Socialist International

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Socialist International
Red Rose (Socialism).svg
Socialist International logo
Countries governed by SI parties.png
Countries in which SI member parties were the government or part of a coalition government as of August 2014
Abbreviation SI
Predecessor Labour and Socialist International
Formation June 3, 1951; 63 years ago (1951-06-03)
Type INGO
Purpose Strengthen relations between the affiliated parties and to coordinate their political attitudes and activities.[1]
Headquarters Maritime House, Old Town, Clapham
Location
Region served Worldwide
Membership 160[2]
President George Papandreou[3]
Secretary General Luis Ayala[3]
Main organ Congress of the Socialist International
Budget GBP 1.4 million (2014)[4]
Website www.socialistinternational.org

The Socialist International (SI) is a worldwide association of political parties most of which seek to establish democratic socialism.[1] It consists mostly of democratic socialist, social democratic and labour political parties and other organisations.

Although formed in 1951 as a successor to the Labour and Socialist International it has antecedents to the late 19th Century. Initially dominated by parties from Western Europe, it has grown to include more than 160 member parties from more than 100 countries. Its members have governed in many countries including most of Europe. The Party of European Socialists, a European political party is an associated organisation of the SI, as is its European parliamentary group, the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats.

The current secretary-general of the SI is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.[3] The current president of the SI is the former Prime Minister of Greece George Papandreou.[3]

History[edit]

Socialist International Congress 1983. Willy Brandt with outgoing secretary general Bernt Carlsson (left) and new secretary general Pentti Väänänen (right).

The International Workingmen's Association (the First International) was the first international body to bring together organisations representing the working class.[5] It was formed in London on 28 September 1864 by socialist, communist and anarchist political groups and trade unions.[6] Tensions between moderates and revolutionaries led to its dissolution in 1876 in Philadelphia.[7] The Second International was formed in Paris on 14 July 1889 as an association of the socialist parties.[8] Differences over World War I led to the Second International being dissolved in 1916.

International Socialist Commission (ISC, also known as Berne International) was formed in February 1919 at a meeting in Berne by parties that wanted to resurrect the Second International.[9] In March 1919 communist parties formed Comintern (the Third International) at a meeting in Moscow.[10] Parties which did not want to be a part of the resurrected Second International (ISC) or Comintern formed the International Working Union of Socialist Parties (IWUSP, also known as Vienna International/Vienna Union/Two-and-a-Half International) on 27 February 1921 at a conference in Vienna.[11] The ISC and the IWUSP joined to form the Labour and Socialist International (LSI) in May 1923 at a meeting in Hamburg.[12] The rise of Nazism and the start of World War II led to the dissolution of the LSI in 1940. The Socialist International was formed in Frankfurt in July 1951 as a successor to the LSI.[13]

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the SI had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.[14] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited enmity from the United States.

In the late 1970s and in the 1980s the SI had extensive contacts and discussion with the two leading powers of the Cold War period, the United States and the Soviet Union, on issues concerning East-West relations and arms control. The SI supported détente and disarmament agreements, such as SALTII, START and INF. They had several meetings and discussion in Washington, D.C. with President Jimmy Carter and Vice-President George Bush and in Moscow with Secretaries General Leonid Brezhnev and Mikhail Gorbachev. The SI's delegations to these discussions were led by the Finnish Prime Minister Kalevi Sorsa.[15]

Since then, the SI has admitted as member parties not only the FSLN but also the left-wing Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as former Communist parties such as the Democratic Party of the Left of Italy and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

Following the Tunisian revolution, the Constitutional Democratic Rally was expelled from the SI in January 2011.[16] Later that month, the Egyptian National Democratic Party was also expelled.[17] As a result of the 2010–2011 Ivorian crisis, the Ivorian Popular Front was expelled in March 2011.[18] However, according to section 5.1.3 of the statutes of the Socialist International, an expulsion requires a decision of Congress by a majority of two-thirds.[19]

On 22 May 2013, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) along with other social-democratic political parties founded a rival organisation to the Socialist International known as the Progressive Alliance, out of criticism of the perceived corrupt and outmoded nature of the SI.[20][21][22][23]

Presidents, honorary presidents and secretaries general[edit]

