Social integration

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Social integration is the set of arrangements adopted by the society and the group to accept a new member among them, and to facilitate this acceptance process. These arrangements are taken on different levels since social integration cannot succeed on one level and fail on another level. Example: education cannot be ensured without ensuring mechanism for social promotion. And neither education, nor work can be ensured without ensuring in front of the law, etc. In tolerant and open societies, members of minority groups can often use social integration to gain full access to the opportunities, rights and services available to the members of the mainstream of society. Major agents of social integration are cultural institutions such as churches and civic organizations. Mass media content also performs a social integration function in mass societies.

Definition[edit]

The term "social integration" first came into use in the work of French sociologist Emile Durkheim. He wanted to understand why rates of suicide were higher in some social classes than others. Durkhiem believed that society exerted a powerful force on individuals. He concluded that a people's beliefs, values, and norms make up a collective consciousnesss, a shared way of understanding each other and the world.

Uses[edit]

In the emerging world of social networking applications on the internet, social integration is a term that can be considered when members are being transparent in all of their various work, personal, faith and local community interactions.[citation needed]

A 2012 research review found that working-class students were less socially integrated than middle-class students at university.[1][2]

Recent research also shows that immigrants should be independent and proactive in order to achieve better social integration in their host countries.[3] For further information, see here.[4][5]

The United Nations has a Social Integration Branch, which is a part of the Division for Social Policy and Development (Department of Economic and Social Affairs). It also issues a quarterly publication named Bulletin on Social Integration Policies.[6] The UN Alliance of Civilizations[7] initiative works on Migration and Integration as a key for intercultural understanding. An Online Community on Migration and Integration[8] shows Good Practices from around the world.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rubin, M. (2012). Social class differences in social integration among students in higher education: A meta-analysis and recommendations for future research. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education, 5, 22-38.
  2. ^ Working-Class Students are Left Out at University Mark Rubin's Social Psychology Research, retrieved 29 March 2013
  3. ^ Rubin, M., Watt, S. E., & Ramelli, M. (2012). Immigrants’ social integration as a function of approach-avoidance orientation and problem-solving style. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 36, 498-505. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.12.009
  4. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/markrubinsocialpsychresearch/immigrants-should-be-independent-and-proactive-to-achieve-better-social-integration
  5. ^ Sami,N.,Habib, S.E.
  6. ^ "UNDESA - Division for Social Policy and Development (DSPD)". Un.org. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Migration & Integration | Building Inclusive Societies". Unaoc.org. 2012-03-15. Retrieved 2014-06-27.