Socialist Alliance (Australia)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the political party. For the similarly named activist organisation, see Socialist Alternative (Australia).
Socialist Alliance
Leader Collective Leadership with National Co-convenors (Susan Price and Alex Bainbridge)
Founded 2001
Headquarters 22–36 Mountain St, Ultimo, NSW 2007
Ideology Socialism,
Anti-capitalism,
Ecosocialism,
Environmentalism
Political position Far-left
Website
http://www.socialist-alliance.org/
Politics of Australia
Political parties
Elections

The Socialist Alliance is a radical socialist party in Australia which engages in a combination of grass roots activism and electoral politics. With branches in most states and territories,[1] and electoral registration federally and in a number of states, it claims to be the largest group on the Australian far Left.[2]

Due to its unusual structure as a broad alliance, rather than a politically homogeneous socialist organisation, the Socialist Alliance places less emphasis on expounding one particular tradition or version of socialism as do many other socialist groups. The Socialist Alliance’s stated aim is to “replace the capitalist system with one in which the fundamental elements of the economy are socially owned and controlled and democratic systems of popular power established” through a “sustained mass campaign of total opposition to capitalism”.[3]

The Socialist Alliance participates in elections as one avenue for promoting socialist ideas, but it also places a heavy emphasis on grass roots campaigning and activism between elections. It is involved in the trade union, education, and climate change movements, as well as numerous other grass roots campaigns including refugee rights, same-sex marriage rights, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rights, climate change, and international solidarity with movements such as the Palestinian struggle for national self-determination, the Bolivarian Revolution in Latin America,[4] and social-justice and pro-democracy movements in South East Asia.

The Socialist Alliance also opposes US and Australian military interventions such as the Afghanistan and Iraq, and played a leading role in founding the Stop the War Coalition in a number of cities.

History[edit]

Formation and growth[edit]

The Socialist Alliance was founded in 2001 as a loose alliance of socialist organisations and individuals. The project was initiated by the Democratic Socialist Perspective and the International Socialist Organisation along with 6 other founding socialist organisations, to create greater left unity in the aftermath of the protest of the World Economic Forum in Melbourne on 11–13 September 2000.

Many non-aligned socialists were attracted by the idea of left unity, and soon after its formation the Socialist Alliance grew to a point where a majority of its members were not members of any of the affiliate organisations.[5]

Debate on form[edit]

In response to this growth, the Democratic Socialist Perspective and many non-aligned members won a majority at successive national conferences for measures that would move the Socialist Alliance in the direction of becoming a united socialist party, rather than simply an alliance of groups and individuals.

Most of the affiliate organisations, however, in particular the International Socialist Organisation, preferred to keep the Socialist Alliance as a broad left-wing electoral front for socialist organisations and individuals.

In late 2003, the Democratic Socialist Party resolved to become a "a Marxist tendency in the Socialist Alliance", renaming itself the "Democratic Socialist Perspective" as a step towards turning the Socialist Alliance into a "Multi-Tendency Socialist Party". This move was supported by some 75% of conference delegates at the Socialist Alliance's national conference that year,[6] although other affiliates remained opposed.

The 2005 National Conference saw the emergence of a number of particularly sharp political differences. These centred on: the extent to which the Socialist Alliance should criticise the Australian Labor Party; whether the organisation should have a formal relationship with the newspaper associated with the Democratic Socialist Perspective, Green Left Weekly, as a step towards Socialist Alliance itself having its own newspaper; and whether non-aligned members should have an automatic majority on the organisation's national executive.

Withdrawals and merger[edit]

Following this conference three of the leading members of a "Non-Aligned Caucus" and most of the active affiliate organisations gradually withdrew from the Socialist Alliance. The "Non Aligned Caucus" was an ad hoc grouping of members who weren't aligned to any affiliated organisation which formed[7] in the lead up to the 2003 national conference.

In January 2010, the Democratic Socialist Perspective voted to merge into the Socialist Alliance, in effect ceasing to exist as an affiliate organisation.[8]

Recent discussions with Socialist Alternative[edit]

In September 2012 the Socialist Alliance initiated unity discussions with Socialist Alternative, the other main group on the Australian far-left.[9][10] At the time, Socialist Alternative were in unity discussions with the Revolutionary Socialist Party (Australia) which lead to a merge in early 2013.