Summits[edit]

Members[edit]

Full members[edit]

The following parties are full members:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 Albania Socialist Party of Albania[27][28][29] PS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][29] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]
 Algeria Socialist Forces Front[32][33][34] FFS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][34]
 Andorra Social Democratic Party[37][38] PS in opposition Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][38]
 Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola[39] MPLA in government Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][39]
 Argentina Radical Civic Union[40] UCR in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][40] Part of Union for the Social Development.
 Argentina Socialist Party[41][42] PS in opposition Full member since 1951.[42] Part of Broad Progressive Front. In government in the province of Santa Fe.
 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation[43][44] ARF in opposition Admitted (as Armenian Socialist Party) as observer member in 1996.[36][44] Promoted (as ASP) to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as ASP) to full member in 2003.[31]
 Aruba People's Electoral Movement[39] MEP in opposition Promoted to full member in 1992.[35] Full member since 1994.[39]
 Australia Australian Labor Party[45] ALP in opposition Full member since 1966.[45] Government in the state of South Australia, as well as the territory of The Australian Capital Territory.
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria[46] SPÖ senior party in coalition Full member since 1951.[46] Also in government in the states of Burgenland, Salzburg, Styria, Carinthia and Vienna.
 Belgium Socialist Party[47] PS in opposition Senior coalition partner in Brussels and Walloon regions and French community. Junior coalition partner in German community.
 Belgium Socialist Party Different SP.a in opposition Junior coalition partner in Brussels region.
 Benin Social Democratic Party[48] PSD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30][48] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][48] Part of the Union Makes the Nation alliance.
 Bolivia Revolutionary Left Movement[49] MIR N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50] Consultative member in c1987.[49] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35][49]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina[51][38] SDP BiH in coalition cabinet Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][38]
Also in power in some of the Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
 Brazil Democratic Labour Party[52] PDT junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50][52] Promoted to full member in 1989.[52][53]
Part of For Brazil to keep on changing coalition.
 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats[54] PBSD in government Part of Coalition for Bulgaria.
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party[55] BSP in government Admitted as full member in 2003.[31][55] Part of Coalition for Bulgaria.
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front[56] SDF in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][56]
 Canada New Democratic Party[57] NDP/NPD in opposition Forms the provincial government of Manitoba.
 Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde[58] PAICV in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][58]
 Chile Party for Democracy[59] PPD in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][59] Part of Concert of Parties for Democracy.
 Chile Social Democrat Radical Party[60] PRSD in government Part of Concert of Parties for Democracy.
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile[61] PS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][61] Part of Concert of Parties for Democracy.
 Colombia Colombian Liberal Party[62] PLC in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][62]
 Costa Rica National Liberation Party[63] PLN in opposition Full member since 1987.[63]
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia[64][65] SDP senior party in coalition Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][65] Part of the Kukuriku coalition.
 Curaçao Partido MAN MAN in government Promoted to full member in 1989.[53]
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy[66][67] EDEK in opposition Full member since 1987.[67] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party[68][69] ÄŒSSD senior party in coalition
 Denmark Social Democrats SD senior party in coalition
 Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party[70] PRD in opposition Full member since 1987.[70]
 Ecuador Democratic Left[71] PID in opposition Member since 1987.[71]
 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy[72] CPDS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][72]
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland SDP junior party in coalition
 France Socialist Party[73] PS in government
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD junior party in coalition In government in the state of Hamburg; senior coalition partner in the states of Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein; and junior coalition partner in the states of Baden-Württemberg, Saarland, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia.
 Ghana National Democratic Congress NDC in government Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement[75] PASOK junior party in coalition Full member since 1990.[75] Takes part in the government of Antonis Samaras.
 Guatemala National Unity of Hope UNE in opposition Admitted as full member in 2008.[74]
 Guinea Rally of the Guinean People[76][77] RPG in government Admitted (as Guinean People’s Assembly) as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted (as GPA) to full member in 2003.[31][77]
 Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats[78] PFSDH in opposition Full member since 1989.[78]
 Haiti Party of the National Congress of Democratic Movements KONAKOM N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]
 Haiti Revolutionary Progressive Nationalist Party PANPRA N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party[79][80] MSzP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35][80] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36]
 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance[81] S in opposition Member since 1987.[81]
 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan PUK in government Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74] Junior partner in the Kurdistan autonomous region.
Part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan.
 Ireland Labour Party[82][83] junior party in coalition
 Israel Meretz[84][67] in opposition
 Israel Israeli Labor Party[84] in opposition
 Italy Italian Socialist Party PSI junior party in coalition Seven seats in the Parliament, supports the government of Matteo Renzi.
 Japan Social Democratic Party[85] SDP in opposition Full member since 1951 as the Japan Socialist Party.[85]
 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party[86] PSP junior party in coalition Full member since 1980.[86]
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania[87] LSDP senior party in coalition Full member since the 1990s.[87]
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party[88][89] LSAP/POSL junior party in coalition Full member since 1951.[89]
 Malaysia Democratic Action Party[90][91] DAP in opposition Full member since 1987.[91] Senior coalition partner in the state of Penang; junior coalition partner in the states of Selangor. Part of the Pakatan Rakyat coalition.
