société des Ateliers d'Aviation Louis Bréguet also known as Breguet Aviation was a former French aircraft manufacturer. The company was set up in 1911 by aviation pioneer Louis Charles Breguet.

The company together with the British Aircraft Corporation was a parent to SEPECAT which was formed to develop and produce the SEPECAT Jaguar aircraft.

In 1971 it merged with Dassault to form Avions Marcel Dassault-Breguet Aviation.

Aircraft (before merger with Dassault)[edit]

  • Breguet-Richet Gyroplane (1907) - experimental single seat helicopter-like craft with four rotors.
  • Breguet-Richet Gyroplane No.2 (1908) Tandem biplane with a pair of large inclined propellers providing both thrust and lift.
  • Breguet Type I (1909) - Single-seat tractor configuration biplane with boxkite-like tail on booms.
  • Breguet Type II (1910) - Development of the Type I, with a tricycle undercarriage and the tail carried at the end of a fuselage-like structure and a pair of booms.
  • Breguet Type III (1910) - Development of Type II, three-seat, rotary engine
  • Breguet Type IV (1911) - Experimental aircraft
Breguet Type R.U1 No.40i at the Musée des Arts et Métiers, Paris.
  • Breguet Type R.U1 (1911) - Single-engine biplane
  • Breguet Aerhydroplane (1913) - One-engine one-seat seaplane. Did not fly
  • Breguet Bre.4 (1914) - One-engine two-seat biplane bomber. Pusher configuration
  • Breguet Bre.5 (1915) - One-engine two-seat biplane escort fighter. Variant of Bre.4
  • Breguet 6 (1915) - Version of Breguet 5 with different engine
  • Breguet 12 (1918) - Version of Breguet 5 with 37mm cannon and searchlight (night fighter)
  • Breguet 14 (1916) - Single-engine two-seat biplane bomber aircraft
  • Breguet 16 (1918) - Larger version of Breguet 14. Bomber aircraft
  • Breguet 17 (1918) - Smaller version of Breguet 14. Fighter aircraft.
  • Breguet 19 (1922) - Single-engine two-seat biplane reconnaissance/light bomber/sport aircraft
  • Breguet 26T (1926) - Single-engine biplane eight-passenger airliner
  • Breguet 280T (1928) - Development of 26T with improved fuselage aerodynamics
  • License built Short S.8 Calcutta (1928) - Three-engine fifteen-seat biplane transport aircraft
  • Breguet 27 (1929) - Single-engine two-seat biplane reconnaissance aircraft
  • Breguet 270 (1929) - Development of 27 using steel chassis
  • Breguet 393T (1931) - Three-engine biplane airliner
  • Breguet 410 - Twin-engine light bomber[1]
  • Breguet 460 Vultur - Twin-engine light bomber
  • Breguet 470 (1936) - Twin-engine airliner, only one unit built.
  • Breguet 480 - Long range bomber project
  • Breguet 482 (1947) - Four engine bomber, designed prior to war, only a single unit built
  • Breguet 500 Colmar - Transport development of the Br.480
  • Breguet 521 Bizerte (1933) - Development of the S.8 Calcutta. Long-range patrol flying boat
  • Breguet 530 Saigon - Civilian version of 521
  • Breguet 693 (1938) - Twin-engine two-seat monoplane ground attack/fighter aircraft
  • Breguet 730 (1938) - Four-engine long-range flying boat. Piston engines. Also Br.731
  • Breguet Deux-Ponts (1949) - Br.761/763/765 Four-engine double-deck large airliner. Piston engines.
  • Breguet 790 Nautilus - Single-engine flying boat
  • Breguet 890 Mercure - Civil/military transport
  • Breguet Br 900 Louisette - (1948) Single-seat competition sailplane.
  • Breguet Br 901 Mouette - (1954) Single-seat competition sailplane.
  • Breguet Br 904 Nymphale - (1956) Two-seat sailplane.
  • Breguet Br 905 Fauvette - (1958) single-seat competition sailplane.
  • Breguet 940 - Four-engine STOL transport aircraft. Turboprop engines
  • Breguet 941 (1961) - Four-engine STOL transport aircraft. Turboprop engines
  • Breguet Vultur (1951) - Br.960 Twin-engine two-seat naval anti-submarine aircraft. Jet engine and turboprop engine (mixed power)
  • Breguet Taon (1957) - Br.1001 Single-engine single-seat jet strike aircraft.
  • Breguet Alizé (1956) - Br.1050 Single-engine three-seat naval anti-submarine aircraft. Turboprop engine
Breguet 1100

Leduc aircraft[edit]

Automobile production[edit]

Before 1914, in addition to producing aircraft, the firm produced a few six cylinder engined cars.

During the Second World War the company produced an electric car powered by batteries and propelled by an "off-the shelf" motor from Paris-Rhône.[2] The motor was capable of producing two different levels of output. "First gear" and "Reverse gear" were provided with 36 volts, while "Second gear" equated to 72 volts.[2] An advertisement for the car in 1941 claimed a range of 100 km (62 mi) between charges without mentioning that this range was only available where adhering to steady cruising speed of 20 km/h (12 mph).[2] Cruising at a steady 40 km/h (25 mph) would, on the same basis, have given a range of 65 km (40 mi).[2]

The car had a modern looking all enveloping two seater body with a relatively long tapered tail which contained the motor and some of the batteries.[2] It had four wheels but the rear axle, which delivered power to the road, was relatively narrow. The car was actively marketed during 1941 which was a period of price instability.[2] In August 1941 the Breguet electric car was priced at 56,000 francs: during the same month the Citroën Light bodied 11 (still listed, despite production by now being down to a trickle or suspended) was priced at 35,630 francs.[2]

The Breguet electric car was produced not at the firm's principal plant at Toulouse but at a smaller plant at Anglet (between Biarritz and Bayonne).[2]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Avions Breguet
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Automobilia". Toutes les voitures françaises 1948 (salon Paris oct 1947) (Paris: Histoire & collections). Nr. 26: Page 18. 1998. 

External links[edit]