After approximately a year of leadership discussions, joint forums and participation by Socialist Alliance at Socialist Alternative's Marxism conference, the Socialist Alternative leadership publicly announced that they were pulling out unity discussions in November 2013, but remained open to ongoing collaboration.[11] Socialist Alternative claimed the Socialist Alliance's approach to a Transitional Program and electoral politics was "not sufficiently similar to carry through a sustained and productive unity."[12]

While the Socialist Alliance welcomed the opportunity for ongoing collaboration,[13] it was critical of Socialist Alternative's reasons for withdrawal.[14] Leading Socialist Alliance member Dave Holmes accused the Socialist Alternative of "sticking with its very narrow, propagandist view of socialist politics" rather than seeking to unite to appeal to socialists more broadly.[15] The Socialist Alliance published the full correspondence on the unity discussions in its discussion bulletin, Alliance Voices.[12]

Merger with Resistance[edit]

At its national conference in 2014, the socialist youth organisation Resistance voted to merge with the Socialist Alliance and become its official youth organisation.[16] The new organisation renamed itself Resistance: Young Socialist Alliance.[17]

Branches and Membership numbers[edit]

In addition to having branches in all the major capital cities Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra, Brisbane, Perth, Hobart and Adelaide, the Socialist Alliance also maintains branches in and around a number of regional centres, including in Wollongong, Newcastle, Armidale, Fremantle, Geelong, and Cairns.[18]

The Socialist Alliance also has individual members spread across rural and regional Australia, and expressed plans to form a branch in Gladstone, Queensland.[19]

The Socialist Alliance is a registered political party at a federal level,[20] and annually maintains[21] electoral registration in New South Wales[22] and in Victoria.[23]

Federal registration requires 500 members,[24] Victorian registration also requires 500 members in Victoria,[23] and 750 members are needed for NSW registration.[25]

These figures reflect electorally registered members, however, and may not be an accurate measure of active or financial membership. A Socialist Alliance Perspectives resolution published in Alliance Voices in February 2012, suggests a membership figure of approximately 600,[26] making it the largest organisation on the Australian far-left - approximately twice the size of the next-largest group, Socialist Alternative.[27]

Socialist Alliance members are generally organised in branches of at least 7 financial members, however the party Constitution allows for “at large” members living in areas with no nearby branch structure to join.[28]

Publications[edit]

Websites[edit]

The Socialist Alliance website carries all of the organisation’s press releases, public statements and articles by members, as well as the Constitution and a detailed set of policy documents. Socialist Alliance local councillors Sam Wainwright and Sue Bolton also maintain the individual websites (Sam’s Freo Report and Sue’s Moreland Report).

Draft Program[edit]

In addition to material published on the party website, in 2012 the Socialist Alliance produced a draft programmatic document called Towards a Socialist Australia, which was made available both online and in print form.

Towards a Socialist Australia was not intended to be a final document, but rather as a means of starting “a broad discussion about socialism we will advance and further unite the socialist movement in Australia.”[29]

Discussion Bulletin[edit]

The Socialist Alliance internal discussion bulletin Alliance Voices is published online and is publically available as a downloadable file on an ad hoc basis.

Newspapers and journals[edit]

The newspaper Green Left Weekly – which is politically associated with the Socialist Alliance – runs a weekly Socialist Alliance column called Our Common Cause.the Socialist Alliance also has a close working relationship with Links – International Journal of Socialist Renewal.

For around one year the Socialist Alliance published a quarterly journal, Seeing Red, the final issue of which came out in March 2006.

The Brisbane local newspaper The Westender[30] has also run a column written by the Socialist Alliance, and its members have been published on sites such as ABC's The Drum and Online Opinion.

Books and pamphlets[edit]

The Socialist Alliance and its members have published a large number of pamphlets and books, primarily through Resistance Books, on a range of historical, political and social justice issues.

In 2013, Resistance Books published Conflict in the Unions by Douglas Jordan, a systematic examination of the political (rather than industrial) activity of the Communist Party of Australia in the trade union movement between 1945 and 1960, in particular trade union support for the peace movement, attitudes towards the post-war mass immigration program, and the emerging Aboriginal civil rights movement.