 Mali Alliance for Democracy in Mali[92] ADEMA-PASJ in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][92] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
Part of the Alliance for Democracy and Progress.
 Mali Rally for Mali RPM in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic.
 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces RFD in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
 Mauritius Labour Party[93] PT in government Full member since 1969.[93] Part of the Alliance of the Future.
 Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement[94] MMM in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][94] Part of the Alliance of the Heart.
 Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party[95] PRI in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][95] In government in the states of Aguascalientes, Campeche, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Querétaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, State of Mexico, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Yucatán and Zacatecas. Part of the Alliance for Mexico.
 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution[96] PRD in opposition Admitted as full member in 1996.[36][96] In government in the states of Guerrero and Morelos and the federal district of Mexico City. Part of the Broad Progressive Front.
 Moldova Democratic Party of Moldova[97] PDM junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[74] Promoted to full member in 2012.[98]
Part of Alliance for European Integration.
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Party[99][100] MPP in opposition Admitted (as Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party) as observer member in 1999.[30][100]
Promoted (as Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party) to full member in 2003.[31][100]
 Mongolia Mongolian Social Democratic Party[100] MSDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35][100] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36] Merged with others in 2000 to form the Democratic Party
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro[101] DPS senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74] Part of Coalition for a European Montenegro.
 Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro[101][102][103] SDP junior party in coalition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][103]
Part of Coalition for a European Montenegro.
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces[104][105][106] USFP in opposition Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
 Mozambique Frelimo Party[107] FRELIMO in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30]
 Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation SWAPO in government Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
   Nepal Nepali Congress[108][109] in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30][109]
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front[110] FSLN in government Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][110]
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism[111] PNDS in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][111]
 Pakistan Pakistan Peoples Party[112] PPP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][112] Also in government in the province of Sindh and the autonomous area of Gilgit-Baltistan.
 Palestine Fatah[113][114] in government Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30]
Promoted to full member in 2012.[98]
 Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party[115] PRD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50][115] Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31]
 Paraguay Party for a Country of Solidarity[116] PPS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
 Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party[117][118] PRF in opposition Full member since the 1970s.[118]
 Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance[119] APRA in opposition Promoted to full member in 1999.[30]
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance[120][121] SLD in opposition Full member since 1996.[121]
 Portugal Socialist Party[122] PS in opposition
 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party[123] PIP in opposition Consultative member in 1987, full member in 1994.[123] Promoted to full member in 1992.[35]
Have one senator in the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico.
 Romania Social Democratic Party[124][125] PSD senior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Consultative member in 1992, full member in 2001.[125] Admitted as full member in 2003.[31] Standing for elections in the Social Liberal Union.
 Russia A Just Russia[126][127] SR in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[74] Promoted to consultative member in 2010. Promoted to full member in 2012.[98][128]
 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats[111] PSD in opposition Consultative member in 1961, full member in 1980.[111]
 Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal[129][130] PS N/A Full member since the 1970s.[130] Boycotted last election.
 Serbia Democratic Party[131] DS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy[132] SMER-SD in government Full member since 1994.[132]
 South Africa African National Congress[133] ANC in government Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][133] Also in government in the provinces of Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West and Northern Cape.
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party[134] PSOE in opposition Full member since 1951.[134] In government in the autonomous communities of Asturias; senior coalition party in the autonomous community of Andalusia.
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party[135] SAP senior party in coalition
  Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland[136] SP/PS in coalition cabinet In government in the cantons of Basel-Landschaft, Graubünden, Neuchâtel and Thurgau.
 Tanzania Chama Cha Mapinduzi CCM in government Admitted as full member in 2013.[137]
 Tunisia Democratic Forum for Labour and Liberties FDTL junior party in coalition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Promoted to full member in 2012.[98]
 Turkey Republican People's Party[138][139][140] CHP in opposition Took Social Democracy Party's place in 1995.[140]
 United Kingdom Social Democratic and Labour Party[141][142] SDLP in opposition Full member since 1974.[142] Junior coalition partner in Northern Ireland.
 United States Democratic Socialists of America[143][144] DSA N/A Not an electoral party.
 Uruguay New Space[145][146] PNE in government Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][146] Part of the Broad Front.
 Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay[147] PSUA in government Admitted as full member in 1999.[30][147] Part of the Broad Front.
 Venezuela Democratic Action[148][91] AD in opposition Observer member in 1966, consultative member in 1981, full member mid 1980s.[91] In government in Nueva Esparta. Part of the Democratic Unity Roundtable.
 Venezuela Movement for Socialism MAS in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74] Part of the Democratic Unity Roundtable.
 Yemen Yemeni Socialist Party YSP in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[74]
Promoted to full member in 2012.[98]
 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai MDC junior party in coalition Admitted as full member in 2008.[74]

