Socialist Equality Party (United States)
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (July 2009)|
|Socialist Equality Party|
|Founded||1966(as Workers League)|
|Headquarters||PO Box 48377, Oak Park, MI 48237|
|Political position||Fiscal: Socialist economics
|International affiliation||International Committee of the Fourth International|
|Politics of the United States
|Part of a series on|
the United States
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The Socialist Equality Party (SEP) is a Trotskyist political party in the United States, one of several Socialist Equality Parties around the world affiliated with the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). The ICFI publishes daily news articles, perspectives and commentaries on the World Socialist Web Site.
According to the party's website, the SEP "seeks not to reform capitalism, but to create a socialist, democratic and egalitarian society through the establishment of a workers’ government and the revolutionary transformation of the world economy. We seek to unify workers in the United States and internationally in the common struggle for socialism—that is, for equality and the rational and democratic utilization of the wealth of the planet."
In 2008, the SEP held its official founding congress, where it adopted a statement of principles and a historical document. It has participated in elections in the US, running Jerry White for president and Phyllis Scherrer for vice president in the 2012 presidential elections. The most recent candidacy is for Mayor of Detroit, with the SEP running D'Artagnan Collier.
- 1 History
- 2 Program
- 3 Recent interventions
- 4 Public conferences
- 5 Elections
- 6 Presidential tickets
- 7 References
- 8 External links
In the early 1960s, most U.S. Trotskyists were organized in the Socialist Workers Party (SWP) as part of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). Tim Wohlforth was a youth leader in that party and was opposed to the course of the organization, which was heading toward reunification with the International Secretariat of the Fourth International (ISFI). With others, including James Robertson, he formed the Revolutionary Tendency (RT) within the SWP. It developed links with the Socialist Labour League in Britain, led by Gerry Healy.
They saw the course of the SWP towards a regrouping with the ISFI, which had long been called "Pabloite" by members of the ICFI, as breaking with basic Trotskyist principles. The party leadership at the same time blocked discussion over other issues, such as the SWP's support for Fidel Castro as an "unconscious" Trotskyist.
The ICFI leadership, supported by the RT, argued that if a revolution can be carried out by an unconscious Trotskyist, there was no point of building the Fourth International as the conscious leadership of the working class. The ICFI traced the SWP's support for Cuba to their "regroupment" policy, in which, according to the ICFI, they attempted to gain the support of the middle-class radical supporters of Cuba. The ICFI claimed this was done without a genuine discussion of the principles of the Fourth International.
Reorganized Minority Tendency
The two main leaders of the RT had different evaluations of the SWP. Robertson's position led the SWP to expel him and his supporters first, but he and his supporters did not join the ICFI. Robertson's group went on to form the Spartacist League. The remainder of the tendency, now led by Wohlforth alone, renamed their group the Reorganized Minority Tendency.
Wohlforth and his supporters were themselves expelled in 1964, but they maintained connections with Gerry Healy and the rest of the ICFI, which they considered the legitimate Trotskyist movement.
They claimed the split was due to their insistence on a discussion of the decision by the Sri Lankan Lanka Sama Samaja Party to participate in the national government. They explained this decision as "opportunism" that originated in the "centrist" position of the LSSP during the split between the ISFI and ICFI of 1953.
American Committee of the Fourth International
Those Americans expelled from the SWP then formed the American Committee of the Fourth International (ACFI) and became the United States section of the ICFI, while the SWP joined the ISFI. At this time, the Socialist Labour League under Gerry Healy was the largest section of the ICFI, followed by the French OCI.
The ACFI grew throughout the 1960s along with most leftist groupings. The ACFI was renamed the Workers League in 1966 and developed into a nationwide organisation with hundreds of members. Its youth work, which led to the development of the Young Socialists, was particularly successful in this period.
In 1985, the ICFI split over policies advanced by the Workers Revolutionary Party. The policies they disagreed with included supporting national bourgeois regimes, including those of Saddam Hussein and Muammar Gadhafi, and supporting Stalinists such as Gordon McLennan of the Communist Party of Great Britain. Many of Healy's former supporters saw these moves as a repetition of the mistakes of Pabloism.
The Workers League engaged in a long-term campaign against the rival Socialist Workers Party. In the 1970s they issued a report titled "Security and the Fourth International" which alleged, amongst other things, that leading SWP member Joseph Hansen, who had been an assistant to Leon Trotsky during his Mexico City exile, was an accomplice in his assassination alleging that he and, by implication the SWP, were agents of the Soviet secret police (GPU). The WL also supported a lawsuit against the SWP by expelled member Alan Gelfand, who argued that he had been unconstitutionally deprived of his freedom of political expression by being expelled from the SWP by agents of the government. He attempted to force the government to reveal all its agents in the SWP and force the SWP to readmit him as a member. The lawsuit was dismissed in 1989, but not before confirming that former SWP leader Jim Cannon's secretary, Sylvia Callen (referred to by then-SWP national secretary Jack Barnes as his "hero") had been a GPU agent.
