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A Social system is the patterned series of interrelationships existing between individuals, groups, and institutions and forming a coherent whole.
Talcott Parsons was the first to formulate a systematic theory of social systems, which he did as a part of his AGIL paradigm. He defined a social system as only a segment (or a "subsystem") of what he called action theory.
Jay Wright Forrester described three counter-intuitive behaviours as important: causes from symptoms are often far removed in time and space, identifying leverage points and conflicting short and long-term consequences.
Niklas Luhmann believes in the significance of communicative processes
- Open and closed systems in social science
- Social network
- Social web
- Systems psychology
- Systems theory in anthropology
- Parsons, Talcott. (1970). The System of Modern Societies, New York
- Parsons, Talcott. (1977). Social Systems and the Evolution of Action Theory, New York
- Parsons, Talcott. (1978). Action Theory and the Human Condition, New York
- "Definition". Merriam Webster. November 2014. Retrieved November 2014.
- Parsons, Talcott. (1951). The Social System. New York: Free Press.
- Forrester, Jay. 1971. Counterintuitive behavior of social systems. Chapter VI. Technology Review 73(3): 52–68