In 2009, Terry Townsend wrote The Aboriginal Struggle and the Left, which examines the role of the Communist Party, militant unions and socialist activists in supporting the Indigenous movement through a decades-long ‘black-red alliance’.

Also through Resistance Books, in 2000 Michael Karadjis published Bosnia, Kosova and the West – The Yugoslav Tragedy: A Marxist View, providing a Marxist analysis of the break-up of the former Yugoslavia, and arguing that the West’s concern over human rights was designed to mask the pursuit geopolitical interests in the region.

In 2013, Zed Books published Latin America's Turbulent Transitions: The Future of Twenty-First Century Socialism by Roger Burbach, Michael Fox and Socialist Alliance member Federico Fuentes, which examines the origins and underpinnings of the new kind of socialism emerging from the social movements and radical left governments in the region. Fuentes has also co-authored three books in Spanish with Chilean political scientist Marta Harnecker on the new left in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Paraguay.

In 2011, former Green Left Weekly editor, Simon Butler published Too Many People? Population, Immigration, and the Environmental Crisis with Ian Angus, the editor of the journal Climate and Capitalism, through Haymarket Books. The book seeks to refute the idea that “overpopulation”, rather than the capitalist system of production, is a major cause of environmental destruction, and argues that focusing on population not only misunderstands the crisis, but weakens responses to it.

Socialist Alliance member and Aboriginal activist, Sam Watson, is a playwright and author of several works, including Oodgeroo - Bloodline to Country and The Kadaitcha Sung.

Election results[edit]

While the Socialist Alliance participates in elections, standing candidates at a range of levels, it does not see electoral politics as the most important vehicle for building socialism. Rather, it sees its participation in elections not as a way “to "represent" people's movements, to strengthen them and help them win their demands.”[31] Socialist Alliance candidates also pledge to take only an average wage if elected, donating the remainder into the social movements.

The Socialist Alliance first campaigned in the 2001 federal election, however candidates were listed as independents on the ballot as its application for electoral registration was suspended when the election was called early.

The Socialist Alliance has continued to run candidates in federal, state and council elections.

Federal[edit]

At the 2004 federal election the Socialist Alliance received 0.12% (14,155 votes) in the House of Representatives,[32] and 0.11% (13,305 votes) in the Senate,[33] failing to reach 2% of the vote in individual seats.

In the 2007 federal election the party's vote declined to the background level of "independent" candidates, with only 9,525 votes in the Senate,[34] the Australian federal election, 2010 saw the Socialist Alliance receive 32,580 (0.26%) Senate votes,[35] while remaining steady on 0.08% of votes cast for the House of Representatives.[36] [37]

State[edit]

In the 2007 NSW election, the Socialist Alliance received 0.4% of the primary (15,142 votes),[38] almost triple what it received in 2003,[39] which declined to just over 10,000 votes in 2011.

Council[edit]

In the 2004 Moreland City Council elections, two candidates exceeded 4%.[40][41] In a council election in the Melbourne suburb of Boroondara, a Socialist Alliance candidate won over 12% of the vote (in the absence of an Australian Labor Party-endorsed candidate) in Cotham ward.[42][43]

The 2008 Victorian local government election results were also positive. The Socialist Alliance polled almost 19% in the Stoney Creek ward of the Melbourne municipality of Maribyrnong[44] and polled over 10% in all wards bar one that it contested across the state.[45]

In October 2009 the Socialist Alliance won its first election when Sam Wainwright was elected for the Hilton Ward of the Fremantle City Council.[46][47]

In October 2012 the Socialist won its second election when Sue Bolton was elected to Moreland City Council in Melbourne's northern suburbs.[48] In October 2013, Sam Wainwright was re-elected to Fremantle's Hilton Ward with an outright majority of 58.33%.

Bolton and Wainwright, along with the Socialist Party’s Stephen Jolley on Yarra Council, are currently the only politicians in Australia elected on an explicitly socialist platform.

Grass root campaigning[edit]

While the Socialist Alliance, its affiliates and non-aligned members continue to put forward and argue for socialist politics in the electoral arena, the organisation places a stronger emphasis on building successful grassroots campaigns as a way of promoting socialist politics.[49] In the recent unity discussions with Socialist Alternative,[15] the Socialist Alliance re-emphasised its support for this “transitional method” towards campaigns, arguing that campaign work is key to leading people to understanding the need to transform the whole capitalist system.

