Socialist Union of Popular Forces

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Socialist Union of Popular Forces
Leader Driss Lachgar
Founded 1975; 39 years ago (1975)
Split from UNFP
Headquarters Rabat, Morocco
Ideology Social democracy[1]
Democratic socialism[1]
Political position Centre-left
International affiliation Socialist International,
Progressive Alliance
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (observer)
Colours Purple, White
Seats in the Assembly of Representatives:
39 / 395
Website
www.usfp.ma
Politics of Morocco
Political parties
Elections

The Socialist Union of Popular Forces, USFP, (Arabic: الاتحاد الاشتراكي للقوات الشعبية Al-Ittihad Al-Ishtirakiy Lilqawat Al-Sha'abiyah, French: Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires) is a social-democratic[1] political party in Morocco.

History and profile[edit]

The USFP was originally formed as a breakaway from the National Union of Popular Forces (UNFP), a Socialist opposition party which had itself split from the Istiqlal Party in 1959.

In the parliamentary election held on 27 September 2002, the party won 50 out of 325 seats, making it the largest party in the Moroccan parliament. Following those elections It formed a government with the "Istiqlal" party in a three-party coalition known as the "Koutla".

In the next parliamentary election, held on 7 September 2007, the USFP won 38 out of 325 losing 12 seats and became only the fifth largest party in parliament.[2] The USFP was included in the government of Prime Minister Abbas El Fassi, formed on October 15, 2007.[3]

The USFP is a full member of the Socialist International[4] and an observer of the Party of European Socialists.[5]

2011 elections[edit]

In the run-up to the November 2011 parliamentary elections, the USFP sought to present a united front with the Party of Progress and Socialism (PPS) and Democratic Forces Front (FFD) to reverse the loss of support for the Moroccan left in recent years.[6] The party placed fifth place in a large field in the 2011 legislative elections.

Electoral performance[edit]

Year Number of votes Percentage of votes Seats in the
House of Representatives
Position in Parliament
1977
116,470
2.31
1 / 264
Opposition
1984
550,291
12.39
35 / 301
Opposition
1993
820,641
13.2
52 / 333
Opposition
1997
884,061
13.9
57 / 325
Leading government under Abderrahmane Youssoufi
2002
15.38
50 / 325
Part of the government
2007
408,945
8.9
38 / 325
Part of the government
2011
408,108
8.6
39 / 395
Opposition

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c El-Hussein A’boushi (2010), "The Socialist Union of Popular Forces Party in Morocco", Returning to Political Parties? (The Lebanese Center for Policy Studies): 131–173, retrieved 1 December 2011 
  2. ^ "Moroccans favor conservative party instead of ushering in Islamic party", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 9 September 2007.
  3. ^ "Le roi nomme un nouveau gouvernement après des tractations difficiles", AFP. 15 October 2007 (French).
  4. ^ List of Socialist International parties in Africa Socialist International.
  5. ^ Party of European Socialists official website
  6. ^ "NORTH AFRICA REGION DAILY NEWS UPDATE". Aswat. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 

External links[edit]