Social Security Organization

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Social Security Organization
سازمان تامین اجتماعی
Tamin logo.png
Agency overview
Formed 1975
Jurisdiction Islamic Republic of Iran
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Agency executive Seyed Naghi Nourbakhsh, Tehran, Iran
Parent agency Ministry of Welfare and Social Security (Iran)
Website www.tamin.ir/

Social Security Organization (SSO) is a social insurer organization in Iran which provides coverage of wage-earners and salaried workers as well as voluntary coverage of self-employed persons. In 1975, the Social Security Law was approved and the SSO was established.[1]

Iran did not legislate in favor of a universal social protection, but in 1996, the Center of the Statistics of Iran estimated that more than 73% of the Iranian population was covered by social security.[2] Membership in the social security system is compulsory for all employees.[3]

SSO is a nongovernmental organization and it is solely financed by contributions (with participation of insured (7%), employer (20-23%) and government (3%)).[1][4][5] Social protection is extended to the self-employed workers, who voluntarily contribute between 12% and 18% of income depending on the protection sought. SSO provides the following services:[6]

  1. Retirement, disability and death;
  2. Unemployment;
  3. Old-age;
  4. Helplessness, loss of caretaker and social vulnerabilities;
  5. Accidents and injuries;
  6. Physical, mental and psychic disability;
  7. Health care and medical insurance;
  8. Protecting mothers especially during the maternity period and child-rearing;
  9. Protecting orphan children and unprotected women;
  10. Planning particular insurance system for widows, old women and self-dependent women;
  11. Poverty and inequity alleviation;
  12. Assistance and rescue.

Civil servants, the regular military, law enforcement agencies, and the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Iran’s second major military organization, have their own pension systems.

Statistics[edit]

  • Number of insured (18–65 years old): 12 million (2014) [7]
  • Number of whole beneficiaries: 37 million (2014) [7]
  • Retirees and beneficiaries: 2 million (old age, disabilities and survivors) (2013)[7]

Affiliated institutions[edit]

  • The Social Security Investment Company (SSIC aka "SHASTA")[8]
    • Sadere Tamin Company (Tile and Ceramic)
    • Tamin Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Company
    • Tamin Gas and Oil Investment Company
    • Tamin Pharmaceutical Investment Company
    • Tamin Nourishment Investment Company
    • Pars Hotels Investment Company
    • Saba Tamin Company
  • Iran Khanesazi Investment Company (housing)
  • Refah Bank
  • The Tamin ICT & Management Consultancy Service Company
  • Social Security Auditing Company
  • Social Security Real Estate Agency
  • Kar & Tamin Company
  • The SSO Milad-e-Salamat Health and Medical Institute
  • Hekmat Medical Group Company (ltd.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www2.tamin.org.ir/web/sso-en/gi/history
  2. ^ "Iran: Country Brief". Development Progress. World Bank. June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-12. 
  3. ^ Rouznameh, Rasmi (November 20, 1990). "Labour Code". International Labour Organization. Retrieved 2009-03-01. 
  4. ^ http://www2.tamin.org.ir/web/sso-en/finance/resource
  5. ^ https://www.socialsecurity.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/ssptw/2004-2005/asia/iran.html
  6. ^ http://www2.tamin.org.ir/web/sso-en/gi/comprehens
  7. ^ a b c http://www.tamin.ir/News/Item/607/2/607.html
  8. ^ http://www.tehran.sso.ir/web/sso-en/sp/sso/affiliate/investment

External links[edit]