The WL and its successor organization, the Socialist Equality Party, also countered the SWP's campaign in defense of Mark Curtis with its own campaign alleging that the SWP member was guilty of the sexual assault charge for which he was imprisoned.
Socialist Equality Party
In 1995, the various parties affiliated with the ICFI renamed themselves the Socialist Equality Party. The ICFI publishes the World Socialist Web Site, which was launched in 1998. In 2006, the Socialist Equality Party relaunched its student movement, the Students for Social Equality, as the International Students for Social Equality emphasizing the international perspective of the party and anticipating a growing radicalization of workers, students, and youth.
Other Socialist Equality parties linked to the one in the United States exist in Australia, Canada, Germany, Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom.
|“||The Socialist Equality Party is a political party of and for the working class. The SEP seeks not to reform capitalism, but to create a socialist, democratic and egalitarian society through the establishment of a workers’ government and the revolutionary transformation of world economy. We seek to unify workers in the United States and internationally in the common struggle for socialism—that is, for equality and the rational and democratic utilization of the wealth of the planet.||”|
The Obama Administration
The Socialist Equality Party claims that the majority of left-wing opponents of the Bush Administration have "lined up behind the Obama Administration", despite the fact that the Obama Administration's policies are in many respects similar to those of the Bush Administration. The Socialist Equality Party seeks to create a mass movement in opposition to the Obama Administration on the basis of a Socialist program.
Workers' struggles and the trade unions
Although some members of the Socialist Equality Party are union members, and the Party is committed to working within those organizations, it does not seek to facilitate any sort of social change through the trade unions, which they characterize as having interests antithetical to the workers they represent. The Party calls for a break with the US union bureaucracies and the formation of "workplace committees" that will carry on economic struggles.
Massey coal mine explosion reports
The Socialist Equality Party sent World Socialist Web Site reporters to West Virginia after the Massey Upper Big Branch Mine disaster, which occurred on April 5, 2010. According to one of the reports, Massey workers claimed that the company had refused to allow them time off so that they could attend the funerals of their co-workers. The World Socialist Web Site claimed that the article containing these interviews was "widely circulated and reposted or linked on the Internet."
Citizens Inquiry into the Dexter Avenue Fire
In March 2010, the Socialist Equality Party initiated the Citizens Inquiry into the Dexter Avenue Fire in order to expose the life-threatening dangers caused by utility shutoffs" after Sylvia Young, a single mother living on Dexter Avenue in Detroit, lost three of her children in a February fire several hours after DTE shut off her power and gas. The committee held a press conference on March 11, a hearing on March 20, and Fox 2 News did a television report. The inquiry conducted interviews with Sylvia Young's sister and attendees of the hearing. The inquiry concluded with a report-back meeting on April 13, at which it announced its findings. The inquiry concluded that (1) "There is a direct and clearly established link between utility shutoffs and house fires," (2) "The claim that there are resources widely available to help people pay their utility bills is untrue" and "the programs that exist are inadequate and designed to benefit DTE," (3) "DTE’s policies are determined not by community need, but by corporate and shareholder interests," (4) "The city and state governments work on behalf of DTE and other corporations. Government officials have longstanding political and business ties to DTE," (5) "Extreme poverty and mass unemployment are decisive factors in deadly house fires," (6) "Sylvia Young, the mother of the three children killed in the Bangor Street fire, has been wrongly victimized," and (7) "DTE Energy, its executives and regulating agencies bear primary responsibility for the deaths of Marvin Allen, Tyrone Allen, Lynn Greer, and the three Young children." The Citizens Inquiry also made a number of recommendations for solving the problems that it had uncovered.
Committee Against Utility Shutoffs
In May 2010, workers and young people established the Committee Against Utility Shutoffs (CAUS) in response to the deadly house fires in Detroit, Michigan that were "the result of the shutoff of gas and electrical service by the local utility monopoly, DTE Energy."
Defend the DIA campaign
On October 4, 2013 the Socialist Equality Party organized a popular demonstration in Detroit to oppose the sale of artwork at the Detroit Institute of Arts, and the dismantling of Detroit pensions. Both the sale and threats to pensions are associated with the Detroit bankruptcy.
In 2009, the Socialist Equality Party held regional public conferences in Los Angeles, California (May 10), New York City (May 3), and Ann Arbor, Michigan (April 25). The topic of the conferences was "The world economic crisis, the failure of capitalism and the case for socialism." According to a report, the conferences were attended by workers and students from across the country. A resolution passed at the conference was later published by the party on May 20.
On April 18 and 19 2010, the party held a public conference in Ann Arbor, Michigan on the topic of "Social Crisis and War: The Fight for a Socialist Alternative." A report claimed that the conference was attended by "many workers and working class youth who have been drawn into politics by the economic crisis." On April 23, the party published the resolutions passed at the conference on the World Socialist Web Site. The resolution on socialist program called for "the international unity of the working class," "the political independence of the working class," "an emergency public works program," "nationalization of the banks and major corporations," "redistribution of wealth," "an end to militarism and war," and "defense of democratic rights."