Consultative parties[edit]

The following parties are consultative parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 Algeria National Liberation Front FLN in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137]
 Antigua and Barbuda Antigua Labour Party ALP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[74]
 Belarus Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly) BSDP N/A Admitted as observer member in 1999.[30] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31] Unregistered party.
 Northern Cyprus Republican Turkish Party CTP in government Admitted as consultative member in 2008 (pending consultation).[74]
 Egypt Egyptian Social Democratic Party ESDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[98]
 Gabon Gabonese Progress Party PGP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Not represented in the National Assembly of Gabon
 Gambia United Democratic Party UDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[98] Boycotted last election.
 Georgia Social Democrats for the Development of Georgia SDD N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137]
 Guinea-Bissau African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde PAIGC in government Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[74]
 Iran Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan PDKI N/A Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2008.[74]
 Kazakhstan Nationwide Social Democratic Party OSDP N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2012.[98] Not represented in the Mazhilis.
 Palestine Palestinian National Initiative[114] PNI in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[74] Promoted to consultative member in 2012.[98]
 Paraguay Democratic Progressive Party PDP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2008.[74]
 Philippines Akbayan Citizens' Action Party AKBAYAN junior party in government Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Takes part in Benigno Aquino III's government.
 São Tomé and Príncipe Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party MLSTP/PSD in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137]
 Swaziland People's United Democratic Movement PUDEMO N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137] Political parties are banned in Swaziland.
 Timor-Leste Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor FReTiLIn in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 Togo Democratic Convention of African Peoples CDPA N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30] Not represented in the National Assembly of Togo.
 Turkey Peace and Democracy Party BDP in opposition Elected to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey as independents. Promoted to consultative member in 2012.[98]
 Ukraine Social Democratic Party of Ukraine[149] SDPU N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Did not participate in 2007 parliamentary election
 Venezuela A New Era UNT in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137]
 Zambia Patriotic Front PF in government Admitted as consultative member in 2013.[137]

Observer parties[edit]

The following parties are observer parties:[25][26]

