Social Democratic Alliance
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|Social Democratic Alliance
|Chairperson||Árni Páll Árnason|
|Chairperson of the board||Margrét Sverrisdóttir|
|Chairperson of the parliamentary group||Helgi Hjörvar|
|Chairperson of the municipal council||Björk Vilhelmsdóttir|
|Founded||5 May 2000|
|Youth wing||Social Democratic Youth|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (Associate)|
|Seats in the parliament|
|Politics of Iceland
The Social Democratic Alliance (Icelandic: Samfylkingin-Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands) is a social-democratic political party in Iceland. It is centre-left in alignment. It became the largest party in the Icelandic parliament after the 2009 Icelandic election, forming a coalition government along with the Left-Green Movement, until the 2013 Icelandic election.
The Social Democratic Alliance was born in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 1999 as an alliance of the four left-wing parties that had existed in Iceland up till then: the Social Democratic Party (Alþýðuflokkurinn), the People's Alliance (Alþýðubandalagið), the Women's List (Samtök um kvennalista) and the National Awakening (Þjóðvaki). The parties then formally merged in May 2000 under the name "The Alliance" (Samfylkingin). The merger was a deliberate attempt to unify the entire Icelandic centre-left into one political party capable of countering the centre-right Independence Party. The initial attempt failed however as a group of Alþingi representatives rejected the new party's platform – which was inspired by that of Tony Blair's New Labour – and broke away before the merger to found the Left-Green Movement (Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð), based on more traditional democratic socialist values as well as green politics and euroscepticism. The Icelandic Movement – Living Country merged into the party in March 2009. In February 2013 the official name of the party was changed to "The Alliance – Social Democratic Party of Iceland" (Samfylkingin – Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands).
The current chair of the party is Árni Páll Árnason, who was elected in February 2013 to succeed Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, the outgoing Prime Minister of Iceland. Katrín Júlíusdóttir, formerly Minister of Industry and Minister of Finance in Jóhanna's cabinet, has been vice chair since the same date. The youth wing of the Social Democratic Alliance is Social Democratic Youth (Ungir Jafnaðarmenn).
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