Socialism and Freedom Party
|Socialism and Freedom Party
Partido Socialismo e Liberdade
|Founded||June 6, 2004|
|Headquarters||SDS, Edificio Venâncio V, Loja 28
|Political position||Left-wing to Far-left|
|International affiliation||Different groups in the PSOL have different international affiliations.|
|TSE Identification Number||50|
|Seats in the Chamber of Deputies|
|Seats in the Senate|
|Seats in the Legislative Assemblies of the States|
|Seats in City Councils|
|Politics of Brazil
The Socialism and Freedom Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialismo e Liberdade IPA: [paʁˈtʃidu sosjɐˈlizmw i libeʁˈdadʒi], PSOL IPA: [peˈsɔw]) is a Brazilian political party (11.000 members). Among the party leaders are Heloísa Helena (Alagoas), federal deputies Luciana Genro (Rio Grande do Sul) and Babá (Pará), and a number of well-known Brazilian left-wing leaders and intellectuals, such as Milton Temer, Marcelo Freixo, Chico Alencar, Plínio de Arruda Sampaio, Renato Roseno, Carlos Nelson Coutinho, Ricardo Antunes, Francisco de Oliveira, João Machado, Pedro Ruas and others.
PSOL was formed after Heloísa Helena, Luciana Genro, Babá and João Fontes (also a federal deputy, now a member of the Democratic Labour Party, PDT) were expelled from the Workers' Party, after voting against the pension reform proposed by Lula. After collecting more than 438,000 signatures, PSOL became Brazil's 29th officially recognized political party, the first to do so by this method. PSOL claims the left opposition of the Workers' Party current government.
Members of the National Congress
Following the 2010 general election, PSOL currently has one senator and three federal deputies in the National Congress of Brazil. Although being very small in parliament, PSOL is the 5th most claimed party in Brazil  and it's recognized as different party of the biggers PSDB and PT and the parties without ideologies.
|Randolfe Rodrigues||Amapá||Socialist Popular Action|
|Francisco "Chico" Alencar||RJ|
|Ivan Valente||SP||Socialist Popular Action|
|Janira Rocha||RJ||Land and Freedom Movement|
|Carlos Giannazi||SP||aligned with Left Socialist Movement|
|Edmilson Costa||Pará||Socialist Popular Action|
|Clécio Luís||Macapá||Socialist Popular Action|
|Gelsimar Gonzaga||Itaocara||Socialist Workers Tendency|
PSOL launched Heloísa Helena to run for president in 2006 elections. The vice-presidential candidate was intellectual César Benjamin. The party ran in a left-wing ticket along with two other parties: trotskyist United Socialist Workers' Party (PSTU) and communist Brazilian Communist Party (PCB).
The alliance was extended to gubernatorial elections. In Minas Gerais, for instance, Vanessa Portugal, from the PSTU, ran for governor with PSOL's support, although not with PCB's. Prominent PSOL gubernatorial candidates were Plínio de Arruda Sampaio in São Paulo, Milton Temer in Rio de Janeiro and Roberto Robaina in Rio Grande do Sul. However, they were all defeated.
Heloísa Helena finished the presidential race in the third place, receiving 6.5 million votes throughout the country (6.85% of the valid votes). Three federal deputies managed to get re-elected. In the 2010 candidate for presidential election Plínio de Arruda Sampaio received 888.000 votes (0,87%).
|Election year||Candidate||1st round||2nd round|
|# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall votes||% of overall vote|
|2006||Heloísa Helena||6,575,393||6.9 (#3)|
|2010||Plínio de Arruda Sampaio||886,816||0.9 (#4)|
Chamber of Deputies
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Government||Notes|
|Election year||# of overall votes||% of overall vote||# of overall seats won||+/-||Notes|
45 - BSDP (PSDB)
|Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
50 - SFP (PSOL)
56 - PRNO (PRONA) - defunct
65 - CPB (PCdoB)