Country Name Abbr Government Notes
 Albania Social Democratic Party of Albania[150] PSD N/A Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][150] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Not represented in the Parliament of Albania.
 Barbados Barbados Labour Party[151] BLP in opposition Full member since 1987.[151] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Belarus Belarusian Party of Labour Admitted as observer member in 2012.[98]
 Benin Democratic Union of Progressive Forces UDFP Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Botswana Botswana National Front BNF in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party[59] PDP/PS in opposition Full member since c1995.[59] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Burundi Front for Democracy in Burundi FRODEBU N/A Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Did not participate in 2010 legislative election.
 Central African Republic Movement for the Liberation of the Central African People MLPC in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[74]
 Colombia Alternative Democratic Pole PDA in opposition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Union for Democracy and Social Progress UDPS in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31]
 Dominica Dominica Labour Party DLP in government Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Estonia Social Democratic Party[152][153] SDE in government Member since 1990.[153]
 Greenland Forward in government Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Haiti Struggling People's Organization OPL Admitted (as Lavalas Political Organisation) as observer member in 1996.[36]
 Jamaica People's National Party[154] PNP in government Full member since 1952.[154] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Kenya Labour Party of Kenya Admitted as observer member in 2012.[98]
 Kyrgyzstan Ata Meken Socialist Party[155] in opposition Admitted as observer member in 2008.[74]
 Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party[156] LSDSP N/A Full member since 1994.[156] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Not represented in the Saeima.
 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia[157][158][159] SDSM in opposition Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 2003.[31][159]
Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Malta Labour Party[160] PL in government Full member since 1955.[160] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Namibia Congress of Democrats CoD in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Netherlands Labour Party[161] PvdA junior party in coalition Decided to minimise involvement in SI in December 2012.[162]
 New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party[146] NZLP in opposition Member since 1952.[146] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Norway Labour Party[163][164] DNA in opposition Member since 1951.[164]
 Philippines Philippines Democratic Socialist Party PDSP in opposition Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Poland Labour Union[165] UP N/A Admitted as full member in 1996.[36][165] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
Not represented in the National Assembly of the Republic of Poland.
 Sahrawi Republic Polisario Front POLISARIO in government Admitted as observer member in 2008.[74]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Labour Party SKNLP in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Labour Party SLP in government Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Unity Labour Party ULP in government Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 Slovenia Social Democrats[166] SD junior party in coalition Admitted (as United List of Social Democrats) as full member in 1996.[36][166]
Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25]
 United Kingdom Labour Party[167] in opposition Member since 1951.[167] In government in Wales. Downgraded to observer status in February 2013 "in view of ethical concerns, and to develop international co-operation through new networks."[168]

Former members[edit]

