Socialism: Utopian and Scientific
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Socialism: Utopian and Scientific (Die Entwicklung des Sozialismus von der Utopie zur Wissenschaft) is an extract from Anti-Dühring, a polemic against philosopher Eugen Dühring published by Friedrich Engels in 1878. Composed of the introduction and Part 3, Chapter 2 of Anti-Duhring, it was first published in France in 1880. The title Socialism: Utopian and Scientific was adopted for the English publication in 1892.
The main idea of Socialism: Utopian and Scientific is that there is a distinction between scientific socialism and utopian socialism. Engels begins by chronicaling the thought of utopian socialists, starting with Saint-Simon. He then proceeds to Fourier and Robert Owen. In chapter two, he summarizes dialectics, and then chronicles the thought from the ancient Greeks to Hegel. Chapter three summarizes dialectics in relation to economic and social struggles, essentially echoing the words of Marx.
- Marx and Engels: Basic writings on Politics and Philosophy
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