The Socialist Alliance has been involved in a broad range of campaigns since its formation, reflecting both its own developing political orientation, as well as the activities and politics of its affiliates. These include in trade union movement, education, and climate change movements, as well as numerous other grass roots campaigns including refugee rights, same-sex marriage rights, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander rights, climate change, and international solidarity with movements such as the Palestinian struggle for national self-determination, the Bolivarian_Revolution in Latin America,[50] and social-justice and pro-democracy movements in South East Asia.

Industrial[edit]

The Socialist Alliance places great importance on strengthening the union movement, with members active in a range of unions including, amongst others, the Australian Services Union, the Australian Education Union, the Australian Manufacturing Workers Union, the Australian Nursing Federation, the Community and Public Sector Union, the Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union, the Electrical Trades Union, the National Tertiary Education Union, the National Union of Workers, the New South Wales Teachers Federation, the Rail, Tram and Bus Industry Union, the Transport Workers Union and United Voice.

In line with its criticism that the ALP is holding back and bureaucratising the union movement, the Socialist Alliance encourages workers and unions to break with Labor, to strengthen democracy in the unions and to set up a "new workers' party", however it also works alongside rank-and-file union members on industrial campaigns, regardless of political affiliation.

In 2005 and 2006, the Socialist Alliance initiated and helped organise trade union "fight-back" conferences,[51][52][53] in response to the Federal Government's "WorkChoices" legislation, attracting hundreds of union militants and members of other socialist groups.[54] The Socialist Alliance was involved in the Your Rights at Work campaign against WorkChoices that followed, as well as the campaign to abolish the Australian Building and Construction Commission (ABCC).[55][56]

The Socialist Alliance has been highly critical of the Australian Labour Party's industrial policy for not returning enough rights to workers and for retaining the ABCC, describing the Rudd government’s Fair Work Australia as little more than "WorkChoices-lite".[57]

Notable Socialist Alliance trade union leaders have included Chris Cain, Western Australian State Secretary of the Maritime Union of Australia; Tim Gooden, secretary of the Geelong Trades and Labour Council; and Craig Johnston, former Victorian State Secretary of the Australian Manufacturing Workers Union,[58] who was jailed for 9 months in 2004 after an industrial dispute at Johnson Tiles in 2001.[59]

Anti-War & Civil Liberties[edit]

The Socialist Alliance is opposed to US and Australian military interventions such as the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq, and the Socialist Alliance, its affiliates and members played a central role in the campaigns against these wars in 2001 and 2013. The Socialist Alliance also played a leading role in founding the Stop the War Coalition in a number of cities, and organising protests in the years that followed.[60]

Socialist Alliance members are also active in promoting the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign against Israel.[61]

The Socialist Alliance opposes the "war on terror", claiming that it leads to increased racism against the Arab and Muslim communities, and to government policies that threaten civil liberties.[62][63] Socialist Alliance members were central to organising the protests in Sydney against APEC in 2007,[64][65] and the visit of Pope Benedict XVI in 2008, in the face of increased police powers that were heavily criticised for violating civil liberties.[66][67]

The Socialist Alliance conducts this work alongside other groups and individual activists in local community peace groups and in broader coalitions like the Stop the War Coalition,[68][69] and the Gaza Defence Committee.[70]

The Environment[edit]

The Socialist Alliance is involved in a variety of campaigns around environmental issues, most notably climate change, helping to organise the 2006 Walk Against Warming rallies in some cities,[71][72] and producing detailed policies[73] on combating climate change which have been created through an open wiki process[74] with broad membership input. Since the 2007 Federal Election, the environmental website VoteClimate[75] has rated Socialist Alliance environmental policy No. 1 (ahead of the Greens).[76]

Socialist Alliance members also helped to organise the[77] Climate Action Summit[78] in Canberra on 31 January – 1 February 2009, and is involved in building the new national Climate Action Network[79] that grew out of that summit.

The Socialist Alliance argues that no solution to the crisis caused by global warming is possible without overthrowing capitalism, and criticises "market mechanisms" such as carbon trading as being unworkable, profit-driven and reinforcing the capitalist relations that it alleges caused the pollution to begin with.