Country Name Abbr Notes
 Andorra New Democracy ND Admitted as consultative member in 1999.[30]
 Argentina Popular Socialist Party PSP Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Democratic Socialist Party to form the Socialist Party.
 Azerbaijan Social Democratic Party ASDP Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36] Promoted to consultative member in 2003.[31]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats SNSD Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008[74] Expelled in August 2012.[98]
 Bulgaria European Left BEL[169] Admitted as observer member in 1999.[30]
 Canada Co-operative Commonwealth Federation CCF Became the New Democratic Party in 1961.
 Central African Republic Movement for Democracy and Social Progress MDPS Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Ivory Coast Ivorian Popular Front[170] FPI Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Promoted to full member in 1996.[36][170] Expelled in March 2011.[18]
 Colombia M-l9 Democratic Alliance Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Egypt National Democratic Party[63] NDP Admitted as full member in 1989.[53] Full member since 1992.[63] Expelled in January 2011.[17][171][172]
 El Salvador Democratic Party PD Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 Fiji Fiji Labour Party FLP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Expelled in 2008.[74]
 Georgia Union of Citizens of Georgia CUG Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 Guatemala Social Democratic Convergence[173] CSD Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31][173]
 India Indian National Congress[174]
 Hungary Hungarian Social Democratic Party[175] MSzDP Member since 1990.[175] Admitted as observer member in 1992.[35] Promoted to consultative member in 1999.[30]
Promoted to full member in 2003.[31] Not represented in the National Assembly of Hungary. Dissolved 26 May 2013.
 India Janata Dal[176] Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 Italy Democratic Party of the Left PDS Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with others to form Democrats of the Left in 1998.
 Italy Democrats of the Left[177] DS Full member since 1992 as Democratic Party of the Left.[177] Merged with other movements to form the Democratic Party in 2007. Listed as SI member until XXIV Congress in 2012.
 Italy Italian Socialist Party PSI Party dissolved in 1994.
 Italy Italian Democratic Socialist Party PSDI Party merged into the Italian Democratic Socialists in 1998.
 Japan Democratic Socialist Party Minsha-tō Admitted as SI member in 1961.[178] Merged with non-socialist movements to form the New Frontier Party in 1994.
 Jordan Jordanian Democratic Party of the Left JDPL Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31]
 Madagascar Party for National Unity VITM Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53]
 Moldova Social Democratic Party of Moldova PSDM Admitted as observer member in 1996.[36]
 North Vietnam Vietnamese Socialist Party[179] Consultative member between 1955 and 1969.[179]
 Poland Social Democracy of the Republic of Poland SdRP Admitted as full member in 1996.[36] Absorbed into the Democratic Left Alliance in 1999.
 Romania Democratic Party PD Admitted as consultative member in 1996.[36] Promoted to full member in 1999.[30] Merged with the Liberal Democratic Party to form the Democratic Liberal Party.
 Russia Social Democratic Party of Russia SDPR Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31]
 Saint Lucia Progressive Labour Party Expelled in 1992.[35]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent Labour Party SVGLP Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53] Merged with the Movement for National Unity in 1994 to form the Unity Labour Party.
 Serbia Social Democratic Party[131] SDP Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Promoted to full member in 2008.[74]
Demoted to observer member due to non-payment of membership fees.[25] Ceased to exist in 2009[131]
 Singapore People's Action Party PAP Resigned in 1976 due to Dutch concerns over suppression of free speech.
 Slovakia Party of the Democratic Left SDĽ Admitted as full member in 1996.[36] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
 Slovakia Social Democratic Party of Slovakia SDSS Admitted as full member in 1992.[35] Merged with Direction – Social Democracy in 2005.
 Slovenia Slovenian Democratic Party SDS Admitted (as the Social Democratic Party of Slovenia) as observer member in 1992.[35]
 Tunisia Constitutional Democratic Rally[52] RCD Admitted as full member in 1989.[53] Full member since 1993.[52] Expelled in January 2011.[16]
 Tunisia Popular Unity Movement MUP Admitted as consultative member in 1989.[53]
 Turkey Democratic Left Party DSP Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50] Expelled in 1992.[35]
 Turkey Democratic People's Party DEHAP Admitted as observer member in 2003.[31] Merged with the Democratic Society Movement to form the Democratic Society Party which in turn was succeeded by the Peace and Democracy Party.
 Turkey Social Democracy Party[140] SODEP Full member since 1990.[140] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.[140]
 Turkey Social Democratic Populist Party SHP Admitted as consultative member in 1986.[50] Promoted to full member in 1989.[53] Merged with the Republican People's Party in 1995.
 Ukraine Socialist Party of Ukraine SPU Admitted as consultative member in 2003.[31] Expelled in July 2011.[180]
 United States Social Democrats, USA[166] SDUSA Member since 1972.[166] Exited SI in 2005.
 Uruguay Party for the Government of the People PGP Admitted as consultative member in 1992.[35] Merged with the Colorado Party in 1994.

Fraternal organisations[edit]

