Social Democratic Alliance

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This article is about the Icelandic political party. For other uses, see Social Democratic Alliance (disambiguation).
Social Democratic Alliance
Samfylkingin
Chairperson Árni Páll Árnason
Vice-chairperson Katrín Júlíusdóttir
Chairperson of the board Margrét Sverrisdóttir
Chairperson of the parliamentary group Helgi Hjörvar
Chairperson of the municipal council Björk Vilhelmsdóttir
Founded 5 May 2000
Merger of
Headquarters Hallveigarstígur 1,
101 Reykjavík
Youth wing Social Democratic Youth
Ideology Social democracy,
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (Associate)
Nordic affiliation SAMAK
Colours Red, Orange
Seats in the parliament
9 / 63
Website
www.samfylkingin.is
Politics of Iceland
Political parties
Elections

The Social Democratic Alliance (Icelandic: Samfylkingin-Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands) is a social-democratic[1][2][3] political party in Iceland. It is centre-left in alignment. It became the largest party in the Icelandic parliament after the 2009 Icelandic election, forming a coalition government along with the Left-Green Movement, until the 2013 Icelandic election.

The Social Democratic Alliance was born in the run-up to the parliamentary elections of 1999 as an alliance of the four left-wing parties that had existed in Iceland up till then: the Social Democratic Party (Alþýðuflokkurinn), the People's Alliance (Alþýðubandalagið), the Women's List (Samtök um kvennalista) and the National Awakening (Þjóðvaki).[4] The parties then formally merged in May 2000 under the name "The Alliance" (Samfylkingin). The merger was a deliberate attempt to unify the entire Icelandic centre-left into one political party capable of countering the centre-right Independence Party. The initial attempt failed however as a group of Alþingi representatives rejected the new party's platform – which was inspired by that of Tony Blair's New Labour – and broke away before the merger to found the Left-Green Movement (Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð), based on more traditional democratic socialist values as well as green politics and euroscepticism. The Icelandic Movement – Living Country merged into the party in March 2009.[5] In February 2013 the official name of the party was changed to "The Alliance – Social Democratic Party of Iceland" (Samfylkingin – Jafnaðarmannaflokkur Íslands).[6]

The current chair of the party is Árni Páll Árnason, who was elected in February 2013 to succeed Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, the outgoing Prime Minister of Iceland. Katrín Júlíusdóttir, formerly Minister of Industry and Minister of Finance in Jóhanna's cabinet, has been vice chair since the same date. The youth wing of the Social Democratic Alliance is Social Democratic Youth (Ungir Jafnaðarmenn).

Electoral results[edit]

Parliament[edit]

Election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Position
1999 Steady 44,378 Steady 26.8
17 / 63
Steady 0 Steady 2nd
2003 Increase 56,700 Increase 31.0
20 / 63
Increase 3 Steady 2nd
2007 Decrease 48,743 Decrease 26.8
18 / 63
Decrease 2 Steady 2nd
2009 Increase 55,758 Increase 29.8
20 / 63
Increase 2 Increase 1st
2013 Decrease 24,292 Decrease 12.9
9 / 63
Decrease 11 Decrease 3rd

Municipal[edit]

Reykjavik[edit]

Election # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Position
2010 Decrease 11,344 Decrease 19.1
3 / 15
Decrease 1 Decrease 3rd
2014 Increase 17,426 Increase 31.9
5 / 15
Increase 2 Increase 1st

Members of the parliament[edit]

Parliamentarian Since Title Constituency
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir Johanna sigurdardottir official portrait.jpg 1978 Prime Minister. Reykjavik Constituency North
Össur Skarphéðinsson Islandi välisminister Össur Skarphéðinsson avamas toiduturgu Islandi väljakul.jpg 1991 Foreign Minister Reykjavik Constituency South
Oddný G. Harðardóttir 2009 Financial minister South Constituency
Guðbjartur Hannesson 2009 Minister of Welfare Northwest Constituency
Katrín Júlíusdóttir 2003 Minister of Industry Southwest Constituency
Ásta Ragnheiður Jóhannesdóttir 1995 Speaker of the Parliament Reykjavik Constituency South
Magnús Orri Schram 2009 Leader of the Parliamentary group Southwest Constituency
Helgi Hjörvar 2003 Member of Parliament Reykjavik Constituency North
Valgerður Bjarnadóttir 2009 Member of Parliament Reykjavik Constituency North
Mörður Árnason 2003 Member of Parliament Reykjavik Constituency South
Sigríður Ingibjörg Ingadóttir 2009 Member of Parliament Reykjavik Constituency South
Skúli Helgason 2009 Member of Parliament Reykjavik Constituency South
Árni Páll Árnason 2007 Member of Parliament Southwest Constituency
Lúðvík Geirsson 2011 Member of Parliament Southwest Constituency
Ólína Þorvarðardóttir 2009 Member of Parliament Northwest Constituency
Kristján L. Möller 1999 Member of Parliament Northeast Constituency
Sigmundur Ernir Rúnarsson 2009 Member of Parliament Northeast Constituency
Jónína Rós Guðmundsdóttir 2009 Member of Parliament Northeast Constituency
Björgvin G. Sigurðsson 2003 Member of Parliament South Constituency
Róbert Marshall 2009 Member of Parliament South Constituency

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hans Slomp (30 September 2011). Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 680. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Claire Annesley (11 January 2013). Political and Economic Dictionary of Western Europe. Routledge. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-135-35547-0. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  3. ^ Åsa Bengtsson; Kasper Hansen; Ólafur Þ Harõarson; Hanne Marthe Narud, Henrik Oscarsson (15 November 2013). The Nordic Voter: Myths of Exceptionalism. ECPR Press. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-907301-50-6. 
  4. ^ Julia Kaute (2 December 2010). Warming up for the EU: Iceland and European Integration: An Analysis of the Factors Contributing to the Changing Perception of Iceland’s Political Elites Toward Membership in the European Union. GRIN Verlag. p. 45. ISBN 978-3-640-76745-8. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Major political party conferences underway in Iceland | IceNews - Daily News". Icenews.is. 2009-03-29. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  6. ^ Ísland. "Nafni Samfylkingarinnar breytt | RÚV". Ruv.is. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 

External links[edit]