Indigenous Rights[edit]

The Socialist Alliance has played a role in recent campaigns for justice for indigenous Australia, particularly around the inquiries into the deaths-in-custody of TJ Hickey in Redfern[80] and Mulrunji Doomadgee on Palm Island. In the case of Mulrunji, leading indigenous activist, academic and Socialist Alliance member Sam Watson played a key role in organising the protests that led to the re-opening of the inquiry.[81]

The Socialist Alliance also opposes the Federal Government's Northern Territory intervention, and helped to organise the 12 February 2008 protests outside Parliament House in Canberra.[82]

Anti-racism and Immigrants Rights[edit]

The Socialist Alliance has been able to build growing support among some ethnic community sectors in urban Australia such as among Somali youth,[83][84] the Tamil community[85][86] and from within the Latin American community.[87][88][89] In the latter case, the Socialist Alliance has been an active supporter of the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela and is affiliated to the Australia Venezuela Solidarity Network.[90]

Socialist Alliance members have also been involved in the struggle for refugee rights, opposing mandatory detention of illegal immigrants, and calling for Australia to pursue a more humane policy on refugees.[91]

Public Services[edit]

The Socialist Alliance advocate quality public services, calling for increased funding for public education, healthcare, housing and transport. They also advocate expanding the public sector into large enterprises with nationalisation. The Socialist Alliance is involved in campaigns against privatisation like those planned by the New South Wales Government (for example electricity[92] and prisons[93]), alongside the Greens, unions, ALP members and community groups.

Social Justice[edit]

The Socialist Alliance is also active in a number of other social justice campaigns, including LGBTI rights,[94][95][96] women's liberation,[97][98][99] welfare rights,[100][101] and prison reform,[102][103] as well as around local issues.[104][105][106][107] After an editorial by OUTinPerth accusing socialists of taking over the movement for equal marriage rights,[108] prominent LQBTIQ campaigner and Socialist Alliance member Farida Iqbal issued a reply arguing that the Socialist Alliance and others had played a prominent role in the Australian movement for marriage equality since it began in 2004.[109]

International Solidarity[edit]

The Socialist Alliance also actively campaigns in solidarity with international pro-democracy movements as far ranging as Latin America,[110] the Middle East,[111][112] Western Sahara,[113] Zimbabwe,[114] South East Asia,[115][116][117][118] and elsewhere.

Criticism[edit]

Other political organisations on the Australian far left have criticised the Socialist Alliance project. Socialist Alternative, for example, contest that a sustained mass radicalisation had been born out of the anti-capitalist movement or that a significant layer of disillusioned ALP voters are willing to join a socialist electoral program.[119] Socialist Alternative also criticises the Socialist Alliance for what it perceives to be an over-emphasis on electoral work.

Upon its resignation from the Alliance, the former International Socialist Organisation accused the Democratic Socialist Perspective of what it deemed "disastrous decisions" such as declaring the Alliance a multi-tendency socialist party and adopting Green Left Weekly as the official paper, which the ISO saw as alienating other Alliance members and affiliates.[120]

The Revolutionary Socialist Party (who formed in 2008 as a split from the DSP over debates about the Socialist Alliance) accused the Alliance project of remaining "heavily dependent on the DSP’s political and organising efforts and fundraising." The RSP also (incorrectly) claimed that only the DSP remained an affiliate of the Alliance by 2008.[121]

Due to the similarity of their names and initials, the Socialist Alliance and Socialist Alternative are frequently confused in the media and amongst critics of the social movements that they are involved in.

Active affiliate organisations[edit]

  • Sudanese-Australian Human Rights Association (affiliated in 2008)[122]

Inactive affiliate organisations, and organisations which have not formally disaffiliated[edit]

Former affiliates[edit]

