List of countries by Social Progress Index

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Social Progress Index)
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of the results.

The Social Progress Index measures the extent to which countries provide for the social and environmental needs of their citizens. Fifty-two indicators in the areas of basic human needs, foundations of wellbeing, and opportunity to progress show the relative performance of nations. The index is published by the nonprofit Social Progress Imperative, and is based on the writings of Amartya Sen, Douglass North, and Joseph Stiglitz.[1] The SPI measures the well-being of a society by observing social and environmental outcomes directly rather than the economic factors. The social and environmental factors include personal safety, ecosystem sustainability, health and wellness, shelter, sanitation, equity and inclusion and personal freedom and choice.[2]

On July 11, 2013, Social Progress Imperative Chairmain, and professor at Harvard Business School, Michael E. Porter addressed the United Nations 6th Ministerial Forum for Development and discussed the Social Progress Index.[3]

2014 Social Progress Index[edit]

Country Rank (SPI) Social Progress Index Rank (BHN) Basic Human Needs Rank (FW) Foundations of Well-being Rank (O) Opportunity
 New Zealand 1 88.24 18 91.74 6 84.97 1 88.01
  Switzerland 2 88.19 2 94.87 1 89.78 12 79.92
 Iceland 3 88.07 7 94.32 2 88.19 9 81.71
 Netherlands 4 87.37 8 93.91 3 87.56 11 80.63
 Norway 5 87.12 10 93.59 4 86.94 10 80.82
 Sweden 6 87.08 5 94.59 9 84.71 7 81.95
 Canada 7 86.95 11 93.52 17 80.31 2 87.02
 Finland 8 86.91 4 94.63 11 84.17 8 81.92
 Denmark 9 86.55 1 95.73 8 84.82 13 79.1
 Australia 10 86.1 14 92.47 18 80.27 3 85.54
 Austria 11 85.11 6 94.57 5 86.35 20 74.42
 Germany 12 84.61 12 93.08 7 84.96 16 75.81
 United Kingdom 13 84.56 16 91.9 19 79.47 6 82.29
 Japan 14 84.21 3 94.72 21 79.25 14 78.67
 Ireland 15 84.05 9 93.63 37 75.89 4 82.63
 United States 16 82.77 23 89.82 36 75.96 5 82.54
 Belgium 17 82.63 13 92.74 23 78.81 15 76.34
 Slovenia 18 81.65 15 92.05 12 83.6 25 69.3
 Estonia 19 81.28 28 87.13 10 84.39 22 72.32
 France 20 81.11 19 91.23 20 79.37 21 72.72
 Spain 21 80.77 22 90.22 28 76.9 17 75.19
 Portugal 22 80.49 20 90.93 33 76.11 19 74.43
 Czech Republic 23 80.41 17 91.77 13 83.26 29 66.21
 Slovakia 24 78.93 21 90.49 14 83.25 35 63.04
 Costa Rica 25 77.75 42 82.66 16 80.53 24 70.04
 Uruguay 26 77.51 34 85.79 48 72.18 18 74.56
 Poland 27 77.44 36 84.72 15 81.1 28 66.5
 South Korea 28 77.18 24 88.69 32 76.26 27 66.58
 Italy 29 76.93 30 86.73 26 77.48 26 66.58
 Chile 30 76.3 39 83.85 45 72.99 23 72.06
 Latvia 31 73.91 41 82.77 22 79.11 41 59.85
 Hungary 32 73.87 33 86.24 50 71.91 32 63.46
 Lithuania 33 73.76 48 81.47 24 77.96 38 61.84
 Mauritius 34 73.68 31 86.39 54 71.43 34 63.21
 Greece 35 73.43 29 86.99 41 74.85 43 58.45
 Croatia 36 73.31 26 88.16 29 76.87 57 54.88
 United Arab Emirates 37 72.92 25 88.62 30 76.74 60 53.39
 Panama 38 72.58 57 77.39 25 77.85 37 62.48
 Israel 39 71.4 35 85.77 52 71.57 50 56.87
 Kuwait 40 70.66 27 87.56 44 73.11 67 51.32
 Serbia 41 70.61 47 81.86 27 77.1 62 52.87
 Argentina 42 70.59 54 77.77 58 70.62 33 63.38
 Jamaica 43 70.39 76 69.23 31 76.34 30 65.6
 Bulgaria 44 70.24 45 82.01 51 71.72 49 56.98
 Malaysia 45 70 32 86.27 34 76.06 76 47.68
 Brazil 46 69.97 74 71.09 38 75.78 36 63.03
 Trinidad and Tobago 47 69.88 64 74.44 53 71.48 31 63.73
 Albania 48 69.13 50 80.12 43 73.13 58 54.14
 Macedonia 49 68.33 46 81.87 69 67.9 55 55.23
 Ecuador 50 68.15 70 72.98 35 75.97 52 55.51
 Romania 51 67.72 68 73.71 42 74.54 56 54.91
 Colombia 52 67.24 75 69.56 39 75.72 51 56.45
 Montenegro 53 66.8 51 78.91 65 69.01 65 52.48