Associated organisations[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statutes of the Socialist International". Socialist International. 
  2. ^ "About Us". Socialist International. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Presidium". Socialist International. 
  4. ^ "Finances of the International". Socialist International. 
  5. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 176.
  6. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxiv.
  7. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. xxv.
  8. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 302.
  9. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 52.
  10. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 77.
  11. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 177.
  12. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 197.
  13. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 320.
  14. ^ The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989
  15. ^ Väänänen, Pentti (2012). Purppuraruusu ja samettinyrkki (in Finnish) (1st ed.). Kellastupa. pp. 192–194. ISBN 9789525787115. 
  16. ^ a b "SI decision on Tunisia". Socialist International. 17 January 2011. 
  17. ^ a b "Letter to the General Secretary of the National Democratic Party, NDP Egypt". Socialist International. 31 January 2011. 
  18. ^ a b "SI Presidium addresses situation in Côte d'Ivoire". Socialist International. 19 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "SI Statutes". Socialist International. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  20. ^ Bruderzwist unter Sozialisten - Politik - Süddeutsche.de. Sueddeutsche.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  21. ^ Progressive Alliance: Sozialdemokraten gründen weltweites Netzwerk - SPIEGEL ONLINE. Spiegel.de (2013-05-22). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  22. ^ Sozialdemokratie: „Progressive Alliance“ gegründet - Politik. FAZ. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  23. ^ (German) Sozialistische Internationale hat ausgedient: SPD gründet "Progressive Alliance". n-tv.de. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  24. ^ "Honorary Presidents of the Socialist International". Socialist International. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Member Parties". Socialist International. 
  26. ^ a b c "Social Democratic Parties". Broad Left. 1 June 2005. 
  27. ^ "Key Political Parties in Albania". Balkan Insight. 
  28. ^ "Albania". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  29. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 323.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa "XXI Congress of the Socialist International, Paris - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "XXII Congress of the Socialist International, São Paulo - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International. 
  32. ^ "FFS (Socialist Forces Front)". European Institute for Research on Euro-Arab Co-operation. 
  33. ^ "Algeria". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  34. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 319.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "XIX Congress of the Socialist International, Berlin - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International. 
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "XX Congress of the Socialist International, New York - Congress Decisions Regarding Membership". Socialist International. 
  37. ^ "Benvinguts" (in Catalan). Social Democratic Party (Andorra). 
  38. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 311.
  39. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 270.
  40. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 286.
  41. ^ "Historia del Partido Socialista" (in Spanish). Socialist Party (Argentina). 
  42. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 35.
  43. ^ "In the Socialist International". Armenian Revolutionary Federation. 
  44. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 37.
  45. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 41.
  46. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 44.
  47. ^ "L'Action Internationale" (in French). Parti Socialiste (Belgium). 
  48. ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 310.
  49. ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 241.
  50. ^ a b c d e f "XVII Congress of the Socialist International, Lima - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International. 
  51. ^ "Bosnia Herzegovina". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  52. ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 101.
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "XVIII Congress of the Socialist International, Stockholm - Decisions on Membership of the Socialist International". Socialist International. 
  54. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 67.
  55. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 68.
  56. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 307.
  57. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 251.
  58. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 25.
  59. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 265.
  60. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 314.
  61. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 325.
  62. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 211.
  63. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 245.
  64. ^ "Croatia". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  65. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 312.
  66. ^ "Movement for Social Democracy". Movement for Social Democracy. 
  67. ^ a b c Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 308.
  68. ^ "Our Party". Czech Social Democratic Party. 
  69. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 95.
  70. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 108.
  71. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 102.
  72. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 87.
  73. ^ "L'internationale socialiste" (in French). Socialist Party (France). 
  74. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "XXIII Congress of the Socialist International, Athens - Decisions of the Congress Regarding Membership". Socialist International. 
  75. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 262.
  76. ^ "Attack on President Condé an assault on democracy". Socialist International. 19 July 2011. 
  77. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 148.
  78. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 351.
  79. ^ "A Magyar Szocialista Párt..." (in Hungarian). Hungarian Socialist Party. 
  80. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 158.
  81. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 160.
  82. ^ "International Solidarity". Labour Party (Ireland). 
  83. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 180.
  84. ^ a b "Israel". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  85. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 186.
  86. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 283.
  87. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 214.
  88. ^ "LSAP aujourd'hui" (in French). Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party. 
  89. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 217.
  90. ^ "International Solidarity". Democratic Action Party. 
  91. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 100.