Notable members[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

Deceased[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Socialist Alliance branches". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Socialist Alliance Facebook Page - About". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Constitution of the Socialist Alliance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Venezuela". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Socialist Alliance – what's worth defending". Green Left Weekly. 23 March 2005. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  6. ^ "Socialist Alliance 2003 Conference Minutes"
  7. ^ Socialist Alliance May 2003 national conference
  8. ^ "DSP merges into Socialist Alliance". Democratic Socialist Perspective. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  9. ^ "Report on discussions between Socialist Alliance and Socialist Alternative". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Socialist Alliance requests unity discussions with Socialist Alternative". Socialist Alternative. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Unity and organisation on the left". Socialist Alternative. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Dossier on the unity talks between Socialist Alliance and Socialist Alternative". Alliance Voices. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Unity talks stall, but collaboration to continue". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "Unity and organisation on the left". Links Journal of International Socialist Renewal. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Left unity: The way to challenge a sick system". Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Socialist Alliance youth wing formed following merger with Resistance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "Resistance: Young Socialist Alliance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  18. ^ "Branches". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "Leading Gladstone ALP activist joins the Socialist Alliance (Full Version)". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 20 April. 
  20. ^ "Current Register of Political Parties". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  21. ^ "Political party registration in NSW". NSW Electoral Commission website. Retrieved 25 June 2009. 
  22. ^ "State registered political parties". NSW Electoral Commission. Retrieved 25 June 2009. 
  23. ^ a b "About Political Parties". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  24. ^ "Australian Electoral Commission party registration application form" (PDF). Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  25. ^ "Handbook for Registration of Political Parties for NSW Parliamentary Elections" (PDF). Retrieved 26 December 2009. 
  26. ^ "Resolutions from the 8th national conference of the Socialist Alliance". Alliance Voices. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  27. ^ "A new newspaper for Australia's left". Socialist Alternative. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  28. ^ "Constitution of the Socialist Alliance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  29. ^ "Towards a Socialist Australia". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  30. ^ "Brisbanes Urban Voice". Urban Voice. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  31. ^ "About Socialist Alliance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  32. ^ "House of Representatives: First preferences by party, Election 2004". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  33. ^ "Senate: First preferences by party, Election 2004". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  34. ^ "Senate: First preferences by party, Election 2007". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  35. ^ "Senate: First preferences by party, Election 2010". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  36. ^ "House of Representatives: First preferences by party, Election 2007". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  37. ^ "House of Representatives: First preferences by party, Election 2010". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  38. ^ "2007 New South Wales Election". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  39. ^ "2007 New South Wales Election. Legislative Council". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 28 February. 
  40. ^ "Socialist candidate wins council seat". Green Left Weekly. 8 December 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  41. ^ "Results for Moreland City Council Elections 2004". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  42. ^ "Socialist candidate wins council seat". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  43. ^ "Results for Boroondara City Council Elections 2004, Cotham ward". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  44. ^ "Results for Maribyrnong City Council Elections 2008, Wattle ward". Victorian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  45. ^ "Strong surge in socialist vote in Victorian council elections". Socialist Alliance. 2 December 2008. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  46. ^ "Victory for Sam by 100 votes". Socialist Alliance: 'Sam for Hilton' blog. 18 October 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2009. 
  47. ^ "Fremantle Council Election results 2009". Western Australian Electoral Commission. 17 October 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  48. ^ http://www.greenleft.org.au/node/52726
  49. ^ "Another Australia is possible...", Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  50. ^ "Venezuela". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  51. ^ "Our Common Cause: Something to fight for". Green Left Weekly. 8 June 2005. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
  52. ^ Glanz, David (8 June 2005). "Where to next for the Socialist Alliance?". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
  53. ^ [dead link]"DSP letter to Socialist Alliance". Melbourne Indymedia. 17 January 2006. Retrieved 12 November 2009. [dead link]
  54. ^ "Union leaders: 'Defy Howard’s laws!'". Green left Weekly. 22 June 2005. Retrieved 11 November 2009. 