 Mexico 54 66.41 66 74.18 72 67.37 47 57.67
 Peru 55 66.29 79 68.71 46 72.94 48 57.21
 Philippines 56 65.86 81 66.76 63 69.17 39 61.63
 Botswana 57 65.6 83 65.88 47 72.67 44 58.25
 Belarus 58 65.2 38 84.13 73 67.35 91 44.13
 Thailand 59 65.14 67 74.1 49 71.97 72 49.34
 Armenia 60 65.03 52 78.42 62 69.27 79 47.39
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 61 64.99 37 84.52 89 63.53 80 46.93
 Ukraine 62 64.91 53 77.98 92 61.42 54 55.33
 El Salvador 63 64.7 78 68.98 75 67.2 46 57.92
 Turkey 64 64.62 43 82.1 82 64.36 77 47.41
 Saudi Arabia 65 64.38 40 83.12 60 69.84 106 40.18
 Georgia 66 63.94 63 75.11 70 67.64 73 49.07
 Venezuela 67 63.78 85 65.47 40 75.02 68 50.86
 Dominican Republic 68 63.03 84 65.78 56 71.38 66 51.93
 South Africa 69 62.96 94 60.2 71 67.49 40 61.19
 Tunisia 70 62.96 56 77.72 77 66.76 90 44.39
 Bolivia 71 62.9 88 63.44 55 71.42 59 53.85
 Paraguay 72 62.65 90 63.41 78 66.4 45 58.16
 Azerbaijan 73 62.44 60 76.19 67 68.59 99 42.54
 Nicaragua 74 62.33 91 63.31 57 70.91 63 52.77
 Jordan 75 61.92 49 81.31 94 61.15 93 43.29
 Guatemala 76 61.37 82 66.5 68 67.95 71 49.67
 Honduras 77 61.28 89 63.42 59 70.57 70 49.84
 Namibia 78 61.19 96 59.01 64 69.1 53 55.46
 Cuba 79 61.07 44 82.1 103 58.11 95 42.99
 Russia 80 60.79 72 72.15 87 63.66 81 46.58
 Moldova 81 60.12 71 72.65 99 59.66 75 48.04
 Guyana 82 60.06 80 68.49 102 58.36 61 53.35
 Lebanon 83 60.05 65 74.35 93 61.28 89 44.52
 Egypt 84 59.97 58 76.77 66 68.98 119 34.17
 Sri Lanka 85 59.71 77 69.05 74 67.27 98 42.8
 Kazakhstan 86 59.47 62 75.14 111 54.8 74 48.47
 Algeria 87 59.13 59 76.25 83 64.25 116 36.9
 Indonesia 88 58.98 87 63.65 61 69.42 92 43.86
 Mongolia 89 58.97 102 53.67 85 63.67 42 59.56
 China 90 58.67 69 73.02 84 63.78 110 39.21
 Morocco 91 58.01 73 71.86 90 62.57 107 39.6
 Uzbekistan 92 57.34 61 75.88 115 53.28 97 42.87
 Kyrgyzstan 93 57.08 86 64.42 97 60.54 83 46.26
 Iran 94 56.65 55 77.76 101 58.36 121 33.82
 Tajikistan 95 56.05 92 62.68 96 60.88 88 44.6
 Ghana 96 55.96 103 52.39 80 65.63 69 49.85
 Senegal 97 53.52 101 54.11 88 63.55 96 42.9
 Laos 98 52.41 97 59.01 91 61.58 118 36.65
 Bangladesh 99 52.04 98 57.28 100 59.4 108 39.44
 Cambodia 100 51.89 110 47.44 76 66.89 103 41.33
   Nepal 101 51.58 99 57.13 98 60.12 115 37.49
 India 102 50.24 100 54.48 108 56.84 109 39.39
 Kenya 103 50.2 111 45.8 79 66.38 113 38.41
 Zambia 104 49.88 124 38.57 86 63.67 78 47.41
 Rwanda 105 49.46 106 50.14 105 58.01 105 40.23
 Benin 106 49.11 109 47.76 107 57.24 100 42.33
 Lesotho 107 48.94 116 43.17 119 51.07 64 52.57
 Swaziland 108 48.87 105 50.26 116 53.05 94 43.29
 Malawi 109 48.79 113 44.92 110 55.65 84 45.8
 Republic of Congo 110 47.99 128 34.18 81 64.38 86 45.42
 Uganda 111 47.75 115 43.19 95 61 111 39.05
 Burkina Faso 112 47.33 121 40.16 109 56.07 85 45.75
 Mali 113 46.85 112 45.73 117 52.72 101 42.11
 Tanzania 114 46.06 123 38.79 106 57.27 102 42.1
 Djibouti 115 45.95 95 59.82 132 41.34 117 36.68
 Cameroon 116 45.51 114 44.13 114 53.73 112 38.65
 Mozambique 117 45.23 119 41.19 120 49.86 87 44.64
 Iraq 118 44.84 93 60.82 128 46.36 129 27.35
 Madagascar 119 44.28 122 39.73 118 51.9 104 41.2
 Liberia 120 44.02 125 36.77 121 48.99 82 46.29
 Mauritania 121 43.11 107 49.43 112 54.03 131 25.88
 Togo 122 42.8 120 40.67 113 53.78 120 33.96
 Nigeria 123 42.65 126 36.57 104 58.08 122 33.29
 Pakistan 124 42.4 104 51.24 124 47.75 127 28.22
 Yemen 125 40.23 108 48.5 123 47.88 132 24.31
 Niger 126 40.1 129 33.74 122 48.87 114 37.7
 Angola 127 39.93 118 41.67 127 46.38 124 31.75
 Sudan 128 38.45 117 42.27 126 46.57 130 26.5
 Guinea 129 37.41 127 36.48 130 45.02 125 30.73
 Burundi 130 37.33 130 32.84 129 46.05 123 33.1
 Central African Republic 131 34.17 131 27.42 125 47.38 128 27.7
 Chad 132 32.6 132 25.94 131 42.42 126 29.45

