Social Democratic Labour Party of Georgia

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Menshevik Flag of Georgia, created by Iakob Nikoladze
Karl Kautsky with the Georgian Social-Democrats, Tbilisi, 1920.
In the first row: S. Devdariani, Noe Ramishvili, Noe Zhordania, Karl Kautsky and his wife Luise Kautsky (de), S. Jibladze, R. Arsenidze;
in the second row: Kautsky's secretary Olberg, E. Tevzaia, K. Gvarjaladze, K. Sabakhtarashvili, S. Tevzadze, Urushadze, R. Tsintsabadze

Russian Empire[edit]

The Social Democratic Labour Party of Georgia was a Marxist political party in Georgia, founded in 1890's by Nikolay Chkheidze, Silibistro Jibladze, Egnate Ninoshvili, Noe Zhordania and others. It became the Georgian branch of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.

After 1903 year, Georgian social democrates joined the faction Menshevik, except some ones as Staline, Ordzhonikidze or Makharadze.

Several leaders were elected to Russian Duma, in Kutaîs or Tiflis, Nikolay Chkheidze, Akaki Chkhenkeli, Evgeni Gegechkori, Isidore Ramishvili, Irakly Tsereteli, Noe Zhordania.

Democratic Republic of Georgia[edit]

The party dominated political life in the Democratic Republic of Georgia from 1918 to 1921. At parliamentary elections on February 14, 1919 it garnered 81.5% of the votes.

In the words of the modern Armenian American scholar, Ronald Grigor Suny, "Their achievement in building a Georgian political nation was extraordinary. Their support among all classes of the Georgian people was genuine. And however ephemeral their accomplishments in the brief episode of national independence, the most impressive testimony to their successes is the fact that they could not be dislodged from Georgia except by a militarily superior force from outside."[1]

In March 1921 it was overthrown by the Red Army invasion.

1924 Georgian Uprising[edit]

The party was liquidated in Georgia during the Soviet repressions predating to the failed anti-Soviet August Uprising in 1924.

Exile[edit]

From 1921 onwards, the party began operating in exile, particularly in France, Germany (until 1933) and the United States. A 'Foreign Bureau' was set up as the new leading organ of the party. The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940.[2]

Notable Georgian Social Democrates[edit]

References[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]