Socialist Equality Party (Australia)
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (November 2012)|
|Socialist Equality Party|
|National Secretary||Nick Beams|
|Assistant National Secretary||James Cogan|
(as Workers Party)|
1941 (as Labour Socialist Group)
1972 (as Socialist Labour League)
2010 (as Socialist Equality Party)
|Headquarters||Socialist Equality Party, PO Box 574, Strawberry Hills, NSW 2012|
|Youth wing||International Students for Social Equality|
|International affiliation||International Committee of the Fourth International|
The Socialist Equality Party (SEP) is a trotskyist political party in Australia. The SEP was established in 2010 as the successor party to the Socialist Labour League, which was founded in 1972 as the Australian section of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). The SEP is a registered political party with the Australian Electoral Commission, and participates in elections at all levels of government.
Party Secretary Nick Beams is a member of the International Editorial Board of the World Socialist Web Site (WSWS), the online news and information center of the ICFI. Peter Symonds, national editor of the WSWS, is also a member of the party.
- 1 History
- 2 Popular support and electoral Results
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Background and foundation as Workers Party
The Communist Party of Australia (CPA) was founded in 1920 in response to the founding of the Third International in 1919. Lenin and Trotsky, ideological models of the SEP, supported the development of a “united front” between communist and social democratic parties, such as the Australian Labor Party (ALP), to oppose the rise of fascism. At the Fourth Congress of the Third International the Executive Committee of the Communist International (ECCI) decided that Communist should participate from within the Labor party, due to a peculiar rule which allowed other organizations to affiliate to the ALP.
The Fourth Congress would be the last congress at which internal opponents of Stalin, such as Trotsky's Left Opposition, would be able to openly discuss party tactics. In Australia, in 1924 CPA members were purged from the ALP. CPA membership declined and relations with the Comintern worsened. No Australian delegate attended the Fifth Congress of the Communist International in 1924. The Stalinist persecution of trotskyists soon came to Australia however, when, following the publication of the ECCI’s Open Letter in the Workers’ Weekly on December 6, 1929, the CPA Congress, held at the end of the month, denounced the current leadership (which was critical of the Stalinist line of the Fourth International) and installed a new central committee that declared its “unswerving loyalty” to the Stalinist line. The Comintern, still skeptical, sent Harry M. Wicks (known by the pseudonym Herbert Moore) from the United States to reorganize the CPA. Over the next year Wicks (who, it was later discovered, was a long time spy and agent for the FBI) took control of the party, rewriting its program and constitution and reorganizing the leadership through a series of purges of members of the Left Opposition.
By 1932, The Militant, the newspaper of the Communist League of America (CLA), the first non-Russian trotskyist organization, was being published in Australia. In 1933, Trotsky called for the founding of the Fourth International. In 1933 the Australian branch of the International Left Opposition founded the trotskyist Workers Party. The Workers Party went into direct confrontation with the CPA over WWII, which trotskyists characterized as an "imperial war" while the CPA Stalinists supported the war.
End of World War II and refoundation as Labour Socialist Group
In 1941, the CLA and Workers Party were banned by the Australian government, and Australian trotskyists reorganized as the Labour Socialist Group (LSG), led by Nick Origlass. At its annual conference on Easter in 1952, The LSG adopted entrism sui generis, a renewed united front strategy proposed by the secretary of the Fourth International, Michel Pablo. However, the ALP refused Origlass and other leading trotskyists attempts to join the party. The ALP demanded the dissolution of the party newspaper, The Socialist, to accept their membership. The Socialist was liquidated in August 1952, and SLG members were accepted into the ALP.
Refoundation as Socialist Labour League
'Hardline' trotskyists opposed to Pablo's tactics, represented internationally by The Militant and the American Socialist Workers Party (SWP), reorganzied in Australia in April 1972 as the Socialist Labour League (SLL.) Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, the SLL played an integral role in strikes against the Fraser (Liberal) and Hawke (ALP) governments. The party's newspaper, Workers News, was widely circulated in all major cities.
In its 1992 perspectives resolution, the SLL drew a balance sheet of the response of the petty-bourgeois “left” tendencies to the demise of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Communist Party of Australia in 1991, criticizing that "As long as the working class was dominated by and subordinated to the vast apparatuses of Stalinism and Laborism, they were happy to define themselves as ‘socialists’ and even as ‘Marxists’ or ‘revolutionaries’. They formed part and parcel of the petty-bourgeois buffer, created by the ruling class in the aftermath of the war, to suffocate the working class.”
Refoundation as Socialist Equality Party
The Socialist Electoral League was officially refounded as the Socialist Equality party in 2010, with its founding congress held in Sydney on 21–25 January 2010, where it unanimously adopted a statement of principles.
Popular support and electoral Results
In elections, the party's strongest state has historically been New South Wales. Demographically, the party is strong with younger voters. The party is hampered by Australia's relatively high living standards, which defuse radicalism and give way to considerable political consensus.
House of Representatives
|House of Representatives|
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
- In 2010 SEP was only on the ballot in New South Wales, Victoria, and Western Australia.
|Election year||# of
| % of
overall seats won
- In 2010 SEP was only on the ballot in New South Wales and Victoria.
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 4". World Socialist Web Site. 3 March 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 5". World Socialist Web Site. 4 March 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 1". World Socialist Web Site. 27 February 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Current Register of Political Parties". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "SEP announces candidates for 2013 Australian election". World Socialist Web Site. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Communist Party of Australia, Manifesto to the Workers of Australia, December 24, 1920, viewed February 15, 2010.
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 3". World Socialist Web Site. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- It is Necessary to Build Communist Parties and an International Anew’, The Struggle Against Fascism in Germany, op. cit., p. 431.
- Red Hot: The Life and Times of Nick Origlass, op. cit., p. 103
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 7". World Socialist Web Site. 6 March 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "The Historical and International Foundations of the Socialist Equality Party, Part 8". World Socialist Web Site. 8 March 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- A Socialist Strategy for the Working Class, Socialist Labour League, Marrickville, Australia, 1992, pp. 45–46
- Industrial relations and the trade unions under Labor: from Whitlam to Rudd, op. cit., p. 17
- From the Socialist Labour League to the Socialist Equality Party, Labour Press Books, Bankstown, Australia, 1996, p. 2.
- "Statement of Principles". World Socialist Web Site. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Socialist Equality Party calls for radical change". Reportage Online. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- The Argus, Melbourne, January 6, 1857.