Methodology[edit]

The Social Progress Imperative evaluated hundreds of possible indicators while developing the Social Progress Index, including engaging researchers at MIT to determine what indicators best differentiated the performance of nations. The index uses outcome measures when there is sufficient data available or the closest possible proxies.[4]

The three different dimensions of the model—Basic Human Needs, Foundations of Wellbeing, and Opportunity—are each weighted equally in the overall index; each of these dimensions is calculated as the sum of four components, each of which is equally weighted. Finally, each component is based on a varying number of individual indicators of social progress within that component. The component scores are calculated using a procedure called principal component factor analysis, which allows one to calculate an aggregate score from multiple indicators related to a common concept.[4]

Report Findings[edit]

Economic development is necessary but not sufficient for social progress. A country’s overall level of development masks social and environmental strengths and challenges. At a disaggregated level, the social progress index shows areas of underperformance and success for countries at all income levels.[5]

For example, many rich nations perform poorly on some measures[5]

  • The United States (which spends the most per capita on healthcare globally) ranks 11th in terms of Health and Wellness.[5]
  • Australia (7th on the Index, 6th in terms of GDP) ranks 22nd for Shelter.[5]
  • Spain (10th overall, and 11th in terms of GDP) ranks 22nd for Personal Freedom and Choice.[5]

While many poorer nations perform better than expected based on their level of income[5]

  • Rwanda is 46th overall and 48th in terms of GDP but ranks 9th in terms of Primary School Enrollment.[5]
  • Mozambique is 47th overall and bottom (50th) in terms of GDP, but ranks 14th in terms of Equality and Inclusion.[5]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Beyond GDP". The Economist. 18 April 2013. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Social Progress Index: Measuring National Progress". Social Progress Imperitive. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Michael E Porter at the UN 6th Ministerial Forum for Development". 17 Jul 2013. Retrieved 27 Jul 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Social Progress Index 2013 Methodology". Social Progress Imperative. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "Social Progress Index 2013 Findings". Social Progress Imperative. Retrieved 1 August 2013.