The Socialist Equality Party has also run candidates in several recent elections. In 2003, it ran John Christopher Burton in the California recall gubernatorial elections, although it urged people to vote "No" on the recall because it saw the recall campaign as an anti-democratic attempt by right-wing forces to undo the results of the election that happened only a few months earlier. Burton received 6,000 votes and came in 13th in a field of 135 candidates.
The Socialist Equality Party also ran candidates for the 2006 US mid-term elections, including Bill Van Auken for US Senate in New York State, Jerome White for Congress in Michigan and John Burton for Congress in California. In its elections it called for the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of all US troops from Iraq and Afghanistan.
Other candidates, announced on the World Socialist Web Site on May 15, 2006 included:
- Joe Parnarauskis, a nurse, for Illinois State Senate (District 52, Champaign-Urbana)
- Eric Des Marais, a graduate student, for Maine State Senate (District 32, Bangor)
- Christie M. Schaefer, a service worker, for Oregon State Senate (District 19, Portland)
- Paul Palinkas, a computer consultant, for Washington State House (District 36, Seattle)
In 2010, the party sponsored Collier as a candidate for state representative in Michigan’s 9th District in Detroit.
In 2012, the SEP ran White for president and Phyllis Scherrer for vice president.
- 1984 - Edward Winn and Helen Halyard, 10,801 votes
- 1988 - Edward Winn and Helen Halyard, 18,693 votes
- 1992 - Helen Halyard and Fred Mazelis, 3,050 votes
- 1996 - Jerome White and Fred Mazelis, 2,438 votes
- 2004 - Bill Van Auken and Jim Lawrence, 1,857 votes
- 2008 - Jerome White and Bill Van Auken, no ballot access (18 recorded write-in votes in New York)
- 2012 - Jerome White and Phyllis Scherrer, 1,277 votes
- "Socialist Equality Party raises its U.S. profile". Archived from the original on 30 July 2004.
- "M-I: Denounce SEP gangsterism!".
- "World Socialist Web Site homepage. Internet Archive Wayback Machine history".
- "Obama’s "left" cheerleaders and the right-wing transition".
- "D'Artagnan Collier Speaks to rally of City workers".
- "Strategy and tactics, Marxism vs. opportunism".
- "Socialist Equality Party Statement of Principles".
- "West Virginia workers speak on mine disaster".
- "Families begin to bury 29 killed in West Virginia explosion".
- "WSWS verifies Massey’s threat to fire miners who took off work to attend funerals".
- "The Citizens Inquiry into the Dexter Avenue Fire".
- "Dexter Avenue Fire Inquiry to hold press conference Thursday in Detroit".
- "Citizens Inquiry into the Dexter Avenue Fire holds first hearing".
- "Group Trying to Change Utility Shut-off Policies".
- "Dexter Avenue Fire Inquiry: Sister of victims speaks on utility shutoffs".
- "The Dexter Avenue Fire Inquiry - Post-hearing Interviews".
- "Dexter Avenue inquiry announces findings".
- "Dexter Avenue inquiry announces findings".
- "Committee Against Utility Shutoffs".
- "Obama backs Detroit bankruptcy". Legal Monitor Worldwide. 15 October 2013.
- "SEP and WSWS hold regional conferences in US".
- "The world economic crisis, the failure of capitalism and the case for socialism".
- "Emergency Conference on the Social Crisis & War: The Fight for a Socialist Alternative".
- "SEP Emergency Conference advances strategy for struggle against social crisis and war".
- "Resolutions of the Conference on Social Crisis & War".
- "John Christopher Burton Candidate Statement".
- "Vote "no" on the California recall".
- "Statement by the Socialist Equality Party 27 January 2004".
- "Socialist Equality candidate:"Society can't afford the rich"" (Flash video).
- "Socialist Equality Party announces candidates in New York, Michigan and California".
- "Socialist Equality Party to contest state elections in Illinois, Maine, Oregon and Washington".
- "Reject Obama and McCain! Support the socialist alternative in 2008! Build the Socialist Equality Party!".
- "Socialist mayoral candidate calls for Detroit to end utility shutoffs".
- "Campaign Statement of D'Artagnan Collier, SEP Candidate for Detroit Mayor" (Flash video).
- Collier, D'Artagnan. "Support D'Artagnan Collier for Detroit Mayor". World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- Socialist Equality Party Official site.
- World Socialist Web Site Official site.
- "The Workers League and the founding of the Socialist Equality Party". Archived from the original on August 15, 2000.
- "For a Socialist Alternative in the 2006 US Elections: Statement of the Socialist Equality Party"
- "Socialist Equality Party announces candidates in New York, Michigan and California"