  92. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 29.
  93. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 230.
  94. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 229.
  95. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 167.
  96. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 268.
  97. ^ "Moldova". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  98. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "XXIV Congress of the Socialist International, Cape Town - Decisions on Membership". Socialist International. 
  99. ^ "Party History". Mongolian People's Party. 
  100. ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 238.
  101. ^ a b "Montenegro". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  102. ^ "Socijalistička internacionala" (in Montenegrin). Social Democratic Party of Montenegro. 
  103. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 313.
  104. ^ "Relations internationales" (in French). Socialist Union of Popular Forces. 
  105. ^ "Morocco". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  106. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 328.
  107. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 132.
  108. ^ "Introduction". Nepali Congress. 
  109. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 250.
  110. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 296.
  111. ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 267.
  112. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 261.
  113. ^ "Fatah becomes member of Socialist International". Ma'an News Agency. 2 July 2011. 
  114. ^ a b "Palestinian Territories". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  115. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 290.
  116. ^ "Party for a Country of Solidarity" (in Spanish). Party for a Country of Solidarity. 
  117. ^ "Socialist International met in Paraguay ahead of presidential elections". Socialist International. 
  118. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 121.
  119. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 273.
  120. ^ "English". Democratic Left Alliance. 
  121. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 103.
  122. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 280.
  123. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 285.
  124. ^ "Afiliere internationala" (in Romanian). Social Democratic Party (Romania). 
  125. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 293.
  126. ^ "Russia". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  127. ^ "Just Russia – member of Socialist International". Sergey Mironov. 
  128. ^ "СПРАВЕДЛИВАЯ РОССИЯ стала полноправным членом Социнтерна" (in Russian). A Just Russia. 
  129. ^ "Le Parti en bref" (in French). Socialist Party of Senegal. 
  130. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 326.
  131. ^ a b c "Serbia". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  132. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 107.
  133. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 24.
  134. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 336.
  135. ^ "Other languages". Swedish Social Democratic Party. 
  136. ^ "Internationale socialiste" (in French). Social Democratic Party of Switzerland. 
  137. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.socialistinternational.org/images/dynamicImages/files/Council%20decisions-1.pdf
  138. ^ "European Union Representation". Republican People's Party (Turkey). 
  139. ^ "Turkey". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  140. ^ a b c d e Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 289.
  141. ^ "Our History". Social Democratic and Labour Party. 
  142. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 305.
  143. ^ "the organization". Democratic Socialists of America. 
  144. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 104.
  145. ^ "Nuevo Espacio" (in Spanish). New Space (Uruguay). 
  146. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 253.
  147. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 327.
  148. ^ "Propuestas" (in Spanish). Democratic Action. 
  149. ^ "Ukraine". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  150. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 27.
  151. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 46.
  152. ^ "History". Social Democratic Party (Estonia). 
  153. ^ a b Peter Lamb; James C. Docherty (2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism (Second ed.). The Scarecrow Press. p. 119. ISBN 978-0-8108-5560-1. 
  154. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 271.
  155. ^ "Kyrgyzstan". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  156. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 203.
  157. ^ "International cooperation". Social Democratic Union of Macedonia. 
  158. ^ "FYR Macedonia". European Forum for Democracy and Solidarity. 
  159. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 315.
  160. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 220.
  161. ^ "Partners". Labour Party (Netherlands). 
  162. ^ PvdA steunt oprichting Progressive Alliance | PvdA. Pvda.nl (2012-12-19). Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  163. ^ "Information in English". Labour Party (Norway). 
  164. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 255.
  165. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 352.
  166. ^ a b c d Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 316.
  167. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 63.
  168. ^ Black, Ann. (2013-02-06) Report from Labour’s January executive. Left Futures. Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  169. ^ Janusz Bugajski (2002). Political Parties of Eastern Europe: A Guide to Politics in the Post-Communist Era. M.E. Sharpe. pp. 790–. ISBN 978-1-56324-676-0. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  170. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 184.
  171. ^ Gültaşli, Selçuk (4 February 2011). "Socialist International cancels Mubarak’s party membership". Today's Zaman. 
  172. ^ Weigel, David (4 February 2011). "Socialist International Kicks Out Mubarak". Slate (magazine). 
  173. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 306.
  174. ^ Gabriel Sheffer (1993). Innovative Leaders in International Politics. SUNY Press. pp. 202–. ISBN 978-0-7914-1520-7. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  175. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 156.
  176. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 185.
  177. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 105.
  178. ^ James C. Docherty; Peter Lamb (2 October 2006). Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Scarecrow Press. pp. 187–. ISBN 978-0-8108-6477-1. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
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  180. ^ Партію Мороза виключили з Соцінтерну, Ukrainian Pravda, 03, July, 2011
  181. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 170.
  182. ^ Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 175.
  183. ^ "Socialist International Women". Socialist International Women. 
  184. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 173.
  185. ^ a b Lamb & Docherty 2006, p. 174.
  186. ^ "What is the ILRS?". International League of Religious Socialists. 
  187. ^ "Political Parties". National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. 

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]