  55. ^ "Defend the Right to Strike!". Socialist Alliance. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  56. ^ "Strengthen trade union-community unity to defend our rights at work". Socialist Alliance. 19 April 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  57. ^ Our Rights at Work: Where the bloody hell are they?
  58. ^ "What are the lessons of the Craig Johnston jailing?". Socialist Party of Australia. 28 August 2004. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  59. ^ a b "Craig Johnston, welcome back to the struggle! (press release)". Socialist Alliance. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 25 June 2009. 
  60. ^ "Move to split Sydney anti-war coalition". Green Left Weekly. 23 July 2003. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  61. ^ "The Marrickville smear just shows their Green fear". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  62. ^ "Troops out of Iraq now! Repeal the 'anti-terror' laws!", Socialist Alliance, 5 October 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  63. ^ "Guilty until proven innocent – 'justice' in the `war on terror’", Socialist Alliance, 9 November 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  64. ^ "‘The Australian government should withdraw its ambassador and halt all cooperation with the Burmese military regime’", Socialist Alliance, 28 September 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  65. ^ "Afghanistan is not a just cause, say anti-war activists", Socialist Alliance, 29 October 2007 . Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  66. ^ Protesters concerned by APEC police powers, ABC News, 17 August 2007. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  67. ^ "World Youth Day 'anti-annoyance' law be damned: appalled barristers quick to fight state", The Australian, 18 July 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  68. ^ "Unity needed to reawaken the sleeping giant", Socialist Alliance, 6 April 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  69. ^ ""Socialist Alliance senate candidates for Victoria", Socialist Alliance, 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  70. ^ ""Stand up for the people of Gaza!", Socialist Alliance, 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  71. ^ "Mel Barnes, candidate for Denison". Socialist Alliance. 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  72. ^ "Gillard’s climate ‘plan’: more talk while icecaps melt". Socialist Alliance. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  73. ^ "Climate action now! Socialist Alliance Climate Change Charter". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  74. ^ "SA Environment Wiki & Workshop – charter". Green Left Wiki. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  75. ^ "Vote Climate Australia & Pacific". Vote Climate Australia. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  76. ^ "Past Election Analysis and Voting Recommendations". Vote Climate. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  77. ^ "Canberra Climate Summit launches and unites new environment movement". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  78. ^ "Australia's Climate Action Summit – Acting together in 2010". Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  79. ^ "Our Network – Australia's Climate Action Summit". Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  80. ^ "Redfern: 'Stop the police murders'". Green Left Weekly. 16 February 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  81. ^ "Activists call for Wotton's freedom". Brisbane Times. 1 November 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  82. ^ "Sam Watson: 'Converge on Canberra Feb 12 for Aboriginal rights!". Socialist Alliance. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  83. ^ "Building anti-racist alliances". Socialist Alliance Newsletter. January 2004. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  84. ^ "Election campaign boosted by anti-racism rally". Socialist Alliance Newsletter. November 2003. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  85. ^ "Socialist Alliance and Green Left Weekly support Tamils". Tamil Justice. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  86. ^ "Socialist candidate: "I support the Tamil struggle"". Green Left Weekly. 20 March 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  87. ^ "ALP stalwarts leave to stand as Socialist Alliance candidates in upcoming state election". Socialist Alliance. 17 February 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  88. ^ "NSW elections: Two more resign from ALP to support Socialist Alliance campaign". Socialist Alliance. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  89. ^ "Latin American solidarity broadens and deepens in Sydney". Sydney Socialist Alliance. February 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  90. ^ Australia-Venezuela Solidarity Network | "We must confront the privileged elite who have destroyed a large part of the world." Hugo Chavez
  91. ^ "Socialist Alliance Refugee, Asylum Seeker and Immigration Rights Charter". Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  92. ^ "Reverse the NSW power fire-sale, freeze electricity prices & hold a referendum on electricity privatisation". Socialist Alliance. 4 January 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  93. ^ Stop the cell-off
  94. ^ "Ballarat pro-gay marriage rally draws hundreds". The Courier. 14 February 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  95. ^ "Rally backs gay marriage". The Mercury. 15 August 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  96. ^ "Socialist Alliance: 'Say no to homophobia!'". Socialist Alliance. 8 September 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  97. ^ "Fighting for equal pay and justice in 21st century Australia". Socialist Alliance. 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  98. ^ "Remove abortion from NSW Crimes Act, says candidate". Socialist Alliance. 15 October 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  99. ^ "One hundred years of International Women’s Day". Socialist Alliance. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  100. ^ "Welfare Rights Charter". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  101. ^ "Poverty: a disease that can be cured". Socialist Alliance. 21 July 2004. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  102. ^ "Prison inquiry fails to address the issue – reduce poverty to reduce crime!". Socialist Alliance NSW. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  103. ^ "Vote for the future". Justice Action. JUST US, Volume 4 Issue 1, March 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  104. ^ "Wollongong Council: Elections now!". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  105. ^ "First socialist elected to Fremantle Council". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  106. ^ "Socialist Alliance response to REDWatch questionnaire". REDWatch. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  107. ^ "Socialist Alliance joins migrant community activists in Blacktown local elections". Socialist Alliance. 30 July 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  108. ^ "Hypocrites hating Abbott to death". Herald Sun. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  109. ^ "Socialist Alliance: We’re Not Setting Back Marriage Equality". OUTinPerth. Retrieved 21 January 2014. 
  110. ^ "Support for the Latin American Revolution". Socialist Alliance. January 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  111. ^ "Stand up against Israeli apartheid". Socialist Alliance. 18 April 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  112. ^ "In solidarity with the people of Tunisia, Egypt and the Arab world". Socialist Alliance. 29 January 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  113. ^ "Western Sahara policy". Socialist Alliance. December 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  114. ^ "Drop all charges against the Zimbabwean activists!". Socialist Alliance. March 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  115. ^ "Burma: regional left parties condemn attacks on workers' rights". Socialist Alliance. 16 September 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  116. ^ "Asian left parties: "Support the struggle for democracy and social justice in Nepal!"". Socialist Alliance. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  117. ^ "Thailand: 'Resolve crisis through democracy, not crackdown!'". Socialist Alliance. 10 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  118. ^ "Labor and Coalition must act for West Papua". Socialist Alliance. 1 February 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  119. ^ "The Respect fiasco in Britain". Socialist Alternative. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  120. ^ "ISO leaves Socialist Alliance". Ozleft. 2007. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  121. ^ "The Socialist Alliance: What went wrong?". Direct Action. June 2008. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  122. ^ "Sixth national conference strengthens Socialist Alliance". Green Left Weekly. 16 December 2008. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  123. ^ [dead link]"Socialist Alliance lifts off!". Freedom Socialist. October–December 2001. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  124. ^ a b "Socialist Alliance takes a new step for left unity". Green Left Weekly. 14 May 2003. Retrieved 13 September 2010. 
  125. ^ "[1]", Alliance Voices, May 2005. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  126. ^ "Workers Power resignation from Socialist Alliance". GreenLeft_discussion Yahoo!group. 16 April 2006. Retrieved 20 April 2009. 
  127. ^ "Australian ISO leaves Socialist Alliance". Marxmail. 7 April 2007. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  128. ^ "DSP merges into Socialist Alliance". Democratic Socialist Perspective. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2012. 
  129. ^ "Socialist Alliance youth wing formed following merger with Resistance". Socialist Alliance. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  130. ^ "Tim Gooden on the corporate crisis", Alliance Voices, March 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
  131. ^ "Sam Watson: Judgment day for Queensland police – heads must roll". Socialist Alliance. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  132. ^ "First socialist elected to Fremantle Council". Socialist Alliance: 'Sam for Hilton' blog. 18 October 2009. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  133. ^ [dead link]"Fremantle Council Election results", Western Australian Electoral Commission, 17 October 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
  134. ^ "DSP merges into the Socialist Alliance". Democratic Socialist Perspective. 2 January 2010. Retrieved 6 January 2010. 
  135. ^ "Shameless in Kevin Ruddbot's ALP". Socialist Alliance Sydney blog. 30 July 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
  136. ^ "Aboriginal Rights Coalition – Sydney". 12 August 2008. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
  137. ^ "Genocide of Tamils and atrocities in Sri Lanka while Australia looks on". Socialist Alliance. 7 May 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 
  138. ^ "About venezuelanalysis.com". Venezuelanalysis.com. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  139. ^ "Federico Fuentes". Green Left Weekly. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  140. ^ "Too Many People – Population, Immigration, and the Environmental Crisis". Haymarket Books. Retrieved 25 January 2012. 
  141. ^ "On Line Opinion Author" On Line Opinion, Accessed, 12 November 2009.
  142. ^ "Leading Gladstone ALP activist joins the Socialist Alliance (Full Version)". Socialist Alliance. 3 November 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  143. ^ "NSW conference: Regime change begins at home". Socialist Alliance. November 2003. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  144. ^ "Socialist Alliance discusses unity proposal", Green Left Weekly, 20 November 2002. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
  145. ^ "re. Australian Socialist Alliance". Marxism mailing list archive. 20 January 2006. Retrieved 12 November 2009. [unreliable source?]
  146. ^ "Yaluritja Clarrie Isaacs – a lifetime of activism". Green Left Weekly. 10 December 2003. Retrieved 12 November 2009. 

External links[edit]